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Electronics Project

Electronics Project

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Published by kapil singh

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Published by: kapil singh on Sep 08, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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It is often very convenient for other people in the room tolisten to both sides of a phone conversation. The amplifierin this it has been designed for this use. A speciallydesigned magnetic pickup with a suction cup attachesonto the earpiece of your phone at one end and into theamplifier at the other. The design is low cost and thereis no direct electrical connection to the phone system.The kit is constructed on single-sided printed circuitboards. Protel Autotrax & Schematic were used.
Check off the components against the component listing.Make sure you identify every component. It is generallyeasiest if you solder the lowest height components first,the resistors then the capacitors & IC sockets. Make sureto get the electrolytic capacitors around the correct way.Note there is one link to make on the board next to thepower supply pads. Use an offcut from a resistor to makethe link.
The telephone pickup is really a magnetic field fluctuationdetector. It picks up the oscillating magnetic field from thereceiver of your telephone when someone is speaking toyou. But it will also collect any other oscillating magneticfields which happen to be floatingaround in the air. For example, low & high frequency noisefrom your TV set or computer monitor or the characteristicmains humm from power lines. High frequency filters havebeen built into the circuit to reduce some of this unwantednoise.The telephone pickup circuit consists of two high gainpreamplifier stages in the LM358 followed by a poweramplifier to drive the speaker. The IC's are low cost andeasily available.Both preamps in the LM358 are biased to half the supplyvoltage by R4 & R5. This allows maximum voltage swingat the outputs before hitting either supply rail. C6bypasses any AC signal to ground, stabalizing the DCbias voltage. R3 is necessary to couple the DC biasvoltage to IC1:B while also providing a high impedence tothe input signal.The RC feedback circuit on both preamps will, like any RCcircuit, have a cutoff frequency. Or to think of it anotherway, the capacitance starts to act as a short circuit as thefrequency increases and the gain decreases. The cutoff frequency is given by the formula:
f = 1 / (6.28 x RC)
This gives a cutoff frequency of 2.7KHz which has theeffect of limiting the amount of high frequency noise, or'hiss'. This high frequency roll-off does not greatly affectvoice frequency signals since voice frequency isnominally in the range 300Hz to 3.0KHz.The output of the second preamp is fed to the poweramplifier stage via C7 & P1. C7 removes any DCcomponent from the amplified signal while P1 acts as avolume control. The LM386 is very easy to use andrequires a minimum of external components. C8 providesfilternig & bypassing for the internal bias network. C9removes any DC component from the output signal. Thegain of the LM386 may be set according to thecombination of resistors & capacitors across pins 1 & 8.With no components the gain is 20. Finally use some wireto connect the speaker to the terminal block output.Place the suction cup near the receiver on the handset.Keep the speaker away from the handset to stop anyfeedback. The pickup will be affected by strong magneticfields - mains wiring, a computer monitor and TV set. Lowroll-off filters (to reduce the 50Hz hum) could have beenincluded in the circuit just as the high roll-off filters havebeen. However, since the pickup responds to lowfrequency this allows the unit to be used to trace mainswiring behind your walls or under the floor.
Poor soldering is the most likely reason. Check all solder joints carefully under a good light. Next check that allcomponents are in their correct position on the PCB. Didyou add the single link. Are the IC's in their correct places.Are the electrolytic capacitors around the correct way.Visit our web site
Resistors 1/4w, 5%:10K R2 R4 R5 R6 brown black orange 4270K R1 R7 red violet yellow 2100K R3 brown black yellow 1Koa Trimpot 10K 103 1Monoblock capacitors:100nF 104 C4 C5 C7 3Electrolytic capacitors:10uF mini C6 C8 2100uF mini C1 C9 2220pF ceramic capacitors C3 C10 24n7 MPE box capacitor C2 1LM358 IC1 1LM386 IC2 18 pin IC socket 2K55 PCB 1Audio jack 16V battery snap 18 ohm speaker 1Magnetic pickup with suction cap 12 pole terminal block 1
This kit connects to the telephone line and records thenumber dialled (assuming tone dialling) and theduration of the call. The kit can also be used to recordany DTMF tones detected via the built in microphoneinput. The kit will not detect numbers dialled usingpulse dialling. The source code for the K1 micro-controller is provided on the floppy disk for study.
Check the components supplied in the kit against theComponent Listing. There are several points to note:
make sure Q3 does not poke up too high.
pins 15 & 16 on the LCD display are not used theyare for backlighting (which this model of LCD doesnot have.) So the male 14-pin single in-line headergoes in from pins 1 to 14.Solder the lowest height components first; theresistors and capacitors. Solder the two crystalsquickly as they are easily damaged by excess heat.The tuning fork crystal can be soldered down by thetwo pads provided. Put the 9V battery snap throughthe hole next to the pads to provide strain relief.
Operation via telephone line
Ensure that switches SW2 and SW3 are in the "TEL"position. Connect the decoder to the telephone lineand switch on the power. When connected to thetelephone line the decoder should be left switched on.The decoder monitors the line condition and turns itselfoff when the line is not looped (phone is hung up!).Current consumption is less than 50uA when off.The decoder is activated whenever the phone is pickedup (‘the line is looped’ in telephone jargon.) The LCDdisplay is turned on and the last number dialed,together with the call duration, is displayed. Whenusing the decoder for the first time (or after switchingoff), the number dialed is blank and the call duration isset to "00:00:00". Hanging up without dialing any digitswill not affect the current information.Dialing any digit will clear the last number dialed andre-start the call duration timer. The first digit dialed andany subsequent digits will be saved automatically. Thedecoder will save up to a maximum of 16 digits. Anyfurther digits will be ignored.In order to prolong battery life, the DTMF decoder chipis disabled sixty seconds after the phone is picked up.All dialing must be completed within sixty seconds ofpicking up the phone. Any digits dialed after sixtyseconds are not detected and therefore ignored.Call progress detection is not implemented on thisunit. This means that the decoder cannot detect whenthe called party answers. Therefore the call durationtime is the elapsed time from the first digit dialed tothe phone being hung up.
Operation via microphone input
The microphone input can take a variety of differentdevices; a dynamic or ceramic microphone as well asa suction cup pickup coil. Be sure to insert the linknext to the microphone jack if using a ceramic typemicrophone, otherwise leave open.Disconnect the decoder from the telephone line, plugin a microphone or pickup coil and move switchesSW2 and SW3 to the "MIC" position. The "MIC"position disables line monitoring and the decoder isunable to power down. Therefore the unit should beswitched off when not in use.Position the microphone close to the DTMF source. Ifusing a pickup coil as input, attach the suction cup tothe telephone handset next to the earpiece. Switch onthe power. The last number detected will be blank andthe call duration set to "00:00:00".As each DTMF digit is detected it is displayed. If thedecoder fails to respond to any DTMF tones, trypositioning the microphone closer to the source orincreasing the volume of the tones. Excessive volumemay distort the signal presented to the DTMF decoderand cause the tones to be ignored. If using the pickupcoil, try moving the coil to a different position relative tothe earpiece (front, back or side). To reset the callduration time and clear the last number dialed, turn thepower off then on again.
Power Consumption
The amount of current consumption varies dependingon the mode of operation and the time elapsed sincethe decoder was activated.TEL Mode: With the phone hung up, the decoderdraws approximately 50uA from thebattery. The current jumps toapproximately 12mA for the first 60seconds after picking up the handset.After 60 seconds the DTMF decoderchip and microphone circuitry aredisabled and the current consumptiondrops to approximately 6mA. It willremain at 6mA until the unit isswitched off or the phone is hung up.MIC Mode: The decoder draws approximately12mA from the battery while switchedon.
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