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The relstionship between Chinese Ba-Gua (Eight Diagrams), Math and Chess

The relstionship between Chinese Ba-Gua (Eight Diagrams), Math and Chess

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Published by Frank Ho
This article describes the relatiosship between Chinese Ba Gua, chess and math. Many copyrighted examples and worksheets are also given in this article.
This article describes the relatiosship between Chinese Ba Gua, chess and math. Many copyrighted examples and worksheets are also given in this article.

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Published by: Frank Ho on Sep 06, 2011
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 何数棋谜
 
数学智能开发与思维训练
 
The Frankho Ba Gua Math
 
何氏八卦数学
 
Frankho Eight Diagrams Math™
Trademark® TMA771400
HoMath and Chess
,www.mathandchess.comMade in Canada© 2011 Frank Ho, Amanda Ho, all rights reserved. Canada copyright number 1069744Student Name ___________________________________ Date ______________________________ 12 # 9
七巧板八卦九宫数
 
 不见题只见谜中谜
 
数学国际象棋谜题
 
全球第一独特发明
 
 只见棋谜不见题
 
 劝君迷路不哭涕
 
数学象棋加谜题
 
 健脑思维眞神奇
 
In 2011, I read a news piece (1) about a city (
八卦城
b
ā
 
guà chéng)
in China, whichhas streets designed in Chinese Ba Gua shape and there were no traffic lights installed but traffic can flow with no major headaches. This piece of information got my intereston the mystique of Ba Gua. Since I have been creating mathematics workbooks usingmy invention of Geometry Chess Symbols (2) so I very quickly realize that the 8directions the Ba Gua points to have a direct link to
the queens’
8 moves in chess.Intuitively I know I could use Ba Gua to create a unique kind of mathematical puzzles toentertain children for education purpose. Because of the close relationships between aBa Gua and chess, here I created the world first mathematics puzzle which links Ba Gua,chess, and mathematics.I
like the philosophy that Ba Gua’s view about universe. This very much resembles
tothe concept of math exponential number with base 2. I also like the idea of using Taiji tostart with the puzzle as a focal point. The Chinese Yi-Ching describes Taiji as follows.
無極生有極、有極是太極、
 
太極生兩儀、即陰陽
;
兩儀生四象
:
 即少陰、太陰、少陽、太陽、
 
四象演八卦、八八六十四卦
 
The above translation in English is as follows.The Limitless(Wuji
無極
) produces the delimited (Yuji
 有極
)
, and this is the Absolute(Taiji
太極
).The Taiji produces two forms, namedyin (
)
 (
 陽
)
.The two forms produce four phenomena,named lesser yin, great yin (taiyin also meanstheMoon), lesser yang, great yang (taiyang also means theSun). The four phenomena act on the eight trigrams (ba gua), eight eights are sixty-four hexagrams. 
 
 何数棋谜
 
数学智能开发与思维训练
 
The Frankho Ba Gua Math
 
何氏八卦数学
 
Frankho Eight Diagrams Math™
Trademark® TMA771400
HoMath and Chess
,www.mathandchess.comMade in Canada© 2011 Frank Ho, Amanda Ho, all rights reserved. Canada copyright number 1069744Student Name ___________________________________ Date ______________________________ 2
In creating the Ba Gua math puzzles, I try to convey a few ideas to children who work on these puzzles. These ideas are:1.
 
There are no obvious written questions presented when first looking at the puzzle.This is an excellent training for children to learn on how to
mine data in today’s
information age. In other words, data may be presented to our future generationsin tables, patterns, diagrams, or through hand-held devices. Many children areusing cell phones to get information they want and the miniature 5 by 5chessboard which children will see in Frankho Ba Gua puzzle is actuallysimulating a hand-held device. By using the chessboard (simulating cell phonescreen), a student starts a math puzzle.2.
 
The chessboard and math puzzle have no written directions but children are ableto figure out what to do by using Geometry Chess Symbols and comprehendingtheir abstract meanings which these symbols represent after a teac
her’s
explanation and demonstration. The instructions are directed by using Ba Gua andchess moves and this trains a child to be comfortable with symbols and learns todecipher symbols and transfer them in to concrete ideas at very young age.3.
 
In today’s information e
ra, pieces of information come not only from books, butalso from other diversified sources such as internet. Children learn to analyze andsynthesize all kinds of information by information gathering from differentsources. Frankho Ba Gua puzzle is designed to train a child to take a divergent(outflow for the centre of a chessboard) view and also a convergent view (byworking backward to the centre of Ba Gua on math problem to get further answers). This thinking process is very similar to the view how a chess player shall play chess that is not only just looking at how to make a move but alsolooking at what the opponent is trying to do. This divergent and convergent viewis much similar to the math concept of function and Frankho Ba Gua puzzle isactually teaching the concept of function through a math puzzle.The mathematical function children are doing is as follows:
 
))),
   
) = value of each 8 math problems,
      
                   
 
    
 
 
 何数棋谜
 
数学智能开发与思维训练
 
The Frankho Ba Gua Math
 
何氏八卦数学
 
Frankho Eight Diagrams Math™
Trademark® TMA771400
HoMath and Chess
,www.mathandchess.comMade in Canada© 2011 Frank Ho, Amanda Ho, all rights reserved. Canada copyright number 1069744Student Name ___________________________________ Date ______________________________ 3
     
      
 Frankho Ba Gua puzzle offers an excellent opportunity for a child to learn how todo math visually by moving data around and by working backward andconducting table look-up to get the intermediate answers. It also teachesdirections and keeps children engaged while working on math at all times until thefinal answer is reached.4.
 
While children work on Frankho Ba Gua puzzle, they will have many questionsthroughout the time they work on, so it gives ample opportunities for children toengage conversations with their teachers and as a result, teachers get to know
children’ math ability
in depth by observing how each child works on math problems.5.
 
Ba Gua shows binary trigrams so they can be used to teach number system.6.
 
Frankho Ba Gua puzzle is different from all other puzzles because it is a project-oriented puzzle, not a single puzzle problem. They are not designed to be used asdaily work problems for children, rather each problem is a project for children towork on with fun and challenging,7.
 
Chinese Ba Gua is very closely related to the international chess in terms of howeach piece moves and how they came together. I found out the relationship between Chinese Ba Gua and international chess after I read the article written byMr.
 郭彧
(3). Mr.
 郭彧
did not mention any relationship between Ba Gua andinternational chess in his article since his purpose of writing the article was to prove the mathematical soundness of Ba Gua by using a cube. However, throughthe diagram presented in his article I suddenly see the relationship between BaGua and international chess and I was amazed! I will use
 郭彧
’s diagram (after 
some modifications) to illustrate how Ba Gua is related to international chess.Since his article is difficult to get so I include it at the end of my article for reference.
 郭彧
is using a cube to represent Ba Gua and from its eight directions, heconcludes the relationship between math and Ba Gua.

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