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Measurement

Measurement

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Published by: peechoong_lau on Oct 07, 2008
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08/14/2013

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April 2000
Measurement - 1
Physics@Xinmin
Contents
1.Units2.Measurement of Length3.Measurement of Volume4.Measuring Mass and Weight5.Measuring Density6.
 
Measurement of Time
Exam Topics…
At the end of this chapter you should be able to:
 
use and describe how to use rulers, micrometers, vernier scales and callipers todetermine lengths
 
use and describe how to use a measuring cylinder to measure a volume
 
use and describe how to use clocks and other devices for measuring an intervalof time including the period of a pendulum
 
demonstrate an understanding that mass is a measure of the amount of substance in a body
 
demonstrate an understanding of inertia as the property of a mass which resistchange from its state of rest or motion
 
describe, and use the concept of, weight as the effect of a gravitational field ona mass
 
demonstrate understanding that two weights, and therefore masses, may becompared using a balance
 
use appropriate balances to measure mass and weight
 
describe experiments to determine the density of a liquid, of a regularly shapedsolid object and of an irregularly shaped solid object (by the method of displacement) and make the necessary calculations
 
April 2000
Measurement - 2
Physics@Xinmin
1.Units
SI Units
The following table gives
SI
 
units
for the basic physical quantities (things that can bemeasured). All scientists throughout the world use these units. (SI from the French “LeSysteme International d'Unites”.)
P
HYSICAL
Q
UANTITY
SI U
NIT
S
YMBOL
mMassSecondATemperatureKelvin
 Amount of substanceMolemo Luminous intensityCandelac
Prefixes
 
Used to express physical quantities that are very big or very small.
 
Although metres are the SI unit for length we use other units based on the metre.Small objects will be measured in
centi
metres,
milli
metres or 
micro
metres.Large objects will be measured in
kilo
metres.
P
REFIX
M
EANING
S
YMBOL
Micro
÷
1,000,000
µ
Milli
÷
1,000mCenti
÷
100cDeci
÷
10dKilo
×
1,000Mega
×
1,000,000M
 
April 2000
Measurement - 3
Physics@Xinmin
Examples
1.What is 23.4 centimetres in metres?
Write down the relationship between metres and centimetres.
 __________ m = __________ cm
Turn this into a fraction
 ____________ = 1or____________ = 1
 However, 23.4 cm can be multiplied by 1 without changing it.
23.4 cm = 23.4 cm × 123.4 cm =23.4 cm × ___________ 
Cancel the units to give the answer.
2.Express the speed of 5600 m/s in km/h.1 km = 1and60 s = 11000 m1 min5600m × 1 km × 60 s = 5600ms1000 m 1 min s5600 m/s =
Exercise
1.Converting the following values from the units given:a)1.5 m = __________ cmb)0.23 mm = __________ mc)200 g = __________ kgd)15.7 cm = 157 ____e)0.37 km = 370 _____f)3000 mA = __________ A

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