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Manual Testing Questions and Answers

Manual Testing Questions and Answers

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Published by: anon-918573 on Oct 06, 2008
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05/23/2013

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PRABU M | Mobile: +91 9884206824 | Email: prabumps@yahoo.co.in Page
1
 
1.
 
What is testing?
Testing is a process of executing the program with the intent of finding errors.Testing the application against satisfied the user requirements or not.
2.
 
Types of testing?
Manual and automation testing.
3.
 
Testing techniques?
Block box and white box testing.
4.
 
Levels of testing?
Unit, Integration, System and User acceptance testing.
5.
 
What is block box testing?
Testing based on external view of application.Tests are based on requirements and functionality.The testers simply giving the input to the system and check the outputs.
6.
 
Block box testing techniques?Boundary Value Analysis
: To find whether the application is accepting the expected range of valuesand rejecting the out of values.
7.
 
White box testing?
Testing based on internal logic of the program.Testing is focused on how the operations performed inside program.
8.
 
What is Verification?
Checks whether we are building the right system / right product.Verification strategies contains1.
 
Requirement review, 2. Design review, 3. Code walkthrough, 4. Code inspection.
9.
 
What is Validation?
Checks whether we are building the system right / product right.Validation strategies containsUnit testing, Integration testing, system testing, performance testing, user acceptance testing,installation testing, alpha testing and beta testing.
10.
 
What is Quality Assurance?
QA is a planed and systematic set of activities.QC is staff function, which will monitoring and measuring the strength of development process iscalled QA.QA is necessary to provide adequate confidence to their products and services will confirm to specifiedrequirements and meet user needs.QA is the responsibility for entire team.QA is a Defect Prevention and it is a process oriented.
11.
 
What is Quality Control?
QC is the team or department, which will check or validate the software after development is finished.QC is the part of QA.QC is the responsibility of the tester.QC is a Defect detection and correction, it is a process oriented.
12.
 
What is Sanity Testing?
An initial testing, effort to accept the build. (with out comparing the test cases).Are used only to validate the higher functionality.
13.
 
What is Smoke testing?
To test the major requirements / essential functionalities.When time period is shot for testing.
14.
 
What is Unit Testing?
Testing each and every micro field of an application is called unit testing.The basic input and output are tested, along with their functionality.Based on LLD, Unit test plan (UTP) and unit test case (UTC) are prepared and reviewed.
15.
 
What is integration testing?
Interface between the modules is tested which includes internal and external interface.
16.
 
What is system testing?
The entire application is tested is called system testing.
17.
 
What is User acceptance testing?
Performed by the client at their place with their requirements.
18.
 
What is Regression testing?
Regression test will make sure that on e fix does not create some other problem in theirprogram/other interface. So a set of related test cases repeated again. To make sure that nothing elseis affected buy fix.Whenever a new build has come regression testing should be done.
19.
 
What is Retesting?
To check whether the bug is fixed or not.
 
PRABU M | Mobile: +91 9884206824 | Email: prabumps@yahoo.co.in Page
2
 
20.
 
What is Ad-hoc testing?
Ad-hoc testing is the testing without using the test plan, test case or test procedures. It’s notorganized, not repeatable, and can’t be tracked.
21.
 
What is Alpha testing?
Alpha testing is a testing of an application, when the development is nearing completion. This is doneat developer’s side.
22.
 
What is Beta testing?
The product is provided to a limited set of audience, who ultimately going to use the product. Thus theproduct faces a real time test this is known as beta testing.
23.
 
What is SDLC?
The process of developing new software from its initial conception to its public release is the SDLC andit involves in 5 stages of:I. Requirement and Analysis phase,2. Design phase,3. Coding phase,4. Testing phase and5. Implementation and Maintenance phase.24.
What is water fall model?
 In this model, when one phase will complete we go to another phase. Requirement is clear.1.
 
Requirement Analysis2.
 
Design3.
 
Coding4.
 
Testing5.
 
Implementation and maintenance
Advantage:
Testing phase is separately.
Disadvantage
: Moving back to previous is not possible and Time losing.
24.
 
What is V model?
V model is a combination of verification and validation model.In this model the development phase and testing phase takes simultaneously.
Advantage:
Immediate rectification of errors is possible and Time consumption.
Disadvantage:
This model does not provide a clear path for problems, which occur during the testingphase.
25.
 
What is Test Strategy?
Test Strategy describes the general approach and objectives of the test activities.
26.
 
What is Test Plan?
Test Plan is a document.A test plan is a useful way to think through the efforts needed to validate the acceptability of softwareproduct.The completed document will help people outside the test group understand the “why” and “how” of product validation.Contents of Test Plan1.
 
Purpose2.
 
Scope3.
 
Test Approach4.
 
Entry Criteria5.
 
Task / Responsibilities6.
 
Exit Criteria7.
 
Schedules / Milestones8.
 
Hardware and Software Requirements9.
 
Risks and Mitigation Plans10.
 
Tools to be used11.
 
Deliverables12.
 
References13.
 
Annexure14.
 
Sign-Off 
27.
 
What is Test Case?
Test case is a set of statements, it contains1.
 
Test Case Id2.
 
Navigation/Description3.
 
Input – Field / Value4.
 
Expected Result5.
 
Actual Result6.
 
Pass/Fail7.
 
Remarks

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