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1.1 Powers
1.2 Algebraic Manipulation
1.3 Summations
1.4.1 Pascal’s Triangle
1.4.2 Using the Binomial Theorem
1.5 Cartesian Coordinates
1.5.1 Distance between points
1.5.2 Straight Lines
1.5.3 Finding the intersection of two lines
1.6 Angles and Trigonometry
1.6.1 Trig Functions
1.7 Circles
1.7.1 Tangents
1.8 Parameters
1.9 Polar Co-ordinates
2.1 Introduction
2.2 The Derivative
2.3. THE DERIVATIVE AS A RATE OF CHANGE 17
2.3 The Derivative as a Rate of Change
2.4 Three Standard Derivatives
2.4.1 The derivative of xn
2.4.2 The derivatives of sine and cosine
2.5 Rules for Diﬀerentiation
2.5.1 SUMS
2.5.2 PRODUCTS
2.5.4 THE CHAIN RULE
Rates of Change etc
3.1 Introduction
3.2 Higher Derivatives
3.2.1 The meaning of the second derivative
3.3 Parametric Diﬀerentiation
More Functions
4.1 Introduction
4.1.1 The inverse trig functions
4.1.2 Diﬀerentiating the inverse trig functions
4.1.3 Log and Exp
4.1.4 The derivative of log
4.1.5 The Exponential Function
4.1.6 The derivative
4.1.7 The scientiﬁc importance of exp
4.1.8 The hyperbolic trig functions
Maxima and Minima
5.1 Introduction
5.1.1 Finding critical points and determining their nature
5.1.2 Global Maxima and Minima
Integration
6.1 Introduction
6.1.1 Indeﬁnite Integrals
6.1.2 The Constant of Integration
6.1.3 How to Integrate
6.1.4 The Deﬁnite Integral
Techniques of Integration
7.1 Introduction
1. Integration by substitution
7.2 Integration by Substitution
7.2.1 The technique
7.2.2 How to handle deﬁnite integrals
7.3 Integration by Parts
7.3.1 Guidelines on the choice of u and v
7.4 Partial Fractions
7.4.1 The Partial Fractions Routine
7.4.2 The Integration Stage
Applications of Integration
8.1 Introduction
8.2 Volumes of Revolution
8.2.1 The Basic Case
8.2.2 Curves given parametrically
8.3 Lengths of Curves
8.4 Centroids
8.4.1 Calculating Mx, the moment with respect to the x-axis
8.4.2 Calculating My, the moment with respect to the y-axis
8.4.3 Special Case
8.5 Surfaces of Revolution
Reduction Formulas
9.1 Reduction Formulas
Complex Numbers
10.1 Introduction
10.2 The Arithmetic of Complex Numbers
10.2.1 Square Roots
10.2.2 Complex Conjugates
10.3 The Argand Diagram
10.4 Modulus and Argument
10.5 Products
10.6 De Moivre’s Theorem
10.7 The Roots of Unity
10.8 Polynomials
11.1 Introduction
11.2 Terminology
11.3 Matrix Algebra
11.3.2 Subtraction of Matrices
11.3.3 Multiplication by a Number
11.3.4 Multiplication of Matrices
11.3.5 Origins of the Deﬁnition
11.4 Properties of Matrix Algebra
11.5 Inverses of Matrices
11.5.1 Complex Numbers and Matrices
11.6 Determinants
11.6.1 Properties of Determinants
11.7 The Fourier Matrix
11.7.1 Rapid convolution and the FFT
11.8 Linear Systems of Equations
11.9 Geometrical Interpretation
11.10 Gaussian Reduction
11.10.1 The Simple Algorithm
11.10.2 Complications
11.10.3 Solving Systems in Practice
11.11 Calculating Inverses
Approximation and Taylor Series
12.1 Introduction
12.2 Accuracy
12.3.1 Small Changes
12.4 Solving Equations—Approximately
12.4.1 Newton’s Method
12.5 Higher Approximations
12.5.1 Second Approximation
12.5.2 Higher Approximations
12.6 Taylor Series
12.6.1 Inﬁnite Series
12.6.2 Geometric Series
12.6.3 Taylor Series
12.6.4 The Binomial Series
Diﬀerential Equations
13.1 Introduction
13.2 Separable Equations
13.2.1 The Malthus Equation
13.3 Generalities
13.4. LINEAR FIRST-ORDER EQUATIONS 147
13.4 Linear First-Order Equations
13.5 Linear Diﬀerential Equations
13.5.1 The Inhomogeneous Case
Numbers
A.1 Measures of Error
A.2 Scientiﬁc Notation
Solutions to Exercises
Index Entries
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09/05/2011

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