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The Philippine Philatelist [3]

The Philippine Philatelist [3]

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Article submitted to the "The Philippine Hobbyist"
Article submitted to the "The Philippine Hobbyist"

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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: Arturo Brondial del Ayre on Oct 07, 2008
Copyright:Traditional Copyright: All rights reserved

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06/15/2013

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1
by Arturo B. del Ayre
PHILATELIC JARGON
Like any other hobby, philately also has a glossary of specific words.Many of which specify what type of stamps are issued, the manner ofpresentation, the mode of printing, and a lot more.
Fig. 1: CommemorativeFig. 2: Definitive
TYPES
. Postage stamps are generally of three types:Commemoratives, Definitives, and Special Issues. A
COMMEMORATIVE
stamps, Fig. 1, are issued for a limitedtime and quantity to honor a certain person, event,anniversary or group.
DEFINITIVES
, Fig. 2, on the otherhand, are usually small, regular stamp issued in bigquantities and sold longer than the commemoratives.Early Republic issues were one-color definitivesdepicting heroes and heroines, as well as official sealsof various cities and localities.
SPECIAL ISSUES
, on theother hand, promote several causes, the PhilippineHeritage, native flora and fauna, myriad of scenic andtourist spots and others that depict nationalconsciousness and awareness.Other types are almost rare nowadays.
AIRMAIL
are postage used forletters sent by plane. The last Philippine airmail issue was a sheetlet forESPAMER '77 Exposicion Filatelica de America y Europa.
OFFICIAL USE
stamps are adhesive postage prepaid for the franking ofcorrespondence of government departments. The Philippine equivalentis marked with "G.O." until the early 70s or "O.B.", usually hand-written.Anti-TB stamps, a
SURTAX
were compulsary on all mail matters since1958 as per Republic Act No. 1635. With its repeal on August 14, 1974,these stamps were voluntary and later used as regular postage.
RE-ISSUE
is a stamp or series of stamps brought back into use after it hadbeen superseded or out of use. While, a
REPRINT
is an impression takenfrom an original plate of stamps, that have gone out of use, or from newplates derived from the original die.
MARKS
. Postage marks are vary according to purpose. A
POSTMARK
is any mark tapped on mail by postal officials for any postal purposes.Most mail are now franked by postage meter machines. A
 
2
CANCELLATION
, however, is an imprint, e.g., CANCELLED, SPECIMEN,SAMPLE, applied to a stamp to render stamps invalid for postal use.Stamps featuring Philippine Fauna issued in 1978 until 1985 printed byHouse of Questa, England were cancelled-to-order sold at 10% of facevalue. Also, an
OVERPRINT
is any inscription printed on a regular issuestamp in addition to its original vignette or design usually denoting achange of government, in a war, commemorate events, propaganda,etc. Moreover, a
SURCHARGE
is an overprint altering the stamp's facevalue.
Fig. 3: Pair / Se-Tenant
PRESENTATION
. Although majority of stampsare issued singularly, a number is also issued inother forms. A
PAIR
, Fig. 3 is a couple of stampsthat have not been separated. Two different orvariations of stamps in an unseparated pair,occasionally each with different denomination,however, is collectively known as
SE-TENANT
.While a
STRIP
is three or more stamps unservered in asingle row or column; a sheet of stamps containingstrips inverted in relation to their neighbors is a
TETE-BECHE
. A group of stamps, usually four or more iscalled a
BLOCK
. Blocks can be in threeconfigurations, four in a row, four in a colum, or themore common two rows by two columns. Also,stamps are issued in a portable booklet form. OnJune 03, 1998 the Philippine Centennial PrestigeBooklet was issued. Heroes of the Revolutiondefinitives were also released as booklet panes.
Fig. 4: Block of Four
PRINTING
. Most of the Philippines' stamps are now printed either byoffset lithography or by phogravure. In
OFFSET PROCESS
the stamps'designs are produced by a specially prepared lithographic platesprinted into a rubber-blanketed cylinder. While
LITHOGRAPH
stamps areprinted from designs drawn or transferred upon a metal surface, thusthey are smooth to touch. Local lithographers, such as GovernmentPrinting Office / Philippine Bureau of Printing, Asian ProductivityOrganization Production Unit-National Economic and DevelopmentAuthority (APO-NEDA), and Amstar Company produced in successionmost of Philippine stamps beginning 1969, 1975, and 1989,respectively.
PHOTOGRAVURE
stamps are printed from plates producedby photography and etching. Foreign printers like Courvoisier, S.A.,Switzerland and Harrison & Sons, England produced the 1960s issues.From the onset of the Philippine Republic, most stamps were printedby the American Bank Note Co. These stamps were
ENGRAVED
orprinted from plates engraved in recess.

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