This study focuses on the remote Fijian island of Kia, which is facing seriousthreats to its future due to the over-exploitation of the marine resources - which arethe prime source of both sustenance and income. The methodology primarily followsthat developed by the Secretariat of the Pacific Community (SPC) for collectingsocio-economic datasets of island fisheries (Kronen
2007). The primaryobjectives were to investigate fishing practices with the aim of obtaining quantitativedata, to compare and contrast across the region and the island. As with any research of this nature, there are methodological limitations which confine the reliability of theresults. Despite these recognised limitations, it is widely acknowledged that interviewbased research is the most appropriate method for conducting research in poorlystudied regions. The research demonstrates an enormous reliance on the marineresources through various parameters, such as: consumption, income and assetavailability. Furthermore, there is a recognition of the social factors which arecontributing to the ecosystem decline; the nonchalance and short-sightedness of thecommunity in dealing with an issue which will ultimately lead to the migration anddestruction of island life, the lack of leadership and responsibility from all levels of governance; the poor management at island level coupled with governmentalcorruption and incompetence which leave the marine resources free for exploitation ina culture which is rapidly changing and acquiring a taste for wealth. Therecommendations are stark and direct; unless changes are implemented with emphasisparticularly on the diversion of livelihoods away from fishing, there will be a collapsein local fish stocks.