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On the Newton Ian Constant of Gravitation Abstract

On the Newton Ian Constant of Gravitation Abstract

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On the Newtonian Constant of Gravitation. [Abstract]
C. V. Boys
Proceedings of the Royal Society of London
, Vol. 56. (1894), pp. 131-132.
Proceedings of the Royal Society of London
is currently published by The Royal Society.Your use of the JSTOR archive indicates your acceptance of JSTOR's Terms and Conditions of Use, available athttp://www.jstor.org/about/terms.html. JSTOR's Terms and Conditions of Use provides, in part, that unless you have obtainedprior permission, you may not download an entire issue of a journal or multiple copies of articles, and you may use content inthe JSTOR archive only for your personal, non-commercial use.Please contact the publisher regarding any further use of this work. Publisher contact information may be obtained athttp://www.jstor.org/journals/rsl.html.Each copy of any part of a JSTOR transmission must contain the same copyright notice that appears on the screen or printedpage of such transmission.The JSTOR Archive is a trusted digital repository providing for long-term preservation and access to leading academic journals and scholarly literature from around the world. The Archive is supported by libraries, scholarly societies, publishers,and foundations. It is an initiative of JSTOR, a not-for-profit organization with a mission to help the scholarly community takeadvantage of advances in technology. For more information regarding JSTOR, please contact support@jstor.org.http://www.jstor.orgSat Jun 30 13:50:09 2007
 
The
IJORD
KELVIN,
Jl.C.L., LL.D
,
President, in thc Chair.
A
List of the Prescnts received was laid on the table,
arid
thanksordered for them.The following Papcrs were read
:-
I.
"
On
the Newtoni:nl Constant of Qr:~vit:~tion."
By
C.
V.
BOYS,
P.lt.S.,
A.It.S.M.,
Assist:~nt
Professor
of' Physics,Royul College
of
Scicncc,
South l<el;singtor~.
Reccivctl
May
31,
1894.
(i\bstr:~ct.)The Ncwtonian constant of gravitation
G,
i.c.,
thc forcc in dyncsbetween2grams of matter
1
cm. apart, has been determined with avery accurately cor~structed iece of appi~ratus, esigned on thc lincswhich
I
laid tlown in my paper on the Cavenriish
experiment
('
Roy.Soc. Proc.', vol.
46,
p.
293).
The impor.tant dimensions arc approxi-matel
y-
Distance betwecn centres of lcatl balls
in
plnn
. .
6
in. 
, ,
gold
,,
.
.
0.9
in.
 
Diarr~cter f lead balls
......................
4
in. 
,,
gold
,,
......................
0.2
and
0.25
ill.Diflerenoe of level bctwcc:~~
6
it].
ight and left sides
.
The lead balls wcrc hung by phospl~or ronze wires from pillars
in
the lid of thc apparat>as,and the gold balls by quartz fibres from theends of the
"
bcam mirror."Tlle beam mirror was supported
by
w
qilartz fibre,
17
in. from
a
torsion head.
An
elaborate jystern
of
screens protectcr! thc apparatus from teniperatu1.e variations.
An
"optical compass" of extreme prccisiorl was employed
in
measuring
the horizontal dist:~rrces bctwccn the fibres :md betwecnthe wires, which alone among the geometrical magnitudes necd
be
lrnown with
a
vcry high degree of precision.The scale was
9
ft. long, cllividcd into 50th~ l an intah.
It
waspli~ced t a distance cqual to 14,000 div-isions.
It
conld
be
rear! withcertainty to 1/10 division.The deflections va~.ierl ccording to thccircumstances of each cxpcrimcrlt from
351
to
577
divisions, and
the
squares of the periods from
35,431
to
58,519
secs.l
K
2

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