believe was the first useful soft-ware program to model Yagi antennas. Theprogram was written in FORTRAN andrequired a large mainframe computer like theIBM
Morris discovered how to computegain. pattern. and the impedance of a Yagi.Morris' program was probably the basis forthe early work done by the late Dr. JamesLawson, W2PV. His classic set of articles waspublished in the early 1980s in
mag-azine and later summarized in his book,
aterobtained a copy of the Morris program andmodified it to optimize
Since the mid- 1980s, modeling programssuch as NEC (Numerical ElectromagneticsCode) and MlNlNEC (a smaller program basedon NEC) have been avai1able.j Both programshave now been optimized for the personal com-puter
market and incorporated withinmany software programs that are available tothe general public at reasonable prices. 'Thebeauty of these modeling programs is that weno longer have to get dirty hands and achingbacks cutting aluminum and testing a new Yagidesign in the field until we have an acceptableworking antenna. We can now "cut-and-try" aYagi antenna design for maximum gain.
ratio, impedance, or a combination of the threeby changing element lengths, diameters, andspacings using a
keyboard.For the more sophisticated designer, soft-ware programs are now available which. with aproperly weighted set of input parameters, willperform the optimization for you. All that'srequired is that you input a reasonable Yagidesign, properly weigh the tradeoffs or Figureof Merit (FOM), the relative importance ofeach antenna optimizing parameter such asgain, pattern, and impedance and, voila, outcomes
design. Now all you have to do isproperly interpret the computer results andbuild the antenna of your dreams!
The new field of modeling antennas on a PCis quite exciting, but the picture I've presented
Element diameter is
Diameters shown in
are for shorter boom lengths.
Figure 3.1,engths and spacing of a typical 50-ohm three-element Yagi, as mentioned in the text. Values shown inparentheses arefor the ~horter oom version. The diameter of all elements is 0.00105 wavelength (0.875 inch