Coconut Airways has a network problem
How do we fix the cable?
Introducing the CAT-5 cable
The CAT-5 cable dissected
So what’s with all the colors?
Let’s fix the broken CAT-5 cable
A closer look at the RJ-45 connector
So what are the physical steps?
You fixed the CAT-5 cable
Coconut Airways has more than one network
Introducing the coaxial cable
Coaxial networks are bus networks
So can we fix the cable?
The network’s still not working
What about connectors and terminators?
No sound means no electrons
You’ve fixed the coaxial cable
Introducing fiber-optic cables
The Coconut Airways cable’s over-bent
How to fix fiber-optics with a
A fiber-optic connector needs fitting too
We’re nearly ready to fix the connector
There are two types of fiber
Which mode fiber should you use?
Let’s fit the connector on the fiber-optic
Coconut Airways is sky high
Ghost Watch needs your help!
Every good network needs a good plan
How to plan a network layout
Let’s plan the cabling with a floorplan
Ready to plot some network cables?
We need to decide on the cable
Uh oh! The cabling is a mess
Ghost Watch needs cable
Things that go bump
Let’s start by labeling the cables
But there are still lots of cables
So what’s a patch panel?
Behind the scenes of a patch panel
The wires go into a punch down block
Roll the cameras!
Mighty Gumball won the Super Bowl contract
Introducing the multimeter
So what’s resistance?
So how well did the multimeter do?
An oscilloscope shows voltage changes
voltage is electrical pressure
Voltage is really electrical pressure
Where does noise on network
cables come from?
So how well did the oscilloscope
perform for Mighty Gumball?
A logical analyzer uses voltage too
When is a logical analyzer useful?
So which tool is best?
A LAN analyzer combines the
functions of all the other tools
A LAN analyzer understands the
network traffic in the signal
The Mighty Gumball problems are fixed!
What’s the secret message?
Network cards handle encoding
To get the message, reverse the encoding
The Ethernet standard tells hardware
how to encode the data
A quick guide to binary
Computers read numbers, humans read letters
Hexadecimal to the rescue
We can convert to ASCII using hex
Back at the spy agency
Protocols define the structure of a message
Network frames have lots of layers
Your friendly packet field guide
A switch sends frames, and only sends
them where they need to go
The switch has the information
use software to monitor packets
We can use software to monitor packets
Let’s hook Wireshark up to the switch
Wireshark gives us traffic information
Routers have MAC addresses too
Routers are really smart
You’ve found the mole!
We need to connect two networks
The light’s on, but nobody’s home
Let’s see what traffic is on our network!
MAC address versus IP address
So what’s the problem with the Moonbase?
How do we get network traffic to
move between networks?
How the router moves data across networks
Back to the Moonbase problem
The secret of IP numbers is
Routers connect networks by
doing the math
The Router Exposed
You just created this router config file!
Let the router tell us what’s wrong
Houston, we have a problem
Routing tables tell routers where to send packets
Each line represents a different route
So how do we enter routes?
Routes help routers figure out
where to send network traffic
So are the moonbases now connected?
Back on the moon
So how do we troubleshoot bad routes?
The traceroute command is useful too
So what’s the problem with the
The network address changes keep
Use RIP to get routes to update themselves
So how do we set up RIP?
There are too many hops
The routing protocol zoo
So how do we setup EIGRP?
We have lift off!
The Head First Health Club needs a website
Let’s go buy a domain name
Uh-oh! We’re in trouble
Introducing the DNS
The DNS relies on name servers
How the DNS sees your domain
So how does this affect the Health Club?
First install a DNS name server
...then configure the name server
So where would you start troubleshooting
a misfiring network?
Troubleshoot network connectivity with
the ping command
If the ping fails, check the cables
Get started with the show interface command
Cisco Show Command Exposed
The ticket network’s still not fixed
SNMP to the rescue!
SNMP is a network admininistrator’s
How to configure SNMP on a Cisco device
Get devices to send you their problems
How to configure syslogd on a Cisco device
How do you tell what’s in the logs?
Too much information can be just as
bad as not enough
How do you know which events are important?
Pajama Death’s a sell-out!
Your new gig at Starbuzz Coffee
Wireless access points create
networks using radio waves
Let’s fit the wireless access point
The central Starbuzz server needs to
access the cash register
Port mapping to the rescue!
Let’s set up port mapping on the
Starbuzz access point
The wireless access point is a success!
The bad guys are everywhere
And it’s not just the NETWORK that
The big four in network security
Defend your network against
MAC address spoofing
So how do we defend against MAC
Defend your network against
ARP poisoning attacks
So what can we do about ARP
It’s all about the access, baby!
Set up your router’s Access Control Lists
to keep attackers out
So how do we configure the Access
Firewalls filter packets between networks
Master the static packet filter
Get smart with stateful packet-filters
Humans are the weakest link in your
So how do social engineers operate?
Smash social engineering with a
clear and concise security policy
You’ve hardened your network