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Matemáticas para administración y economía - Solucionario - 12ma Edición - (Inglés)

Matemáticas para administración y economía - Solucionario - 12ma Edición - (Inglés)

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07/06/2015

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Chapter 0 1Chapter 1 35Chapter 2 54Chapter 3 89Chapter 4 132Chapter 5 160Chapter 6 177Chapter 7 231Chapter 8 295Chapter 9 333Chapter 10 357Chapter 11 378Chapter 12 423Chapter 13 469Chapter 14 539Chapter 15 614Chapter 16 658Chapter 17 670

1

Chapter 0
Problems 0.11.
True; –13 is a negative integer.
2.
True, because
2 and 7 are integers and 7
0.
3.
False, because the natural numbers are 1, 2, 3,and so on.
4.
False, because
00.1
=

5.
True, because
55.1
=

6.
False, since a rational number cannot havedenominator of zero. In fact,
70
is not a numberat all because we cannot divide by 0.
7.
False, because
255,
=
which is a positiveinteger.
8.
True;
2
is an irrational real number.
9.
False; we cannot divide by 0.
10.
False, because the natural numbers are 1, 2, 3,and so on, and
3
lies between 1 and 2.
11.
True
12.
False, since the integer 0 is neither positive nornegative.
Problems 0.21.
False, because 0 does not have a reciprocal.
2.
True, because
73211.3721
= =

3.
False; the negative of 7 is
7 because7 + (
7) = 0.
4.
False; 2(3 · 4) = 2(12) = 24, but(2 · 3)(2 · 4) = 6 · 8 = 48.
5.
False; –
x
+
y
=
y
+ (–
x
) =
y
x
.
6.
True; (
x
+ 2)(4) = (
x
)(4) + (2)(4) = 4
x
+ 8.
7.
True;
221.2222
x x x
+= + = +

8.
True, because
.
b abac c
=

9.
False; the left side is 5
xy
, but the right side is
2
5.
x y

10.
True; by the associative and commutativeproperties,
x
(4
y
) = (
x

4)
y
= (4

x
)
y
= 4
xy
.
11.
distributive
12.
commutative
13.
associative
14.
definition of division
15.
commutative and distributive
16.
associative
17.
definition of subtraction
18.
commutative
19.
distributive
20.
distributive
21.
2
x
(
y

7) = (2
x
)
y

(2
x
)7 = 2
xy

(7)(2
x
)= 2
xy

(7 · 2)
x
= 2
xy

14
x
22.
(
a

b
) +
c
= [
a
+ (
b
)] +
c
=
a
+ (
b
+
c
)=
a
+ [
c
+ (
b
)] =
a
+ (
c

b
)
23.
(
x
+
y
)(2) = 2(
x
+
y
) = 2
x
+ 2
y

24.
2[27 + (
x
+
y
)] = 2[27 + (
y
+
x
)] = 2[(27 +
y
) +
x
]= 2[(
y
+ 27) +
x
]
25.

x
[(2
y
+ 1) + 3] =
x
[2
y
+ (1 + 3)] =
x
[2
y
+ 4]=
x
(2
y
) +
x
(4) = (
x
· 2)
y
+ 4
x
= (2
x
)
y
+ 4
x
= 2
xy
+ 4
x

26.
(1 +
a
)(
b
+
c
) = 1(
b
+
c
) +
a
(
b
+
c
)= 1(
b
) + 1(
c
) +
a
(
b
) +
a
(
c
) =
b
+
c
+
ab
+
ac

Chapter 0:
Review of Algebra

ISM:
Introductory Mathematical Analysis

2

27.

x
(
y

z
+
w
) =
x
[(
y

z
) +
w
] =
x
(
y

z
) +
x
(
w
)=
x
[
y
+ (
z
)] +
xw
=
x
(
y
) +
x
(
z
) +
xw
=
xy

xz
+
xw
28.
–2 + (–4) = –6
29.
–6 + 2 = –4
30.
6 + (–4) = 2
31.
7 – 2 = 5
32.
7 – (–4) = 7 + 4 = 11
33.

5
(
13) =
5 + 13 = 8
34.

a

(
b
) =
a
+
b

35.
(–2)(9) = –(2 · 9) = –18
36.
7(–9) = –(7 · 9) = –63
37.
(–2)(–12) = 2(12) = 24
38.
19(
1) = (
1)19 =
(1 · 19) =
19
39.

19
19191
= =

40.
–(–6 +
x
) = –(–6) –
x
= 6 –
x

41.
–7(
x
) = –(7
x
) = –7
x

42.
–12(
x
y
) = (–12)
x
– (–12)(
y
) = –12
x
+ 12
y
(or 12
y
– 12
x
)
43.
–[–6 + (–
y
)] = –(–6) – (–
y
) = 6 +
y

44.

331313151515535
÷ = = = =

45.

999119(27)2727933
÷ = = = =

46.

()()
a aa bb b
− ÷ − = =

47.
2(–6 + 2) = 2(–4) = –8
48.
3[–2(3) + 6(2)] = 3[–6 + 12] = 3[6] = 18
49.
(–2)(–4)(–1) = 8(–1) = –8
50.
(
12)(
12) = (12)(12) = 144
51.

X
(1) =
X

52.
3(
x
– 4) = 3(
x
) – 3(4) = 3
x
– 12
53.
4(5 +
x
) = 4(5) + 4(
x
) = 20 + 4
x

54.
–(
x
– 2) = –
x
+ 2
55.
0(–
x
) = 0
56.

18188111111
= =

57.

551
=

58.

1427221373
x x x y y y
= =

59.

3332(2)2
x x x
= = −

60.

21212333
x x x
= =

61.

(3)3(3)
a a b abbc c c
= =

62.

7(5)75
aa
=

63.

aby a by byax a x x
= =

64.

71717
y x y x xy
= =

65.

252510
x y x y xy
= =

66.

1132325236666
++ = + = =

67.

5359591427712412121212266
+ + = + = = = =

68.

379149145511101530303030566
− = = = = =

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