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valo_opas_pedagoginen

valo_opas_pedagoginen

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Published by Kerttu Vali

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Published by: Kerttu Vali on Sep 07, 2011
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09/07/2011

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Hankinta opas –Vapaan ja avoimen lähdekoodinohjelmistot kouluissa
Pedagoginen opas
Opetushallitus, VALO-ryhmä
 
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Sisällysluettelo
Sisällysluettelo.................................................................................................................21. Kirjoittajat.........................................................................................................................42. Vapaa ja avoin tieto- ja viestintäteknologia (TVT) opetuksessa ja opiskelussa...............42.1 Mitä vapaat ja avoimen lähdekoodin ohjelmat (VALO) ovat?.....................................42.2 Vapaat ja avoimen lähdekoodin ohjelmat (VALO) ja pedagogiikka............................53. TVT-taitotasojen määritykset...........................................................................................53.1 Perusopetus...............................................................................................................53.1.1 Esi- ja alkuopetus................................................................................................63.1.1.1 Käytännön työtataidot...................................................................................63.1.1.2 Tiedonhallintataidot.......................................................................................63.1.1.3 Mediataidot....................................................................................................73.1.2 Osaamisen kuvaukset kuudennen luokan päättyessä.........................................83.1.2.1 Käytännön työtaidot......................................................................................83.1.2.2 Tiedonhallintataidot.......................................................................................83.1.2.3. Yhteistyö- ja vuorovaikutustaidot, tietoturva ja etiikka..................................83.1.3 Osaamisen kuvaukset perusopetuksen päättötasolla..........................................93.1.3.1 Käytännön työtaidot......................................................................................93.1.3.2 Tiedonhallintataidot.....................................................................................103.1.3.3 Yhteistyö- ja vuorovaikutustaidot, tietoturva ja etiikka.................................103.1.4 Tietoturvallisuus.................................................................................................104. VALO-ohjelmistot opetuksessa ja opiskelussa..............................................................114.1 Ohjelmistotaulukko...................................................................................................114.1.1 Hallinto...............................................................................................................114.1.2 Yleiset................................................................................................................124.1.3 Oppimisalustat...................................................................................................134.1.4 Media.................................................................................................................134.2 Esi- ja alkuopetuksen opetusohjelmat......................................................................144.2.1 GCompris-opetusohjelmisto..............................................................................144.2.1.1 GCompris osana opetusta...........................................................................144.2.1.1.1 Esimerkki 1: Yleisopetus.......................................................................144.2.1.1.2 Esimerkki 2: Laaja-alainen erityisopetus...............................................154.2.1.1.3 Esimerkki 3: Eriyttävä opetus...............................................................154.2.1.2 Esiopetus....................................................................................................164.2.1.2 Alkuopetus..................................................................................................204.2.2 Tux Paint...........................................................................................................224.2.2.1 Yksinkertainen käyttöliittymä.......................................................................224.2.2.2 Viihdyttävä käyttöliittymä.............................................................................224.2.2.3 Osana opetusta...........................................................................................224.2.3 KTouch..............................................................................................................234.2.3.1 Osana opetusta...........................................................................................244.3 Perusopetuksen opetusohjelmat..............................................................................254.3.1 GChemical (kemia)............................................................................................254.3.2 Kalzium (kemia).................................................................................................264.3.3 Klicker (musiikki)................................................................................................264.3.4 Konna (ohjelmointi)............................................................................................274.3.5 KIG (geometria).................................................................................................27 2
 
4.4 Muut opetuskäyttöön soveltuvat ohjelmat................................................................284.4.1 Audacity (äänen käsittely)..................................................................................28Äänittäminen...........................................................................................................284.4.2 GIMP (rasterigrafiikka).......................................................................................304.4.3 Inkscape (verktorigrafiikka)................................................................................304.4.4 Xara Extreme (vektorigrafiikka ja julkaisugrafiikka)............................................304.4.5 Scribus (taitto- ja julkaisuohjelmisto)..................................................................304.4.6 Blender (3D-grafiikka)........................................................................................304.4.7 Kino (yksinkertainen videoeditointi)...................................................................314.4.8 Cinelerra (ammattimainen videoeditointi)..........................................................314.5 OpenOffice.org (toimisto-ohjelmisto)........................................................................324.5.1 Tekstinkäsittely (Writer).....................................................................................334.5.2 Taulukkolaskenta (Calc)....................................................................................364.5.3 Esitysgrafiikka (Impress)....................................................................................384.5.4 Matemaattiset kaavat (Math).............................................................................404.6 Oppimisalustat.........................................................................................................414.6.1 Moodle...............................................................................................................414.6.2 FLE3..................................................................................................................424.7 Tieto- ja viestintätekniset perustaidot.......................................................................424.7.1 Tietokoneen ajokortti.........................................................................................434.7.1.1 Tutkinnot.....................................................................................................434.7.1.2 Tietokoneen ajokortti ja VALO.....................................................................444.7.1.3 Oppimateriaalit............................................................................................444.7.2 European Computer Driving Licence.................................................................444.7.2.1 Tutkinnot.....................................................................................................454.7.2.2 ECDL ja VALO............................................................................................454.7.2.3 Oppimateriaalit............................................................................................454.7.2.4 Linkit............................................................................................................464.8 Ohjelmointi...............................................................................................................464.8.1 HTML-ohjelmointi...............................................................................................464.8.2 PHP-ohjelmointi.................................................................................................464.8.3 Python-ohjelmointi.............................................................................................464.8.3.1 Yleis.........................................................................................................474.8.3.1.1 Esimerkke..........................................................................................474.8.3.2 Toteutukset.................................................................................................474.8.4 Java-ohjelmointi.................................................................................................48Esimerkki................................................................................................................484.8.5 C/C++-ohjelmointi..............................................................................................494.8.5.1 Yleis.........................................................................................................494.8.5.2 Esimerkki.....................................................................................................494.8.5.3 Erot C:hen...................................................................................................504.8.6 C#/.net/Mono.....................................................................................................504.8.7Graafiset käyttöliittymät......................................................................................504.8.7.1 KDE/Qt........................................................................................................504.8.7.2 Gnome/GTK+..............................................................................................51
 
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