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English Summary Lokpalbill

English Summary Lokpalbill

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Published by Ketan Methaniya
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Published by: Ketan Methaniya on Sep 05, 2011
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08/19/2014

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WhatareLokpalandLokayukta?WhyareLokpalandLokayuktaneeded?HowwillLokpalandLokayuktabedifferentfromtheprevalentsystemoffightingcorruption?
Weproposethatthereshouldbeestablisheda‘Lokpal’atthecentralleveland‘Lakayukta’atthestatelevel,bothofwhichwilladdresstheinadequaciesofthecurrentanti-corruptionsystemsandhavethepowerandindependencetoinvestigateandprosecutecasesofcorruption.Tobeestablishedthroughtheenactmentofcentralandstate-levellaws,LokpalandLokayuktawillworkonbehalfofthecitizensofIndiatoprotecttheirinterestsfromabuseofpublicofficeatthelevelofthecentralandstategovernments,respectively.These‘people’scommissions’willbeindependentofthegovernmentinamannerthatpoliticiansandbureaucratsarenotabletointerfereintheirfunctioning.Theywillbeaccountabletothecitizensthroughtransparencyintheirselectionandfunctioning.LokpalandLokayuktawillalsobemadeaccountabletothecitizensbygivingthelattertherighttofilecomplaintsagainsttheformerattheSupremeCourtandtheHighCourt,respectively.LokpalandLokayuktawillprotectcitizenswhoshowthecouragetobringtothenoticeoftheauthoritiesanyinstanceofabuseofpublicoffice.Thepeople’scommissionswillalsodealwithcertainkindsofgrievancesreportedbythecitizensinrespectofanyserviceorofficeofthecentralandstategovernmentsandprovidethemredress.TheestablishmentofLokpalandLokayuktawilldoawaywithmultiplicityofanti-corruptionagencies;eachofthesepeople’scommissionswillhave10membersandonechairperson.
 
CURRENTSYSTEMPROPOSEDLOKPAL-LOKAYUKTASYSTEM
    F    U    N    C    T    I    O    N    I    N    G    O    F    L    O    K    P    A    L
Ordinarycitizenscomplainingagainstcorruptionhavelittletrustintheprevailinganti-corruptionsystemsbecausetheybelievetheywillnotbelistenedtoornothingwillcomeoutoftheregistrationoftheircomplaints.Intheprevailingsystems,thereisnotimelimitwithinwhichacomplaintagainstcorruptionistobeinvestigated.Often,theanti-corruptionagenciesjustcloseacasewithoutinformingthecomplainant.Theinvestigationintocorruptionmayalsoturncorrupt,suchaswhentheanti-corruptionagenciesacceptbribestocloseacase.AnyordinarycitizencanapproachLokpalandLokayuktawithanycomplaintofcorruption.LokpalorLokayuktawillhavetocompleteitsenquiriesorinvestigationswithinoneyear.Afterinvestigation,ifthereisevidenceofcorruptionfoundagainstapoliticianoranyofficial,LokpalorLokayuktawillhavetofileacaseinappropriatetrialcourt.Thetrialcourtwillhavetocompletethetrialandannouncepunishmentwithinayear.LokpalandLokayuktawillhavethepowerstogetaguiltyofficialdismissedorsuspended.Theywillalsohavethepowerstogetanincrementofaguiltyofficialwithheldorgetaguiltyofficialreducedinrank.TheLokpalorLokayuktawillmakeanannualestimateofthenumberofspecialcourtsrequiredtoensurethatthetrialineachcaseiscompletedwithinayear.ThegovernmentwillhavetosetupsuchnumberofcourtswithinthreemonthsoftheLokpalandLokayuktamakingtherequest.EverycomplaintshallhavetobecompulsorilydisposedbyLokpalorLokayukta.Nocomplaintcouldbedisposedofwithoutgivingahearingtothecomplainant.Ifanycaseisclosed,allrecordsrelatedtheretoshallbemadepublic.
    J    U    D    G    E    S  –    S    C    &    H    C
NoFIRcanberegisteredagainstanySupremeCourtorHighCourtjudgewithoutthepermissionofChiefJusticeofIndia.IthasbeenseeninthepastthattheChiefJusticeofIndiatriestoprotecthisownbrotherjudgesandrarelygivessuchapermission.UnderJanLokpalBill,thefullbenchofLokpalwillgivepermissiontofileacaseagainstanyjudge.NopermissionwillberequiredfromChiefJusticeofIndia.
    P    R    O    P    E    R    T    Y    A    T    T    A    C    H    M    E    N    T
Inthecurrentanti-corruptionsystems,thereisnoprovisionforattachingthepropertiesofthepersonsbeinginvestigated.LokpalorLokayuktawillhavethepowerstonotifythelistofmoveableandimmoveableassetsoftheaccusedtobeattachedif,duringinvestigations,thepeople’scommissionscometobelievethatprosecutionislikelytobeinitiated.Theseassetscannotbetransferredaftersuchnotification.Losstoexchequerquantifiedatthetimeofconvictioncouldberecoveredfromthesaleoftheseassets.
 
    R    E    C    O    V    E    R    Y    O    F    L    O    S    S    E    S
Currently,thereisnoprovisioninourlawtorecoverthepublicfundsthathavebeenmisappropriatedormakeupforthelosstotheexchequeronaccountofcorruptpractices.Atthetimeofconviction,thecourtwillmakeanassessmentofthelosscausedbytheaccused,whichshallberecoveredfromthem.Ifthebeneficiaryofthecorruptpracticesisabusinessentity,fivetimesthelosscausedtothegovernmentwillberecovered.Therecoverymaybedonefromtheassetsofthatbusinessentityorthepersonalassetsofitsdirectors.
    P    U    N    I    S    H    M    E    N    T
Thequantumofpunishmentforpeopleconvictedofcorruptpracticesrangefromsixmonthstosevenyearsofimprisonment,whichisinadequate.Thepunishmentwillrangefromoneyeartolifeimprisonmentandwillbecommensuratewiththestatusorrankoftheaccused.Thequantumofpunishmentwillbehigherforaconvictwhohadahigherrankthanforaconvictwiththelowerrank.
    M    I    N    I    S    T    E    R    S
Inthecurrentsystem,ministerscontinueintheirpositionsdespitesubstantialevidenceagainstthem.Iftheallegationsagainstaministeraresubstantiatedthroughanenquiryorinvestigation,theLokpalorLokayuktawillbeabletorecommendremovalofthatminister(otherthanthePrimeMinister).
    E    V    I    D    E    N    C    E
Inthecurrentsystem,itisdifficulttogatherevidenceofillegalobtainmentofapublicbenefitonpaymentofbribe.Ifapersonobtainsanybenefitfromthegovernmentinviolationofalaworrulesandregulations,thatpersonalongwithconcernedpublicservantsshallbedeemedtohaveindulgedincorruptpractices.
    W    H    I    S    T    L    E    B    L    O    W    E    R    P    R    O    T    E    C    T    I    O    N
Currently,peoplewhoreportcorruptpracticesorraisetheirvoiceagainstcorruptionarebeingthreatened,victimizedandevenmurdered.Thereisnoprotectionforthem.LokpalandLokayuktawillberesponsibleforprovidingthewhistleblowers,insideoroutsidethegovernment,withprotectionfromathreatorvictimizationofaprofessionalorphysicalkind.
    C    I    T    I    Z    E    N    ’    S    C    H    A    R    T    E    R
Currently,itiseasyforacorruptpublicofficialtocompelacitizentopayabribebysimplyrefusingtodotheworkwithoutabribe.Thecitizen’schoiceislimitedtopayingabribetogettheworkdoneornotpayingabribeandnotgettingtheworkdone.Everydepartmentshallprepareacitizenscharterlistingalltheroutineandeasilydefinableworksalongwiththeofficialresponsibleforaparticularworkandthetimeframeinwhichtheworkwillbedone.Eachdepartmentwillalsodesignateitsheadorasufficientlyseniorofficeraspublicgrievanceofficer(PGO).Acomplaintofnon-adherencetothecitizen’scharterwillbedealtbythePGO,whowillberequiredtogettheworkdonein30days.IfthePGOfailstoprovideredress,thegrievancewillgotothevigilanceofficer(whowillbeapartoftheLokpal)andthegrievancewillbedeemedtohaveavigilanceofficer.Thevigilanceofficerwillgettheworkdoneinthenext30days,imposepenaltiesontheerringofficialswhichwillbepaidascompensationtothecitizenandproceedwithenquiriesofmisconductagainsttheerringofficials.

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