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Table Of Contents

1 INTRODUCTION
1.1 Subject of the thesis
1.2 Problem definition
1.3 Objectives of the thesis
1.4 Scope and Limitation
1.5 Thesis outline
2.1 Small signal stability
2.3 Power System Stabilizer
2.3.2 Genetic Algorithm based PSS (GAPSS)
3 POWER SYSTEM MODELLING
3.1 Small Signal Dynamic Modelling
3.1.1 State – Space representation
3.1.2 Linearization
3.2 Machine modelling
3.2.1 Machine Modelling with Power System Stabilizer
3.3 Stability analysis
4.3.1 Selection
4.3.2 Crossover
4.3.3 Mutation
4.3.4 Reinsertion
4.3.5 Convergence and termination
Figure 4.3 Single point crossover
5 DIFFERENTIAL EVOLUTION (DE)
5.1 Advantage of DE over GA
5.2 Reason for using DE
5.3 Population structure
5.4 Initialization
5.5 Mutation
5.6 Recombination or crossover
5.7 Selection
6 PARAMETERS SETTING OF GA & DE
6.1 Objective function
6.2 PSS tuning approach
6.2.1 Simple Genetic Algorithm
Table 6.1 SGA parameters
6.2.2 Differential Evolution (DE)
Table 6.2 DE parameters
6.2.3 Tuning process
7 SIMULATION RESULTS AND DISCUSSIONS
7.1 Power System to be investigated
7.2 Operating conditions
Table 7.1 Operating conditions
7.3 PSS parameters
7.3.1 CPSS parameter selection
7.3.2 DEPSS and GAPSS parameters selection
Table 7.2 CPSS parameters
Table 7.3 Parameters boundaries
Table 7.4 DEPSS and GAPSS parameters
7.4 Simulations results
7.4.1 Eigenvalues analysis
Table 7.5 No PSS at minimum condition
Table 7.6 No PSS at nominal condition
Table 7.7 CPSS at nominal condition
Table 7.8 GAPSS at nominal condition
Table 7.9 DEPSS at nominal condition
Table 7.10 No PSS maximum condition
Table 7.11 CPSS at maximum condition
Table 7.12 GAPSS at maximum condition
Table 7.13 DEPSS at maximum condition
7.4.2 Time domain response
7.4.3 Robustness tests of PSSs
Table 7.17 Average PSSs damping ratio
Figure 7.4: Open - loop eigenvalues
8 CONCLUSION
9 RECOMMENDATIONS
REFERENCES
APPENDIX A: SYSTEM EQUATIONS
A.1 Equations of state square matrix variables
A.2 Heffron – Phillips diagram and constants
APPENDIX B: TUNING GUIDELINES FOR A CPSS
APPENDIX C: SYSTEM OPERATION
C.1 Single Machine Infinite Bus data
C.2 Load flow reports
APPENDIX D: MATLAB CODES & SIMULATION
D.1 simulation tools
Power System Toolbox
Operations
smibDriver.m
Model_maker & Step_testerMod.m
eigenShiftDE.m and eigenShiftGA.m
Program flow chart
D.2 MATLAB codes
pssOptimizer.m
dePSS.m
eigenshiftDE.m
gaPSS.m
eigenshiftGA.m
APPENDIX E: SIMULATION RESULTS DATA &
E.1 Data
E.2 Graphs
APPENDIX F: SOFTWARE CD
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Optimal Tuning of PSS Using EA

Optimal Tuning of PSS Using EA

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Published by: ashikhmd4467 on Sep 06, 2011
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07/26/2013

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