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A Guide to the Adult Damselflies

A Guide to the Adult Damselflies

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Published by Jay Sonneveld

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Published by: Jay Sonneveld on Sep 08, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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A Guide to the Adult Damselflies & Dragonflies of the OttawaDistrict
List of Species and their Preferred Habitats
 There are many words used in English to describe bodies of water. The meanings of many overlapconsiderably in common usage. I use the following definitions in this guide, which concentrate on thefeatures important to dragonflies:
water volume mostly free of vegetation:
ditch: narrow (less than 5 meters wide), shallow (less than a meter deep), long, no visible current (includes man-made, and beaver/muskrat trails)
stream: a ditch with perceptible to moderate current, but no white water 
river: a stream more than 5 m wide, much more than a meter deep, some current
rapids: white water (at least during spring runoff)
outlet: where a stream empties into a lake
 puddle: shallow (much less than a meter), small ( a few meters or less across), no current
 pond: moderate depth (1-5 m), moderate size (1 ha or less), no current
 pool: a deep portion of a stream, with some eddy current
lake: large (greater than 1 ha), at least some deep portions (more than 5 m), no current
large: (lake or river) large enough to have breaking waves and wind-driven current
calcareous: limestone region, pH >7.5
water heavily vegetated:
 bog: most water volume filled with plant material such as sphagnum, pH less than 6
marsh: heavily-vegetated (typically cattails) pond or lake edge, pH 6 or greater 
Species noted as southern(S) can be expected only in the warmer portions of the district, northern(N) onlyin cold bogs. Species that are exceptionally local(L) in distribution or rare(R) here are noted as well.Excepting these species, habitats mentioned are those in which the species is most likely to be found here,and are not to be treated as the only places to look. Species in brackets are known only from close to thedistrict, not from within it.
Calopteryx maculata small forest streamsCalopteryx aequabile larger wooded streamsL Lestes eurinus small lakes, pondsLestes congener temporary/permanent pondsS Lestes inaequalis marshy ponds, slow streamsLestes unguiculatus temporary ponds, overwinter as eggsLestes vigilax marsh/bog-margined lakesS Lestes rectangularis partly shaded pondsLestes dryas temporary/permanent pondsLestes forcipatus temporary/permanent ponds, weedy streamsLestes disjunctus ponds, weedy streamsL Amphiagrion saucium small, spring-fed bogs at hill basesChromagrion conditum shady spring-fed brooks, pools Nehalinnia irene still marshes, bogsL Nehalinnia gracilis sphagnum bogsArgia moesta rocky shores or streams, lakesArgia fumipennis small shallow rocky streamsIschnura verticalis any still water Ischnura posita shaded spring-fed streams, pondsCoenagrion resolutum still shaded water (RL Coenagrion interrogatum quaking bogs)Enallagma ebrium limestone marshy ponds, streams N Enallagma boreale cold bogsEnallagma hageni acid marshy/boggy ponds
 N Enallagma cyathigerum very cold bogsEnallagma carunculatum lakes, riversS Enallagma civile ponds, slow streamsS Enallagma geminatum small lakes, slow streamsEnallagma exsulans streams, lake shoresR Enallagma antennatum clayey quiet streams, small lakesS Enallagma vesperum marsh-bordered lakes, slow streamsEnallagma signatum slow streams, quiet bays
Anax junius migratory, still water with emergent vegetation, esp.sand pitsBasiaeschna janata small woodland streams with gentle current and their outletsR Nasiaeschna pentacantha slow woodland streams, small lakesS Epiaeschna heros shady ponds at wood edgesBoyeria grafiana fly until well after dusk, rock- margined lakes and streamsBoyeria vinosa fly until well after dusk, shady streams with gentle rapidsAeshna umbrosa shady wooded ditches and streamsAeshna constricta open marshes and ponds with emergent vegetation(N Aeshna sitchensis puddles in almost filled cold bogs)Aeshna interrupta shallow marshy or boggy lakesS Aeshna clepsydra shallow marsh-bordered lakesAeshna eremita marsh-bordered lakes, sand pit ponds(N Aeshna subarctica puddles in cold sphagnum bogs)(N Aeshna juncea peaty puddles and ditches, shallow lakes)Aeshna tuberculifera ponds, especially in bogsAeshna canadensis still marshes on lake edges, slow streamsLS Aeshna verticalis spring ponds, marsh-bordered lakesHagenius brevistylus slow rocky forest streams and their outlets N Stylogomphus albistylus small rapid gravel streamsDromogomphus spinosus rapid streams, rivers, lakes N Ophiogomphus colubrinus rapid gravel streamsL Ophiogomphus anomalus wide rivers, rapid streamsOphiogomphus rupinsulensis streams and riversOphiogomphus aspersus cold clear rapid streamsRN Ophiogomphus mainensis clear running streamsR Gomphus lividus sheltered inlets on wavy lakes, gentle streamsGomphus exilis quiet soft-bottomed streams and lake bordersGomphus spicatus still marshy watersS Arigomphus furcifer marshy ponds and lakesSL Arigomphus cornutus small marshy lakesL Gomphus descriptus rapid streams with poolsR Gomphus borealis lakes, slow streams, sand pit pondsGomphus fraternus turbulent water, calcareousR Gomphus ventricosus riversGomphus vastus large rivers, lakesGomphus adelphus clear running streams, exposed lake shoresR Stylurus amnicola rapid streams, wide rivers N Stylurus scudderi cold gravelly forest streams and rivers with rapidsStylurus notatus wide riversL Stylurus spiniceps wide riversL Cordulegaster obliqua tiny shaded rapid streams in deciduous woodsCordulegaster diastatops streams with rapids in spring, pools in clearingsCordulegaster maculata rapid streams in forestsDidymops transversa slow forest streams, wavy lakesMacromia illinoiensis fast streams, exposed wavy lakes and wide rivers
L Nannothemis bella puddles and ponds in floating sphagnum bogs(S Pachydiplax longipennis lakes, ponds, slow streams)RS Pantala hymenea small standing water esp.sand pitsS Pantala flavescens small standing water esp.sand pits, migrantErythemis simplicicollis clear ponds, lake bordersS Celithemis eponina ponds, lakes and slow streamsLS Celithemis elisa marshy lakes and pondsLibellula luctuosa ponds, small lakes and marshesLibellula julia bog ponds to swampy lakesLibellula lydia puddles to pondsLibellula pulchella sunny ponds, lake borders, calcareousLibellula quadrimaculata still water Libellula incesta ponds, slow streamsLeucorrhinia glacialis bog lakes and marshes(N Leucorrhinia patricia puddles in peat bogs)Leucorrhinia hudsonica puddles in cold marshes and bogs N Leucorrhinia frigida floating bog lakes, marshy pondsLeucorrhinia proxima still marshesLeucorrhinia intacta slow streams, marshy bays, farm pondsSympetrum internum slow shady streams, pondsR Sympetrum rubicundulum still water Sympetrum obtrusum tiny, even temporary, ponds in wet meadows and gravel pitsR Sympetrum semicinctum spring-fed ponds, marshesSympetrum danae peaty marshes, bog pondsSympetrum vicinum slow streams, permanent pondsSympetrum costiferum sand or gravel pit ponds Neurocordulia yamaskanensis wave-washed rocky shores of rivers and lakes, rapids, flies only briefly after dusk RN Williamsonia fletcheri puddles in sphagnum bogsEpicordulia princeps quiet small lakes, riversHelocordulia uhleri edges of rapid streams and their outletsDorocordulia libera bog ponds, sluggish marshy streamsCordulia shurtleffi quiet marshes, boggy pondsTetragoneuria spinigera marshy non-stagnant borders of lakes and streamsTetragoneuria canis acid ponds and streamsTetragoneuria cynosura marsh-bordered lakes and slow streamsSomatochlora tenebrosa tiny shaded deciduous forest streams(N Somatochlora cingulata lakes) N Somatochlora albicincta boggy places with slight water movement N Somatochlora franklini puddles in spring-fed bogsSomatochlora minor clear slow forest streamsSomatochlora walshi small ditches in bogsSomatochlora forcipata tiny boggy spring-fed streams, puddles in bogs(N Somatochlora elongata forest streams with rapids and their outlets)Somatochlora williamsoni quiet shady forest streams and their outlets N Somatochlora kennedyi cold bog ponds and puddles(N Somatochlora incurvata sphagnum ponds and puddles)
Identification Drawings

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