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OA 9608

OA 9608

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Published by Ed Palmer
Pershing II System Description, Martin Marietta, OA 9608
Pershing II System Description, Martin Marietta, OA 9608

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Published by: Ed Palmer on Sep 06, 2011
Copyright:Public Domain

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08/19/2014

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UNCLASSIFIED
OA
9608
UNCLASSIFIED
 
UNCLASSIFIED
t
UNCLASSIFIED
1
 
UNCLASSIFIED
(U) PERSHING PROGRAM HISTORY
(U)
The
Pershing development program was initiated
in
January 1958. Martin Marietta Aerospace was awarded the primecontract
in
March 1958. The first Pershing battalion was activated
at
Fort Sill
in
June
1962 and deployed
in
Europe
in
1964.
The
Pershing I (PI) system was mounted on M-474 (modified M-113) tracked vehicles.
(U)
Initial assignment of
the
quick reaction alert (ORA) mission
to
Pershing units
in
Europe was
in
1965.
To
increase
the
system's ability
to
shoot, move, and communicate
in
the QRA role,
the
Pershing
Ia
system was developed. This system replaced
the
tracked vehicles with wheeled vehicles, including an improved erector launcher allowing a faster rate
of
fire, and was initiallydeployed
in
Europe in 1969. Additional system improvements, including
the
automatic reference system (ARS) and sequentiallaunch adapter (SLA), were fielded
in
1976.
The
ARS provided automatic alignment
of
the missiles inertial reference system with
out
presurveyed sites, and
the
SLA allowed
countdown
and launching of three missiles without moving
the
launch equipment andcables.
(U)
The
400th
Pershing missile was fired by a German crew
at
the White Sands Missile Range on 15 October 1980. At
that
time,
the
Army Pershing program manager noted
that
the
Pershing system had established a commendable record
in
schedule, cost,and reliability, making it a
top
contender for
themost
successful major weapon system developed by the United States.
UNCLASSIFIED
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