A r c h e t y p e s
Patterns That Play in Our Psyches and Personalities
is a combination of two ancient Greek words:
(meaning, “first” or “original”) and
(”model” or “type”). The word firstappeared in European texts in 1545 via the Latin
which camefrom the Greek.
The Origins of Archetypes
Swiss psychiatrist Carl Jung said that the psyche is composed of three components: the
. According to Jung, the egorepresents the conscious mind while the personal unconscious contains memories, includingthose we have suppressed. The collective unconscious, he believed, is a major part of the psycheinherited from our ancestors—our “two-million-year-old mind.”Archetypes are ancestralpsychic patterns, shared across cultures ascontentless forms buried deepin our collectiveunconscious.Archetypes, then, are blueprints for our personalities, and each of us is shaped and inﬂuencedthroughout our lives by these ancient, pervasive, formless, psychic templates. From time to time,they erupt from the unconscious and manifest as highly charged ideas or images. We can neverknow an archetype directly. We are aware of their existence only through their effects in ourlives—as we pay attention to persistent forms and patterns that show up as our own mentaland emotional habits and behaviors.