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Technology for Disable People: Bangladesh Perspective,

Technology for Disable People: Bangladesh Perspective,

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Abstract
A disability is an umbrella term, covering impairments, activity limitations, and participation restrictions can be an individual for physical, cognitive, mental sensory, emotional, development or some combination of these. A disability may occur during a person’s lifetime or may be present from birth. Disable people can be own self compatible with society through technology, and can contribute the mainstream society. Technology is the branch of knowledge that deals with the creation and use of technical means as a combination of four basic components-technoware, humanware, orgaware and infor ware, all of which together accomplished and transformation operation towards solving practical tasks for life, society, and the environment, drawing upon such subjects as industrial arts, engineering, applied science, and pure science. In this view, disable people may use technology for sustaining their life as a normal people and can contribute the society to achieve the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). In this paper, technology is studied for disable people Bangladesh perspective.
Keywords: Disabilities; Technology; Mainstream Society; Rehabilitation, Millennium Development Goals.
Abstract
A disability is an umbrella term, covering impairments, activity limitations, and participation restrictions can be an individual for physical, cognitive, mental sensory, emotional, development or some combination of these. A disability may occur during a person’s lifetime or may be present from birth. Disable people can be own self compatible with society through technology, and can contribute the mainstream society. Technology is the branch of knowledge that deals with the creation and use of technical means as a combination of four basic components-technoware, humanware, orgaware and infor ware, all of which together accomplished and transformation operation towards solving practical tasks for life, society, and the environment, drawing upon such subjects as industrial arts, engineering, applied science, and pure science. In this view, disable people may use technology for sustaining their life as a normal people and can contribute the society to achieve the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). In this paper, technology is studied for disable people Bangladesh perspective.
Keywords: Disabilities; Technology; Mainstream Society; Rehabilitation, Millennium Development Goals.

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Published by: Dr. Engr. Md Mamunur Rashid on Sep 05, 2011
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Technology for Disable People: Bangladesh Perspective
Md Mamunur RashidBangladesh Institute of Management (www.bim.org.bd)4, Sobhanbag, Mirpur Road, Dhaka-1207,
 BANGLADESH.
E-mail:mamun87245@gmail.comAbstractA disability is an umbrella term, covering impairments, activity limitations, and participation restrictionscan be an individual for physical, cognitive, mental sensory, emotional, development or some
combination of these. A disability may occur during a person’s lifetime or may be present from birth
.Disable people can be own self compatible with society through technology, and can contribute themainstream society. Technology is the branch of knowledge that deals withthecreation and use of technical means as a combination of four basic components-technoware, humanware, orgaware and inforware, all of which together accomplished and transformation operation towards solving practical tasks forlife, society, and the environment, drawing upon such subjects as industrial arts, engineering, appliedscience,and pure science. In this view, disable people may use technology for sustaining their life as anormal people and can contribute the society to achieve the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). Inthis paper, technology is studied for disable people Bangladesh perspective.Keywords:
Disabilities; Technology; Mainstream Society; Rehabilitation, Millennium Development Goals.
1.0 IntroductionRoughly 10% of the total population is disabled (14.2319 million) of Bangladesh. 70% of disabledpopulation is totally illiterate. 14% of the population owning less than 0-1 acre of land (functionalitylandless) is disabled. Absolute annual growth of disabled population in Bangladesh is approximately250,000 [1] . Of which half a million are multi-handicapped including 3 million children. The total figureof disability is increasing with population growth and ageing. Disability on this scale represents not only amajor health issue but also a prime cause of poverty and underdevelopment. In this perspective theMillennium Development Goals (MDGs) [2] target to end poverty within 2015. It is note that MDGsgoals are eradicate extreme poverty and hunger; achieve universal primary education; promote genderequality and empower women; reduce child mortality;improve maternal health; combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases;ensure environmental sustainability and develop a global partnership for
 
development. It is matter of disappointed that disable people are not specific target in MDGs. Except theparticipation of disable people, it is difficult to remove poverty within 2015. Although, at the end of 2010,the MDGs have helped to lift millions of people out of poverty, save lives and ensure that children attendschool, reduced maternal deaths, expanded opportunities for women, increased access to clean water,freed many people from deadly and debilitating disease, empowered women and girls, promotedsustainable development, and protected the most vulnerable from the devastating effects of multiple crisesfrom the world. According to the millennium development goal is to ensure that by the year 2015,children everywhere, boys and girls alike, will be able to complete a full course of primary schooling andthose girls and boys will have equal access to all levels of education. Children and youth with disabilitieswill be an integral part of the population targeted by the millennium development goal of ensuring that by2015 all boys and girls will complete a full course of primary schooling. At least 75 per cent of childrenand youth with disabilities of school age will, by 2010, be able to complete a full course of primaryschooling. By 2012, all infants and young children (birth to four years old) will have access to and receivecommunity-based early intervention services, which ensure survival, with support and training for theirfamilies. Governments may ensure detection of disabilities as early an age as possible [3]. In this view,technology can preventing the causes of disability and the need for disseminate the knowledge of nutrition as many people have become disabled due to malnutrition, reaching out to persons withdisabilities in rural areas and raising awareness and advocacy for the inclusion of persons with disabilitiesin all social, cultural and religious activities like Japan. In this perspective , Japan has done remarkablework for their disable people [4]. Yet Many organizations work for disable people through the world wide[5-6]. Therefore , a study is done for disable people considering technology for their rehabilitation focuson Bangladesh disable people.2.0 TechnologyTechnology is the systematic application of scientific and other organized knowledge towards solvingpractical tasks through as a basic combination of four basic components: technoware, humanware,orgaware and Inforware. In this section, t
he author is presented that technology’s component for 
rehabilitation the disable people to compatible for mainstream society.2.1 TechnowareTechnoware includes all physical facilities required for the transformation operation, such as, instruments,equipment, machinery, devices, structures, factories. Some days ago, people believed that disable personsare separate from society. Recently this scenario is fully changed. People changed their believes, norms,ideas and perceptions about disable people. There are many disable people who are able to do any type of work like an able person in developed country like Japan. To remove the distress condition of the disable
 
people can change and bring them into the mainstream of the development by some technowaredevelopment. There is obviously a solution, where the problem is in this digital world. The technowareequipments can be walker, wheel chair, digital wheel chair, crutch, elbow crutch, digital pen, disablementsoftware, disablement hardware, digital wheel chair and other equipments, digital sunglasses, laptopcomputer with sensors etc. Disable people can use computer in their homes and also in office orworkplace. Mere special or new software only for them should be developed. The technology that is usedinternally in the office can develop specially developed for them. The interior decoration like door,window, and floor must be decorated for their proper work. Disable people can use lift, escalator, AC, andother equipment like normal person. Because of using technology now a day nobody is disabling. Thereare so many equipments for the disable people. An ideal example can be Hawkins (famous scientists). He
is a total disable person. He can’t move his any part of the body without a finger. He doesn’t say anyth
ingto the other people. Apart from the positive thing is his brain still working and for this plus point. AMicrosoft corporation develops software and added with Hawkins wheel chair. Now whatever Hawkinsthink that comes into the monitor and auto speech machine can speak those things. Now Hawkins candeliver his lecture in the Harvard University and can as so attend much conference and deliver his speech.Through usages of technology now a day every disable man becomes like normal people. Technology isthe main arm for disable people.2.2 HumanwareHumanware includes all acquired abilities necessary for the transformation operation, such as, expertise,proficiencies, dexterity, creativity, perseverance, diligence, ingenuity. Every people belong in a globalworld, where they are working for their own betterment. For different disable people the government cantake action which is helpful them. Suppose in Bangladesh for the blind people government take differenttreatment. The main thing is that this disable people may be included and their own creativity can beraised for Bangladesh development. There are some processes to develop the humanware or disablepeople. At first, the following work can be done for disable people: to motivate them every work and toincrease their knowledge about everything, and consider these people are human, they have also mind,power, and personality. These people can be trained about software, hardware, working process andtechnology. These people must have some jobs, from where they can earn money and live a standard lifein society. They are not useless, it can be considered and to create an environment like normal people andalso to give a society for their own choice. If anyone is specific blind disable, to train them for sittingwork so that they can work without any problem.2.3 InforwareInforware includes all accumulated facts and figures required for the transformation operation, such asdesigns, specifications, observations, relations, equations, charts, theories. The disable people are

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