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Identical particles

1.1 Some simple considerations

1.2 Bosons and fermions

1.3 Antisymmetric and symmetric two-particle states

1.5 Antisymmetric and symmetric many-particle states

1.6 Exercises

Second quantization

2.1 Fermion addition and removal operators

2.2 Boson addition and removal operators

2.3 One-body operators in Fock space

2.4 Two-body operators in Fock space

2.5 Examples

2.6 Exercises

Independent-particle model for
fermions in finite systems

3.1 General results and the independent-particle model

3.2 Electrons in atoms

3.3 Nucleons in nuclei

3.3.1 Empirical Mass Formula and Nuclear Matter

3.4 Second quantization and isospin

3.5 Exercises

Two-particle states and interactions

4.1 Symmetry considerations for two-particle states

4.1.1 Free-particle states

4.1.2 Pauli principle for two-particle states

4.2 Two particles outside closed shells

4.3 General discussion of two-body interactions

4.4 Examples of relevant two-body interactions

4.5 Exercises

Noninteracting bosons and fermions

5.1 The Fermi gas at zero temperature

5.2 Electron gas

5.3 Nuclear and neutron matter

5.4 Helium liquids

5.5 Some statistical mechanics

5.6 Bosons at finite T

5.6.1 Bose-Einstein condensation in infinite systems

5.6.2 Bose-Einstein condensation in traps

5.7 Fermions at finite T

5.7.1 Noninteracting fermion systems

5.7.2 Fermion atoms in traps

5.8 Exercises

Propagators in one-particle quantum
mechanics

6.1 Time evolution and propagators

6.2 Expansion of the propagator and diagram rules

6.2.1 Diagram rules for the single-particle propagator

6.3 Solution for discrete states

6.4 Scattering theory using propagators

6.4.1 Partial waves and phase shifts

6.5 Exercises

Single-particle propagator in the
many-body system

7.1 Fermion single-particle propagator

7.2 Lehmann representation

7.3 Spectral functions

7.5 Propagator for noninteracting systems

7.6 Direct knockout reactions

7.7 Discussion of (e,2e) data for atoms

7.8 Discussion of (e, e'p) data for nuclei

7.9 Exercises

Perturbation expansion of the
single-particle propagator

8.1 Time evolution in the interaction picture

8.2 Perturbation expansion in the interaction

8.3 Lowest-order contributions and diagrams

8.4 Wick's theorem

8.5 Diagrams

8.6 Diagram rules

8.6.1 Time-dependent version

Dyson equation and self-consistent
Green's functions

9.2 Equation of motion method for propagators

9.3 Two-particle propagator, vertex function, and self-
energy

9.4 Dyson equation and the vertex function

9.5 Schrodinger-like equation from the Dyson equation

9.6 Exercises

10.1 The Hartree-Fock formalism

10.1.1 Derivation of the Hartree-Fock equations

10.1.2 The Hartree-Fock propagator

10.1.3 Variational content of the HF approximation

10.1.4 HF in coordinate space

10.1.5 Unrestricted and restricted Hartree-Fock

10.2 Atoms

10.2.1 Closed-shell configurations

10.2.2 Comparison with experimental data

10.2.3 Numerical details

10.2.4 Computer exercise

10.3 Molecules

10.3.1 Molecular problems

10.3.2 Hartree-Fock with a finite discrete basis set

10.3.3 The hydrogen molecule

10.4 Hartree—Fock in infinite systems

10.5 Electron gas

10.6 Nuclear matter

10.7 Exercises

Beyond the mean-field approximation

11.1 The second-order self-energy

11.2 Solution of the Dyson equation

11.2.1 Diagonal approximation

11.2.2 Link with perturbation theory

11.2.3 Sum rules

11.2.4 General (nondiagonal) self-energy

11.3 Second order in infinite systems

11.3.1 Dispersion relations

11.3.2 Behavior near the Fermi energy

11.3.3 Spectral function

11.4 Exact self-energy in infinite systems

11.4.1 General considerations

11.4.2 Self-energy and spectral function

11.4.3 Quasiparticles

11.4.4 Migdal-Luttinger theorem

11.4.5 Quasiparticle propagation and lifetime

11.5 Self-consistent treatment of S<2

11.5.1 Schematic model

11.5.2 Nuclei

11.5.3 Atoms

11.6 Exercises

Interacting boson systems

12.1 General considerations

12.1.1 Boson single-particle propagator

12.1.2Noninteracting boson propagator

12.1.3 The condensate in an interacting Bose system

12.1.4 Equations of motion

12.2 Perturbation expansions and the condensate

12.2.1 Breakdown of Wick's theorem

12.2.2 Equivalent fermion problem

12.3 Hartree—Bose approximation

12.3.1 Derivation of the Hartree-Bose equation

12.3.2 Hartree-Bose ground-state energy

12.3.3 Physical interpretation

12.3.4 Variational content

12.3.5 Hartree-Bose expressions in coordinate space

12.4 Gross—Pitaevskii equation for dilute systems

12.4.1 Pseudopotential

12.4.2 Quick reminder of low-energy scattering

12.4.3 The T-matrix

12.4.4 Gross-Pitaevskii equation

12.4.5 Confined bosons in harmonic traps

13.1 Polarization propagator

13.2 Random Phase Approximation

13.3 RPA in finite systems and the schematic model

13.4 Energy-weighted sum rule

13.5 Excited states in atoms

13.6 Correlation energy and ring diagrams

13.7 RPA in angular momentum coupled representation

13.8 Exercises

Excited states in infinite systems

14.1 RPA in infinite systems

14.2 Lowest-order polarization propagator in an infinite

14.4.2 Correlation energy of the electron gas in RPA

14.6 Excitations of a normal Fermi liquid

14.7 Exercises

Excited states in N ± 2 systems and
in-medium scattering

15.1 Two-time two-particle propagator

15.1.1 Scattering of two particles in free space

15.1.2 Bound states of two particles

15.2 Ladder diagrams and short-range correlations in the
medium

15.2.1 Scattering of mean-field particles in the medium

15.3 Cooper problem and pairing instability

15.4 Exercises

Dynamical treatment of the
self-energy in infinite systems

16.1 Diagram rules in uniform systems

16.2 Self-energy in the electron gas

16.2.1 Electron self-energy in the G^W^ approximation

16.2.2 Electron self-energy in the GWapproximation

16.2.3 Energy per particle of the electron gas

16.3 Nucleon properties in nuclear matter

16.3.1 Ladder diagrams and the self-energy

16.3.2 Spectral function obtained from mean-field input

16.3.3 Self-consistent spectral functions

16.3.4 Saturation properties of nuclear matter

16.4 Exercises

Dynamical treatment of the
self-energy in finite systems

17.1 Influence of collective excitations at low energy

17.1.1 Second-order effects with G-matrix interactions

17.1.2 Inclusion of collective excitations in the self-energy

17.2 Self-consistent pphh RPA in finite systems

17.3 Short-range correlations in finite nuclei

17.4 Properties of protons in nuclei

17.5 Exercises

Bogoliubov perturbation expansion
for the Bose gas

18.1 The Bose gas

18.2 Bogoliubov prescription

18.2.1 Particle-number nonconservation

18.2.2 The chemical potential

18.2.3 Propagator

18.3 Bogoliubov perturbation expansion

18.4 Hugenholtz-Pines theorem

18.5 First-order results

18.6 Dilute Bose gas with repulsive forces

18.7 Canonical transformation for the Bose gas

18.8 Exercises

Boson perturbation theory applied to
physical systems

19.1 Superfluidity in liquid 4

19.1.2 Phenomenological descriptions

19.2 The dynamic structure function

19.2.1 Inclusive scattering

19.3.1 The bosonic Bogoliubov transformation

19.3.2 Bogoliubov prescription for nonuniform systems

19.3.3 Bogoliubov-de Gennes equations

19.4 Number-conserving approach

19.5 Exercises

In-medium interaction and scattering
of dressed particles

20.1 Propagation of dressed particles in wave-vector space

20.2 Propagation of dressed particles in coordinate space

20.3 Scattering of particles in the medium

20.4 Exercises

Conserving approximations and
excited states

21.1 Equations of motion and conservation laws

21.1.1 The field picture

21.1.2 Equations of motion in the field picture

21.1.3 Conservation laws and approximations

21.2 Linear response and extensions of RPA

21.2.1 Brief encounter with functional derivatives

21.2.2 Linear response and functional derivatives

21.3 Ward—Pitaevskii relations for a Fermi liquid

21.4 Examples of conserving approximations

21.4.1 Hartree-Fock and the RPA approximation

21.4.3 Extension of the RPA including second-order terms

21.4.4 Practical ingredients of ERPA calculations

21.5 Excited states in nuclei

21.6 Exercises

Pairing phenomena

22.1 General considerations

22.2 Anomalous propagators in the Fermi gas

22.3 Diagrammatic expansion in a superconducting system

22.4 The BCS gap equation

22.5 Canonical BCS transformation

22.6 Applications

22.6.1 Superconductivity in metals

22.6.2 Superfluid 3

22.6.3 Superfluidity in neutron stars

22.7 Inhomogeneous systems

22.8 Exact solutions of schematic pairing problems

22.8.1 Richards on-Gaudin equations

22.9 Exercises

A.I Schrodinger picture

A.2 Interaction picture

A.3 Heisenberg picture

Bibliography

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Many-Body Theory Exposed, Dickhoff W, World Sci 2005Ratings: (0)|Views: 610|Likes: 6

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https://www.scribd.com/doc/64004134/Many-Body-Theory-Exposed-Dickhoff-W-World-Sci-2005

12/30/2012

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