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No Magnetic Field

No Magnetic Field

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Published by ghjadhav5422
The paper shows the true face of magnetic force is simply an asymmetric electric force and the true face of magnetic field is the curled electric field. Thus it provides an answer to absence of magnetic monopoles in the universe.
The paper shows the true face of magnetic force is simply an asymmetric electric force and the true face of magnetic field is the curled electric field. Thus it provides an answer to absence of magnetic monopoles in the universe.

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Published by: ghjadhav5422 on Sep 08, 2011
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09/08/2011

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On True Face of Magnetic Field
G H Jadhav
Department of Physics,Shri Chhatrapati Shivaji College,Omerga-413606, Indiae-mail: ghjadhav@rediffmail.com
 Abstract 
 —In the present work we reanalyzed the fields of magnetic materials on the instance of absence of magneticmonopoles. First we reanalyzed the field of a current carryingconductor which determines its true face as an electric fieldwhich is parallel to the wire having zero divergence and non-zero curl. The force exerted on a charged particle by this fieldhas unique direction and does not depend on the direction of the motion of the particle. The non-zero curl of the field causesthe force to be asymmetric in nature because of which acharged particle, placed in it, never moves along a straightpath and follows a curved path. The study explores a basicdifference between the real force and the supposed magneticforce in the fields of magnetic materials suggesting that there isno magnetic field which we have been considering. The realforce in fields of all magnetic materials is electric and exerts interms of field-field interaction. Experimental evidences for thesame are reported. The interaction between poles of barmagnets, the induction of emf and Lenz’s law are explained onthe basis of curled electric fields.
 Keywords- Electric field; Magnetic field; Magneticmonopoles; Field-field interaction; Maxwell's equations;Faraday's law of electromagnetic induction; Lenz's law.
I.
 
I
 NTRODUCTION
Magnetic monopoles have been a curiosity for physicists,and many of them believe that they ought to exist. Thedetection of magnetic monopoles is thought to be an open problem in experimental physics. Since a long period itsdiscovery is awaited. Recently found that some condensedmatter systems show a structure superficially similar to amagnetic monopole, known as a flux tube. The ends of theflux tube form a magnetic dipole, but since they moveindependently, they can be treated for many purposes asindependent magnetic monopole quasiparticles [1] but not as predicted by Dirac [2]. Such an endless race has forced us toreanalyze the concept of magnetic field.We have reanalyzed the field of a direct current carryingconductor using an electrons beam. It determines a parallelelectric field around the wire in which the force isasymmetric and exerts in terms of field-field interaction. A particle subjected to such type of force cannot move along astraight path but follows a curved path. We have confirmedthis field by accelerating electrons thermally emitted. Toconfirm the exertion of the electric force in terms of field-field interaction, we have designed another experiment inwhich a deflection of a current carrying coil is obtained inthe static curled electric field produced by two oppositelycharged electric plates. Such deflections are not allowed inMaxwellian electrodynamics. Using this force we havesuccessfully explained the attraction and repulsion between poles of bar magnets, production of emf in a secondarycircuit and the Lenz’s law.Section II gives the reanalysis of the field of a directcurrent carrying conductor using an electrons beam. SectionIII consists of an experimental arrangement for accelerationof thermally emitted electrons. These electrons areaccelerated by the parallel electric field produced by directcurrent carrying wires. Section IV consists of an additionalexperiment showing deflection of a current carrying coil in astatic electric field having non-zero curl. Section V discussesthe attraction and repulsion between magnetic poles of bar magnets on the basis of electric field. Section VI shows howthe electric field is responsible for the production of emf in asecondary circuit. It also discusses the Lenz’s law. Adiscussion and concluding remarks are in the last section.II.
 
ANALYSIS
 
OF
 
FIELD
 
OF
 
A
 
CURRENT
 
CARRYING
 
CONDUCTOR Aim of our work is to verify the realism of the magneticfield on the instance of absence of magnetic monopoles. Wefirst decided to reanalyze the field of a current carryingconductor since it was led to develop the first mathematicalexpression for magnetic field in terms of electrical charges.A cathode ray tube (CRT) is used for that.
Figure 1. (a), (b), (c) and (d) show deflections of electrons beam in thefield of a direct current carrying conductor.
2011 International Conference on Applied Physics and Mathematics(ICAPM 2011)
134
978-1-4244-9817-8/11/$26.00 ©2011 IEEE
 
 First we kept the CRT parallel to the current carryingconductor like in Fig. 1(a) and noted that the electron beamgoes away from the conductor. Next we reversed thedirection of the CRT and found that the beam comes close tothe conductor. From these observations immediately oneconcludes that there cannot be an electric field since it is nota temperament of an electric field. This conclusion could bea big mistake in understanding the field and can keep usaway from the reality. We must be firm on our determination.We decided to go for next. Next we kept the CRT perpendicular to the conductor like in Fig. 1(c) and foundthat the beam is deflected along the direction of the current.From this we concluded that the force on the electrons in the beam can be parallel to the conductor. To confirm the exactdirection of the force, we shifted the CRT in verticaldirection like in Fig. 1(d) and noticed the deflection. Thedeflection was still parallel to the conductor but decreased. Itimplied that the force on the beam was again parallel to thewire. Our determination was that the force should be anelectric force since the involved particles were electric innature. Thus we got a parallel electric field around theconductor pointing in opposite direction of the current anddecreasing away as shown in figure 2(a). The divergence of the field was zero whereas curl was non-zero. This wasunexpected. Now there was a big question to give answer tothe deflections in Fig. 1(a) and in Fig. 1(b). If we couldsucceed then the obtained field structure might be acceptedotherwise no alternatives could be left other than to acceptthe magnetic field. In Fig. 1(a) the electrons must beaccelerated while acceleration, they are going away from theconductor and in Fig. 1(b) the electrons are decelerated andwhile deceleration they are coming close to the conductor.Immediately we concluded that this can happen only if theforce on these electrons is asymmetric. Essentially the fieldwas decreasing way from the conductor and could result intoasymmetric force if the electron has substantial size. Becauseof this ambiguity we could not
Figure 2. (a) Electric field produced by a long current carrying conductor,(b) an electron in the field of the conductor.
 justify this proposition. No doubt, the force was electric andasymmetric but we were not getting any clue. After conscious brooding, we concluded that the force can beasymmetric if and only if it exerts in terms of a field-fieldinteraction, i.e., the electric field of the conductor appliesforce on the electric field of the electron and vice versa.Using this concept we could successfully explain thedeflections in Fig. 1 as reported below.To explain the deflection in Fig. 1(a), we divide theelectron’s field, placed in the conductor’s field, into two parts through its centre, one is up to the conductor as field
 A
 and the other is away from the conductor as field
 B
.Obviously, the conductor’s electric field applies a greater force on field
 A
than on field
 B
. It results to move the field
 A
 faster than that the field
 B
. Therefore, the electron should goaway from the conductor while accelerating. In case of Fig.1(b), the electrons are decelerated by the conductor’s field.While decelerating, field
 A
of the electron must be moredecelerated than that the field
 B
. It results into electron tocome closer to the conductor. Thus, the usual force equation,
F =
q
 E 
, inferring the charge-field interaction, cannot work.Another equation for the force inferring the field-fieldinteraction needs to be developed.The deflection of an electron beam, shown in Fig. 3, is aninteresting case on the view of electric field. While theelectron is going away from the conductor in a perpendicular direction, the field
 A
of the electron is pushed faster alongthe direction of the current than the field
 B
. This tends tomove the electron along the curved path. Thus the electronmoves in opposite direction of the force which is unexpectedin the electric field.One question arises from the above proposition is thatwhy the current carrying conductor should produce a parallelelectric field? This may be because of maintaining thesurrounding space electrically neutral. We must notice on amechanism that it works always to maintain the spaceelectrical neutral. The space surrounding the conductor wasneutral before the current. The flow of current should havedisturbed it. If one brings another conductor close to the first,of same length carrying same amount of current in oppositedirection, then the net electric field should be reduced. If there is no current in the second conductor then themechanism should try to produce a current in it in oppositedirection so that the disturbed space will become againelectrically neutral. For that the parallel electric field isessential which is produced. The Coulomb force may also begenerated through this mechanism. Same types of 
Figure 3. Deflection of an electron beam in the field of a direct currentcarrying conductor.
2011 International Conference on Applied Physics and Mathematics(ICAPM 2011)
135
 
 charges have same types of electric fields and if they are brought close, the net electric field is increased, therefore,the mechanism should try to keep them away from eachother. When they are opposite types then the mechanismshould try to bring them close to each other so that the netfield reduces or the space becomes more neutral.III.
 
EXPERIMENTAL
 
EVIDENCE
 
FOR 
 
THE
 
PARALLEL
 
ELECTRIC
 
FIELD
 
PRODUCED
 
BY
A
CURRENT
 
CARRYING
 
CONDUCTOR 
 
An experimental arrangement used to notice theacceleration produced in electrons in the field of directcurrent carrying condors is shown in Fig. 4(a). It consists of a vacuum glass tube. At one end cathode and filament arefitted and at the other end an anode is fitted. The tube isuniformly surrounded by number of parallel wires asindicated in Fig. 4(b). The wires are connected to each other in series such that current through them flows in onedirection. An ammeter is connected between anode andcathode to record the anode current. No external source isconnected between anode and cathode. A direct current is passed through the wires to create a parallel electric field inthe tube. Initially the cathode is heated by the filaments,which emits the electrons but the ammeter does not recordany current as there is no any means to accelerate theseelectrons towards the anode. Now the current in the parallelwires in the shown direction is passed and increased in smallsteps and at each step the anode current is noticed. It is foundthat initially the current is zero indicating that the field produced by the parallel wires is not sufficient to acceleratethe electrons. When the current through the wires isincreased, the anode current also increases. A stage isreached at which further increases in the current through thewires does not cause to increase in the anode currentindicating the saturation stage is reached. There is no anodecurrent on the reversion of the current through the wiressince the direction of the field is now to repel the electronsfrom anode side. A low potential battery may be introducedin the series of the anode circuit to overcome path resistanceif any. This experiment is plainly an evidence for the parallelelectric field produced by the direct current carrying wires.
 
IV.
 
EXPERIMENTAL
 
EVIDENCE
 
FOR 
 
FIELD-FIELD
 
INTERACTIONOne has to note that the electric field produced by adirect current carrying conductor has non zero curl but
Figure 4. (a) A glass tube in which cathode and anode are fitted at ends.(b) Illustration of parallel wires carrying current in the same direction fitteduniformly on the glass tube.
zero divergence. Existence of such type of static electric fieldis restricted by Maxwell’s third equation in classicalelectrodynamics [3], and same mechanics permits also to produce such type of electric field on the axis of an electricdipole, as shown in Fig. 5.The electric field at point p is
( )
2/3220
241
 yaqa
πε
+=
 E 
(1)
All the symbols have their usual meanings.The curl of this field is
( )
2/5220
641
 yaqay
πε
curl 
+=
 E 
(2)
Maxwell’s third equation in electrodynamics is
curl 
=
 B E 
 
It gives
∫ 
=
dt curl 
 E  B
 
With using equation (2), we obtain
( )
 yaqay
πε
×
 ⎠ ⎞⎝ ⎛ 
+=
25220
641
 B
(3)
Equation (3) shows that the dipole should produce amagnetic field at point ‘p’ which should increase with time.This is against the experimental observations. Thus thetheory contradicts to itself.As the curled component of the electric field of thedipole is non zero, we must get deflection of a currentcarrying conductor in it. It can help to emphasize the field-field interaction. In fact, such deflection is not allowed by theclassical electrodynamics. The experimental arrangementand its results are as reported below.
Figure 5. Electric field of a dipole..
2011 International Conference on Applied Physics and Mathematics(ICAPM 2011)
136

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