, however, is an imprint, e.g., CANCELLED, SPECIMEN,SAMPLE, applied to a stamp to render stamps invalid for postal use.Stamps featuring Philippine Fauna issued in 1978 until 1985 printed byHouse of Questa, England were cancelled-to-order sold at 10% of facevalue. Also, an
is any inscription printed on a regular issuestamp in addition to its original vignette or design usually denoting achange of government, in a war, commemorate events, propaganda,etc. Moreover, a
is an overprint altering the stamp's facevalue.
Fig. 3: Pair / Se-Tenant
. Although majority of stampsare issued singularly, a number is also issued inother forms. A
, Fig. 3 is a couple of stampsthat have not been separated. Two different orvariations of stamps in an unseparated pair,occasionally each with different denomination,however, is collectively known as
is three or more stamps unservered in asingle row or column; a sheet of stamps containingstrips inverted in relation to their neighbors is a
. A group of stamps, usually four or more iscalled a
. Blocks can be in threeconfigurations, four in a row, four in a colum, or themore common two rows by two columns. Also,stamps are issued in a portable booklet form. OnJune 03, 1998 the Philippine Centennial PrestigeBooklet was issued. Heroes of the Revolutiondefinitives were also released as booklet panes.
Fig. 4: Block of Four
. Most of the Philippines' stamps are now printed either byoffset lithography or by phogravure. In
the stamps'designs are produced by a specially prepared lithographic platesprinted into a rubber-blanketed cylinder. While
stamps areprinted from designs drawn or transferred upon a metal surface, thusthey are smooth to touch. Local lithographers, such as GovernmentPrinting Office / Philippine Bureau of Printing, Asian ProductivityOrganization Production Unit-National Economic and DevelopmentAuthority (APO-NEDA), and Amstar Company produced in successionmost of Philippine stamps beginning 1969, 1975, and 1989,respectively.
stamps are printed from plates producedby photography and etching. Foreign printers like Courvoisier, S.A.,Switzerland and Harrison & Sons, England produced the 1960s issues.From the onset of the Philippine Republic, most stamps were printedby the American Bank Note Co. These stamps were
orprinted from plates engraved in recess.