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Table Of Contents

Identical particles
1.1 Some simple considerations
1.2 Bosons and fermions
1.3 Antisymmetric and symmetric two-particle states
1.5 Antisymmetric and symmetric many-particle states
1.6 Exercises
Second quantization
2.1 Fermion addition and removal operators
2.2 Boson addition and removal operators
2.3 One-body operators in Fock space
2.4 Two-body operators in Fock space
2.5 Examples
2.6 Exercises
Independent-particle model for fermions in finite systems
3.1 General results and the independent-particle model
3.2 Electrons in atoms
3.3 Nucleons in nuclei
3.3.1 Empirical Mass Formula and Nuclear Matter
3.4 Second quantization and isospin
3.5 Exercises
Two-particle states and interactions
4.1 Symmetry considerations for two-particle states
4.1.1 Free-particle states
4.1.2 Pauli principle for two-particle states
4.2 Two particles outside closed shells
4.3 General discussion of two-body interactions
4.4 Examples of relevant two-body interactions
4.5 Exercises
Noninteracting bosons and fermions
5.1 The Fermi gas at zero temperature
5.2 Electron gas
5.3 Nuclear and neutron matter
5.4 Helium liquids
5.5 Some statistical mechanics
5.6 Bosons at finite T
5.6.1 Bose-Einstein condensation in infinite systems
5.6.2 Bose-Einstein condensation in traps
5.7 Fermions at finite T
5.7.1 Noninteracting fermion systems
5.7.2 Fermion atoms in traps
5.8 Exercises
Propagators in one-particle quantum mechanics
6.1 Time evolution and propagators
6.2 Expansion of the propagator and diagram rules
6.2.1 Diagram rules for the single-particle propagator
6.3 Solution for discrete states
6.4 Scattering theory using propagators
6.4.1 Partial waves and phase shifts
6.5 Exercises
Single-particle propagator in the many-body system
7.1 Fermion single-particle propagator
7.2 Lehmann representation
7.3 Spectral functions
7.5 Propagator for noninteracting systems
7.6 Direct knockout reactions
7.7 Discussion of (e,2e) data for atoms
7.8 Discussion of (e, e'p) data for nuclei
7.9 Exercises
Perturbation expansion of the single-particle propagator
8.1 Time evolution in the interaction picture
8.2 Perturbation expansion in the interaction
8.3 Lowest-order contributions and diagrams
8.4 Wick's theorem
8.5 Diagrams
8.6 Diagram rules
8.6.1 Time-dependent version
Dyson equation and self-consistent Green's functions
9.2 Equation of motion method for propagators
9.3 Two-particle propagator, vertex function, and self- energy
9.4 Dyson equation and the vertex function
9.5 Schrodinger-like equation from the Dyson equation
9.6 Exercises
10.1 The Hartree-Fock formalism
10.1.1 Derivation of the Hartree-Fock equations
10.1.2 The Hartree-Fock propagator
10.1.3 Variational content of the HF approximation
10.1.4 HF in coordinate space
10.1.5 Unrestricted and restricted Hartree-Fock
10.2 Atoms
10.2.1 Closed-shell configurations
10.2.2 Comparison with experimental data
10.2.3 Numerical details
10.2.4 Computer exercise
10.3 Molecules
10.3.1 Molecular problems
10.3.2 Hartree-Fock with a finite discrete basis set
10.3.3 The hydrogen molecule
10.4 Hartree—Fock in infinite systems
10.5 Electron gas
10.6 Nuclear matter
10.7 Exercises
Beyond the mean-field approximation
11.1 The second-order self-energy
11.2 Solution of the Dyson equation
11.2.1 Diagonal approximation
11.2.2 Link with perturbation theory
11.2.3 Sum rules
11.2.4 General (nondiagonal) self-energy
11.3 Second order in infinite systems
11.3.1 Dispersion relations
11.3.2 Behavior near the Fermi energy
11.3.3 Spectral function
11.4 Exact self-energy in infinite systems
11.4.1 General considerations
11.4.2 Self-energy and spectral function
11.4.3 Quasiparticles
11.4.4 Migdal-Luttinger theorem
11.4.5 Quasiparticle propagation and lifetime
11.5 Self-consistent treatment of S<2
11.5.1 Schematic model
11.5.2 Nuclei
11.5.3 Atoms
11.6 Exercises
Interacting boson systems
12.1 General considerations
12.1.1 Boson single-particle propagator
12.1.2Noninteracting boson propagator
12.1.3 The condensate in an interacting Bose system
12.1.4 Equations of motion
12.2 Perturbation expansions and the condensate
12.2.1 Breakdown of Wick's theorem
12.2.2 Equivalent fermion problem
12.3 Hartree—Bose approximation
12.3.1 Derivation of the Hartree-Bose equation
12.3.2 Hartree-Bose ground-state energy
12.3.3 Physical interpretation
12.3.4 Variational content
12.3.5 Hartree-Bose expressions in coordinate space
12.4 Gross—Pitaevskii equation for dilute systems
12.4.1 Pseudopotential
12.4.2 Quick reminder of low-energy scattering
12.4.3 The T-matrix
12.4.4 Gross-Pitaevskii equation
12.4.5 Confined bosons in harmonic traps
13.1 Polarization propagator
13.2 Random Phase Approximation
13.3 RPA in finite systems and the schematic model
13.4 Energy-weighted sum rule
13.5 Excited states in atoms
13.6 Correlation energy and ring diagrams
13.7 RPA in angular momentum coupled representation
13.8 Exercises
Excited states in infinite systems
14.1 RPA in infinite systems
14.2 Lowest-order polarization propagator in an infinite
14.4.2 Correlation energy of the electron gas in RPA
14.6 Excitations of a normal Fermi liquid
14.7 Exercises
Excited states in N ± 2 systems and in-medium scattering
15.1 Two-time two-particle propagator
15.1.1 Scattering of two particles in free space
15.1.2 Bound states of two particles
15.2 Ladder diagrams and short-range correlations in the medium
15.2.1 Scattering of mean-field particles in the medium
15.3 Cooper problem and pairing instability
15.4 Exercises
Dynamical treatment of the self-energy in infinite systems
16.1 Diagram rules in uniform systems
16.2 Self-energy in the electron gas
16.2.1 Electron self-energy in the G^W^ approximation
16.2.2 Electron self-energy in the GWapproximation
16.2.3 Energy per particle of the electron gas
16.3 Nucleon properties in nuclear matter
16.3.1 Ladder diagrams and the self-energy
16.3.2 Spectral function obtained from mean-field input
16.3.3 Self-consistent spectral functions
16.3.4 Saturation properties of nuclear matter
16.4 Exercises
Dynamical treatment of the self-energy in finite systems
17.1 Influence of collective excitations at low energy
17.1.1 Second-order effects with G-matrix interactions
17.1.2 Inclusion of collective excitations in the self-energy
17.2 Self-consistent pphh RPA in finite systems
17.3 Short-range correlations in finite nuclei
17.4 Properties of protons in nuclei
17.5 Exercises
Bogoliubov perturbation expansion for the Bose gas
18.1 The Bose gas
18.2 Bogoliubov prescription
18.2.1 Particle-number nonconservation
18.2.2 The chemical potential
18.2.3 Propagator
18.3 Bogoliubov perturbation expansion
18.4 Hugenholtz-Pines theorem
18.5 First-order results
18.6 Dilute Bose gas with repulsive forces
18.7 Canonical transformation for the Bose gas
18.8 Exercises
Boson perturbation theory applied to physical systems
19.1 Superfluidity in liquid 4
19.1.2 Phenomenological descriptions
19.2 The dynamic structure function
19.2.1 Inclusive scattering
19.3.1 The bosonic Bogoliubov transformation
19.3.2 Bogoliubov prescription for nonuniform systems
19.3.3 Bogoliubov-de Gennes equations
19.4 Number-conserving approach
19.5 Exercises
In-medium interaction and scattering of dressed particles
20.1 Propagation of dressed particles in wave-vector space
20.2 Propagation of dressed particles in coordinate space
20.3 Scattering of particles in the medium
20.4 Exercises
Conserving approximations and excited states
21.1 Equations of motion and conservation laws
21.1.1 The field picture
21.1.2 Equations of motion in the field picture
21.1.3 Conservation laws and approximations
21.2 Linear response and extensions of RPA
21.2.1 Brief encounter with functional derivatives
21.2.2 Linear response and functional derivatives
21.3 Ward—Pitaevskii relations for a Fermi liquid
21.4 Examples of conserving approximations
21.4.1 Hartree-Fock and the RPA approximation
21.4.3 Extension of the RPA including second-order terms
21.4.4 Practical ingredients of ERPA calculations
21.5 Excited states in nuclei
21.6 Exercises
Pairing phenomena
22.1 General considerations
22.2 Anomalous propagators in the Fermi gas
22.3 Diagrammatic expansion in a superconducting system
22.4 The BCS gap equation
22.5 Canonical BCS transformation
22.6 Applications
22.6.1 Superconductivity in metals
22.6.2 Superfluid 3
22.6.3 Superfluidity in neutron stars
22.7 Inhomogeneous systems
22.8 Exact solutions of schematic pairing problems
22.8.1 Richards on-Gaudin equations
22.9 Exercises
A.I Schrodinger picture
A.2 Interaction picture
A.3 Heisenberg picture
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Many-Body Theory Exposed, Dickhoff W, World Sci 2005

Many-Body Theory Exposed, Dickhoff W, World Sci 2005

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Published by Hugo Gar Tec

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Published by: Hugo Gar Tec on Sep 05, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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