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The relstionship between Chinese Ba-Gua (Eight Diagrams), Math and Chess

# The relstionship between Chinese Ba-Gua (Eight Diagrams), Math and Chess

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05/12/2013

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何数棋谜

The Frankho Ba Gua Math

Frankho Eight Diagrams Math™
HoMath and Chess

不见题只见谜中谜

只见棋谜不见题

劝君迷路不哭涕

健脑思维眞神奇

In 2011, I read a news piece (1) about a city (

b
ā

guà chéng)
in China, whichhas streets designed in Chinese Ba Gua shape and there were no traffic lights installed but traffic can flow with no major headaches. This piece of information got my intereston the mystique of Ba Gua. Since I have been creating mathematics workbooks usingmy invention of Geometry Chess Symbols (2) so I very quickly realize that the 8directions the Ba Gua points to have a direct link to
the queens’
8 moves in chess.Intuitively I know I could use Ba Gua to create a unique kind of mathematical puzzles toentertain children for education purpose. Because of the close relationships between aBa Gua and chess, here I created the world first mathematics puzzle which links Ba Gua,chess, and mathematics.I
like the philosophy that Ba Gua’s view about universe. This very much resembles
tothe concept of math exponential number with base 2. I also like the idea of using Taiji tostart with the puzzle as a focal point. The Chinese Yi-Ching describes Taiji as follows.

;

:
即少陰、太陰、少陽、太陽、

The above translation in English is as follows.The Limitless(Wuji

) produces the delimited (Yuji
有極
)
, and this is the Absolute(Taiji

).The Taiji produces two forms, namedyin (
(
陽
)
.The two forms produce four phenomena,named lesser yin, great yin (taiyin also meanstheMoon), lesser yang, great yang (taiyang also means theSun). The four phenomena act on the eight trigrams (ba gua), eight eights are sixty-four hexagrams.

何数棋谜

The Frankho Ba Gua Math

Frankho Eight Diagrams Math™
HoMath and Chess
In creating the Ba Gua math puzzles, I try to convey a few ideas to children who work on these puzzles. These ideas are:1.

There are no obvious written questions presented when first looking at the puzzle.This is an excellent training for children to learn on how to
mine data in today’s
information age. In other words, data may be presented to our future generationsin tables, patterns, diagrams, or through hand-held devices. Many children areusing cell phones to get information they want and the miniature 5 by 5chessboard which children will see in Frankho Ba Gua puzzle is actuallysimulating a hand-held device. By using the chessboard (simulating cell phonescreen), a student starts a math puzzle.2.

The chessboard and math puzzle have no written directions but children are ableto figure out what to do by using Geometry Chess Symbols and comprehendingtheir abstract meanings which these symbols represent after a teac
her’s
explanation and demonstration. The instructions are directed by using Ba Gua andchess moves and this trains a child to be comfortable with symbols and learns todecipher symbols and transfer them in to concrete ideas at very young age.3.

In today’s information e
ra, pieces of information come not only from books, butalso from other diversified sources such as internet. Children learn to analyze andsynthesize all kinds of information by information gathering from differentsources. Frankho Ba Gua puzzle is designed to train a child to take a divergent(outflow for the centre of a chessboard) view and also a convergent view (byworking backward to the centre of Ba Gua on math problem to get further answers). This thinking process is very similar to the view how a chess player shall play chess that is not only just looking at how to make a move but alsolooking at what the opponent is trying to do. This divergent and convergent viewis much similar to the math concept of function and Frankho Ba Gua puzzle isactually teaching the concept of function through a math puzzle.The mathematical function children are doing is as follows:

))),
   
) = value of each 8 math problems,
      
                   

    

何数棋谜

The Frankho Ba Gua Math

Frankho Eight Diagrams Math™
HoMath and Chess
     
      
Frankho Ba Gua puzzle offers an excellent opportunity for a child to learn how todo math visually by moving data around and by working backward andconducting table look-up to get the intermediate answers. It also teachesdirections and keeps children engaged while working on math at all times until thefinal answer is reached.4.

While children work on Frankho Ba Gua puzzle, they will have many questionsthroughout the time they work on, so it gives ample opportunities for children toengage conversations with their teachers and as a result, teachers get to know
children’ math ability
in depth by observing how each child works on math problems.5.

Ba Gua shows binary trigrams so they can be used to teach number system.6.

Frankho Ba Gua puzzle is different from all other puzzles because it is a project-oriented puzzle, not a single puzzle problem. They are not designed to be used asdaily work problems for children, rather each problem is a project for children towork on with fun and challenging,7.

Chinese Ba Gua is very closely related to the international chess in terms of howeach piece moves and how they came together. I found out the relationship between Chinese Ba Gua and international chess after I read the article written byMr.
郭彧
(3). Mr.
郭彧
did not mention any relationship between Ba Gua andinternational chess in his article since his purpose of writing the article was to prove the mathematical soundness of Ba Gua by using a cube. However, throughthe diagram presented in his article I suddenly see the relationship between BaGua and international chess and I was amazed! I will use
郭彧
’s diagram (after
some modifications) to illustrate how Ba Gua is related to international chess.Since his article is difficult to get so I include it at the end of my article for reference.
郭彧
is using a cube to represent Ba Gua and from its eight directions, heconcludes the relationship between math and Ba Gua.