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Pershing in Europe

Pershing in Europe

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Published by Ed Palmer
Pershing in Europe, United States Army, 56th Field Artillery Brigade
Pershing in Europe, United States Army, 56th Field Artillery Brigade

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Published by: Ed Palmer on Sep 06, 2011
Copyright:Public Domain

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10/10/2013

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2s
,
-.
%-"
56th
FieldArtilleryBrigade
 
The
Powhlng
System
-
n
Brief
Comeived In late 1957 to replace the Redstonemissile system, the orlglnal system-Pershing I--becamethe Army's most wccessful weapon systern. Delivered toU.S. Army
artillery
units in August, 1963. the wper-sonic 400-mile range ballistic missile was deployed wlthbattalions stationed in the United States and Europe. Amajor part of the nuclear deterrent shieidlng westernEurope. Persh~ng was asslgned the mlssion of QuickReaction Alert (QRA) in support of the North AtlantlcTreaty Organlzatlon (NATO). Pershing's abillty to shoot,move, and communicate In
its
QRA role has beenImproved with development of the secondqeneratlonsystewpershing 1-A. Fast erecting launchers and solidstate electronics contribute to a more rapid rate of fireand even greater rellability. The biggest change in out-ward appearance
is
the shift from tracked to wheeledequipment carriers. internal advances Include anautomatic countdown facility, computer devices, and
2
capability for automatic self-test and malfunction iso-lation. in addltlon, the secondqeneratlon system with
tS
improved ground support equipment and newBattery Control Central provide increased reliabilityand fiexibility, additional ease of maintenance, lowermission cost, and enhanced operational time.
Radlo Terminal
Set
The Radio Terminal Set (RTS) furnishes line-of-sight or tropospheric-scatter voice and teletype linkagewith higher headquarters. The van housing the equip-ment
is
topped with an inflatable parabolic antennawhich folds into
a
recess in the roof during travel. Inadditlon to the RTS, a new slngle sideband voice systempermits increaurd communications between higher head-quarters and PI-A operatiomi elements.The trailer-housed System Components Test Station(SCTS) provides a close rear-area
maintenance
capabilityas well as the stimuli and measurement capability for alltest items. Comblnlng the P1 Components Test Stationand System Test Statlon, the SCTS offers
a
mobile facil-ity for electronlc chassis and missile section repair workin the field. Work space
is
also available inside the teststation for two guidance and control sections.
PERSHING
IN
EUROPE
-
Page
2
 
Equipment
Battory
Control Contral
The Battery Control Central (BCC) provides facilitiesfor command and control over all operations at thefiring site. Power for the laterally expandable van and Itscommunlcatlons equipment
is
supplied by a towedgenerator. When a missile 1sready for launch.theflre but-tons can be pressed from inside the BCC or, It necessary,the fire box can be removed and operated from
a
remote
location.
The BCC, coupled wlth the RTS and slnglesideband system, assures the capacity for slmultamusheadquarters mmmunicatlon with all firing batteries.
Emctor
Launchor
The Erector-Launcher(EL)
is
used as acomblnatlon launching platform and trans.
portnr
for the missile. At the launch slte, thewarhead sectlon is jolned to the mlssile bodywith the ald of a
hydraulic
davlt assemblymounted on the front of the launchar.
he
EL
can ralse thr missilr to thr vertlcal posi-tion fpm
Its
horizontal traveling positionthrough the use of hydraulic pneumatk llftsin
a
matter of seconds.Designed for reliablllty, the Programmer-Test Statlon(PTS) has been completely computerked. Provlding themeans for rapld missile check-out and countdown, thePTS Is also capable olautomaticrlf-test and malfunctlon
Isolation.
Eledronk packaging, featuring replaceableplug-in mkromodules, allows the operator to performfault iwlatlon at the firing site.
A
turblnedrlven PowerStation, mounted behind the PTS, furnishes electricalpower to the missile and othergmund support equipment.
PERSUING
IN
EUROPE
.
aso
3

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