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Matemáticas para administración y economía - Solucionario - 12ma Edición - (Inglés)

Matemáticas para administración y economía - Solucionario - 12ma Edición - (Inglés)

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Published by Juanmagonza

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Published by: Juanmagonza on Sep 08, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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07/06/2015

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Table of Contents
Chapter 0 1Chapter 1 35Chapter 2 54Chapter 3 89Chapter 4 132Chapter 5 160Chapter 6 177Chapter 7 231Chapter 8 295Chapter 9 333Chapter 10 357Chapter 11 378Chapter 12 423Chapter 13 469Chapter 14 539Chapter 15 614Chapter 16 658Chapter 17 670
 
 
1
 
Chapter 0
Problems 0.11.
True; –13 is a negative integer.
2.
True, because
2 and 7 are integers and 7
0.
3.
False, because the natural numbers are 1, 2, 3,and so on.
4.
False, because
00.1
=
 
5.
True, because
55.1
=
 
6.
False, since a rational number cannot havedenominator of zero. In fact,
70
is not a numberat all because we cannot divide by 0.
7.
False, because
255,
=
which is a positiveinteger.
8.
True;
2
is an irrational real number.
9.
False; we cannot divide by 0.
10.
False, because the natural numbers are 1, 2, 3,and so on, and
3
lies between 1 and 2.
11.
True
12.
False, since the integer 0 is neither positive nornegative.
Problems 0.21.
False, because 0 does not have a reciprocal.
2.
True, because
73211.3721
= =
 
3.
False; the negative of 7 is
7 because7 + (
7) = 0.
4.
False; 2(3 · 4) = 2(12) = 24, but(2 · 3)(2 · 4) = 6 · 8 = 48.
5.
False; –
 x 
+
 y
=
 y
+ (–
 x 
) =
 y
 x 
.
6.
True; (
 x 
+ 2)(4) = (
 x 
)(4) + (2)(4) = 4
 x 
+ 8.
7.
True;
221.2222
 x x x
+= + = +
 
8.
True, because
.
b abac c
=
 
9.
False; the left side is 5
 xy
, but the right side is
2
5.
 x y
 
10.
True; by the associative and commutativeproperties,
 x 
(4
 y
) = (
 x 
 
4)
 y
= (4
 
 x 
)
 y
= 4
 xy
.
11.
distributive
12.
commutative
13.
associative
14.
definition of division
15.
commutative and distributive
16.
associative
17.
definition of subtraction
18.
commutative
19.
distributive
20.
distributive
21.
2
 x 
(
 y
 
7) = (2
 x 
)
 y
 
(2
 x 
)7 = 2
 xy
 
(7)(2
 x 
)= 2
 xy
 
(7 · 2)
 x 
= 2
 xy
 
14
 x 
22.
(
a
 
 
b
) +
c
= [
a
+ (
b
)] +
c
=
a
+ (
b
+
c
)=
a
+ [
c
+ (
b
)] =
a
+ (
c
 
 
b
)
23.
(
 x 
+
 y
)(2) = 2(
 x 
+
 y
) = 2
 x 
+ 2
 y
 
24.
2[27 + (
 x 
+
 y
)] = 2[27 + (
 y
+
 x 
)] = 2[(27 +
 y
) +
 x 
]= 2[(
 y
+ 27) +
 x 
]
25.
 
 x 
[(2
 y
+ 1) + 3] =
 x 
[2
 y
+ (1 + 3)] =
 x 
[2
 y
+ 4]=
 x 
(2
 y
) +
 x 
(4) = (
 x 
· 2)
 y
+ 4
 x 
= (2
 x 
)
 y
+ 4
 x 
 = 2
 xy
+ 4
 x 
 
26.
(1 +
a
)(
b
+
c
) = 1(
b
+
c
) +
a
(
b
+
c
)= 1(
b
) + 1(
c
) +
a
(
b
) +
a
(
c
) =
b
+
c
+
ab
+
ac
 
 
Chapter 0: 
Review of Algebra
 
ISM: 
Introductory Mathematical Analysis
 
2
 
27.
 
 x 
(
 y
 
 
 z
+
w
) =
 x 
[(
 y
 
 
 z
) +
w
] =
 x 
(
 y
 
 
 z
) +
 x 
(
w
)=
 x 
[
 y
+ (
 z
)] +
 xw
=
 x 
(
 y
) +
 x 
(
 z
) +
 xw
 =
 xy
 
 
 xz
+
 xw
28.
–2 + (–4) = –6
29.
–6 + 2 = –4
30.
6 + (–4) = 2
31.
7 – 2 = 5
32.
7 – (–4) = 7 + 4 = 11
33.
 
5
(
13) =
5 + 13 = 8
34.
 
a
 
(
b
) =
a
+
b
 
35.
(–2)(9) = –(2 · 9) = –18
36.
7(–9) = –(7 · 9) = –63
37.
(–2)(–12) = 2(12) = 24
38.
19(
1) = (
1)19 =
(1 · 19) =
19
39.
 
19
19191
= =
 
40.
–(–6 +
 x 
) = –(–6) –
 x 
= 6 –
 x 
 
41.
–7(
 x 
) = –(7
 x 
) = –7
 x 
 
42.
–12(
 x 
 y
) = (–12)
 x 
– (–12)(
 y
) = –12
 x 
+ 12
 y
 (or 12
 y
– 12
 x 
)
43.
–[–6 + (–
 y
)] = –(–6) – (–
 y
) = 6 +
 y
 
44.
 
331313151515535
÷ = = = =
 
45.
 
999119(27)2727933
÷ = = = =
 
46.
 
()()
a aa bb b
− ÷ − = =
 
47.
2(–6 + 2) = 2(–4) = –8
48.
3[–2(3) + 6(2)] = 3[–6 + 12] = 3[6] = 18
49.
(–2)(–4)(–1) = 8(–1) = –8
50.
(
12)(
12) = (12)(12) = 144
51.
 
 X 
(1) =
 X 
 
52.
3(
 x 
– 4) = 3(
 x 
) – 3(4) = 3
 x 
– 12
53.
4(5 +
 x 
) = 4(5) + 4(
 x 
) = 20 + 4
 x 
 
54.
–(
 x 
– 2) = –
 x 
+ 2
55.
0(–
 x 
) = 0
56.
 
18188111111
= =
 
57.
 
551
=
 
58.
 
1427221373
 x x x y y y
= =
 
59.
 
3332(2)2
 x x x
= = −
 
60.
 
21212333
 x x x
= =
 
61.
 
(3)3(3)
a a b abbc c c
= =
 
62.
 
7(5)75
aa
=
 
63.
 
aby a by byax a x x
= =
 
64.
 
71717
 y x y x xy
= =
 
65.
 
252510
 x y x y xy
= =
 
66.
 
1132325236666
++ = + = =
 
67.
 
5359591427712412121212266
+ + = + = = = =
 
68.
 
379149145511101530303030566
− = = = = =
 

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