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Algebra II/Pre-Calculus/Trigonometry Cheat Sheet

# Algebra II/Pre-Calculus/Trigonometry Cheat Sheet

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My original cheat sheet can be found at ( http://www.scribd.com/doc/56676187/Pre-Calculus-Semester-2-Cheat-Sheet ).

And since I felt like some people may prefer the old cheat sheet more, I made this as a new document rather than an update.
My original cheat sheet can be found at ( http://www.scribd.com/doc/56676187/Pre-Calculus-Semester-2-Cheat-Sheet ).

And since I felt like some people may prefer the old cheat sheet more, I made this as a new document rather than an update.

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07/18/2013

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text

original

P
RODUCT

TO

SUM
I
DENTITIES

sin
a
cos
b
=
sin
(
a
+
b
)+
sin
(
a
b
)
2
cos
a
sin
b
=
sin
(
a
+
b
)−
sin
(
a
b
)
2
cos
a
cos
b
=
cos
(
a
+
b
)+
cos
(
a
b
)
2
sin
a
sin
b
=
cos
(
a
b
)−
cos
(
a
+
b
)
2
S
UM

TO

PRODUCT
I
DENTITIES

sin
a
+
sin
b
=
2sin
(
a
+
b
2
)
cos
(
a
b
2
)
sin
a
sin
b
=
2cos
(
a
+
b
2
)
sin
(
a
b
2
)
cos
a
+
cos
b
=
2cos
(
a
+
b
2
)
sin
(
a
b
2
)
cos
a
cos
b
=−
2sin
(
a
+
b
2
)
sin
(
a
b
2
)
D
EGREES

AND

1
ο
=Π
180
1
=
180
Ο
Π
G
RAPHING

SINE
&
COSINE

y
=
a
sin
(
bx
+
c
)+
a
0
b
0
Amplitude =
a
Period =
2
Π
b
Frequency =
1
period
Phase shift =
c
b
Midline =
y
=
S
ECTORS
,
ARCS
,
AND

SPEED

Sector area =
Θ
2
Angular speed =
Θ
time
Linear speed =
Θ
time
Arc length=
Θ
L
AW

OF

SINES
(AAS, ASA)
sin
Aa
=
sin
Bb
=
sin
c
L
AW

OF

COSINES
(SSS, SAS)
a
2
=
b
2
+
c
2
2bccos
A
A
MBIGUOUS

CASE
(SSA)
h
=
b
sin
A

a
=
opp
b
=
I
F
A
IS

OBTUSE

a
b
= No solution
a
>
b
= One solution
I
F
A
IS

ACUTE

a
<
ba
<
h
= No solution
a
<
b
a
=
h
= One solution
a
<
b
a
<
h
= Two solutions
a
b
= One solution
A
REA

FOR
AAS, ASA
A
=
0.5a
2
sin
B
sin
sin
A
S
IGMA

NOTATION

n
=
1
a
n
=
a
1
+
...
a
NTH

TERM

OF

ARITHMETIC

SEQUENCE

a
n
=
a
1
+(
n
1
)
d = common difference
S
UM

OF

ARITHMETIC

SERIES

n
=
n
2
(
a
1
+
a
n
)
n
=
n
2
[
2a
1
+(
n
1
)
]
NTH

TERM

OF

GEOMETRIC

SEQUENCE

a
n
=
a
1
n
1
=
a
2
a
1
;
1
r = commonratio
S
UM

OF

FINITE

GEOMETRIC

SERIES

n
=
a
1
(
1
n
1
)
n
=
a
1
a
n
1
S
UM

OF

INFINITE

GEOMETRIC

SERIES

=
a
1
1
<
1
B
INOMIAL

EXPANSION

(
a
+
b
)
n
=
n
a
n
b
where
= 0, 1, 2... n
B
INOMIAL

PROBABILITY

Prob
=
xn
p
x
q
n
x
n
independent trials,
p
probability of success,
q
= 1 –
p
P
ROPERTIES

OF

LOGARITHMS

Given that
b
>
0
;b
1
:
log
b
x
=
a
b
a
=
x
log
b
b
=
1
log
b
1
=
0
log
b
b
x
=
x
b
log
b
x
=
x
Given that m and n are positive:
log
b
mn
=
log
b
m
+
log
b
n
log
b
mn
=
log
b
m
log
b
n
C
HANGE

OF

BASE

FORMULA

log
b
x
=
log
a
x
log
a
b
B
ASIC

TRIG

FUNCTIONS

sin
Θ=
opphyp
=
y
cos
Θ=
=
x
tan
Θ=
=
y xcsc
Θ=
hypopp
=
y
sec
Θ=
=
x
cot
=
=
x y
P
YTHAGOREAN

IDENTITIES

sin
2
Θ+
cos
2
Θ=
1
tan
2
Θ+
1
=
sec
2
Θ
cot
2
Θ+
1
=
csc
2
Θ
C
OFUNCTION

IDENTITIES

sin
Θ=
cos
(
Π
2
−Θ
)
cos
Θ=
sin
(
Π
2
−Θ
)
tan
Θ=
cot
(
Π
2
−Θ
)
S
HIFT
I
DENTITIES

sin
(
Θ+Π
2
)
=+
cos
Θ
cos
(
Θ+Π
2
)
=−
sin
Θ
tan
(
Θ+
pi
2
)
=−
cot
Θ
O
DD
-E
VEN
I
DENTITIES

sin
(−Θ)=−
sin
Θ
cos
(−Θ)=
cos
Θ
tan
(−Θ)=−
tan
Θ
csc
(−Θ)=−
csc
Θ
sec
(−Θ)=
sec
Θ
cot
(−Θ)=−
cot
Θ
A
REA

FOR
SAS
A
=
0.5bcsin
A
P
OWER
R
EDUCING
I
DENTITIES

sin
2
Θ=
1
cos2
Θ
2
cos
2
Θ=
1
+
cos2
Θ
2
tan
2
Θ=
1
cos2
Θ
1
+
cos2
Θ
sin
2
Θ
cos
2
Θ=
1
cos4
Θ
8
S
UM
I
DENTITIES

sin
(
a
+
b
)=
sin
a
cos
b
+
cos
a
sin
b
cos
(
a
+
b
)=
cos
a
cos
b
sin
a
sin
b
tan
(
a
+
b
)=
tan
a
+
tan
b
1
tan
a
tan
b
D
IFFERENCE
I
DENTITIES

sin
(
a
b
)=
sin
a
cos
b
cos
a
sin
b
cos
(
a
b
)=
cos
a
cos
b
+
sin
a
sin
b
tan
(
a
b
)=
tan
a
tan
b
1
+
tan
a
tan
b
H
ALF
A
NGLE
I
DENTITIES

sin
Θ
2
1
cos
Θ
2cos
Θ
2
1
+
cos
Θ
2
tan
Θ
2
1
cos
Θ
1
+
cos
Θ
tan
Θ
2
=
1
cos
Θ
sin
Θ
tan
Θ
2
=
sin
Θ
1
+
cos
Θ
D
OUBLE
A
NGLE
I
DENTITIES

sin2
Θ=
2sin
Θ
cos
Θ
tan 2
Θ=
2tan
Θ
1
tan
2
Θ
cos2
Θ=
cos
2
Θ−
sin
2
Θ
cos2
Θ=
2cos
2
Θ−
1
cos2
Θ=
1
sin
2
Θ
A
REA

FOR
SSS
A
=
√
s
(
s
a
)(
s
b
)(
s
c
)
s
=
a
+
b
+
c
2