3: The Defensive Team
he defensive team, (the
try to catch or stop any ballshit, in order to prevent offensive players advancing around thebases and scoring runs.Good fielders think about the game situation BEFORE each pitch,so when the ball is pitched they know:1) What will I do if the ball is hit to me ?2) What will I do if the ball is hit to someone else ?Each fielder has specific duties and also a number, (used for score-keeping):
When the ball is pitched each infielder must be ready to field battedballs hit towards them on the ground or in the air.
The pitcher starts play by pitching the ball to thebatter, then becomes another infielder ready to field the ball. Thepitcher is well placed to cover any other infielder and back up play.
The catcher kneels or squats behind home plate,returning the ball to the pitcher if it is not hit. The catcher also takesthrows to home plate and tries to get baserunners out before theyreach the base and score a run.
FIRST BASE (3):
This is a busy position, with many balls thrownto first base in an attempt to put batters out who are running fromhome to first. So this fielder needs "safe hands": i.e., he/she needsto be able to hold on safely to thrown balls.
SECOND BASE (4):
The second base player will guard much ofthe right side of the infield. He/she will often catch throws made tosecond base, though the short stop (see below) can do this as well.
THIRD BASE (5):
The third base player will usually take throwsmade to third. This player needs good reflexes (since the ball isoften hit hard in his/her direction) and a good throwing arm, sinceit's a long throw from third to first base.
SHORT STOP (6):
The short stop tries to stop or catch any ballhit towards left field. The short stop is also in a good position totake throws at second base or, occasionally, at third.
See how the infielders are positioned on the diagram to coveras much of the infield area as possible. It is a common fault forinexperienced infield players to stand on their base at all times.This isn't necessary and means that they're not covering as much ofthe field as they could be. it only becomes necessary to touch yourbase if you are trying to get someone out there.
Outfield positions are not quite so rigidly defined as infield positions.The team captain or possibly the catcher may position theoutfielders, sometimes differently for each batter. For example, if ahard-hitting batter is up, the outfielders may all move back, or if aleft-handed batter comes up, the outfielders may all swing aroundtowards right field.In general, however, the
will play in left field.The
will play to the left of the centrefield area. The
will play to the rightof the centre field area. The
RIGHT FIELDER (10)
will play in rightfield. The outfielder’s job is to catch or stop balls hit in theirdirection and return them quickly and accurately to the infield.
Each defensive player, including the pitcher, wears a fielder's gloveto stop and catch balls. These gloves may seem cumbersome atfirst and even a bit cissy but gloves are essential because:
the size and weight of a softball makes it painful and dangerousto catch without a glove (it's not soft!)
a glove will allow you to make catches you could never makebarehanded (your hand is smaller!)
a glove will allow you to control the ball quickly in order tothrow it, which is an essential part of the game.Practice using the glove, catching the ball in the webbing ratherthan the palm and remembering not to rely on the glove to doeverything. Close your fingers on the ball once it goes into theglove and cover the gloved hand with your bare hand to stop theball popping out.Another reason to practice with the glove is that it's worn on yourweaker hand (i.e., if you're right-handed you'll wear a glove on yourleft hand), and you're probably not used to catching with this hand.The reason for this arrangement is so that your stronger hand isfree for throwing.
Part 4: Pitching
Softball, the pitcher must start with a foot in contactwith the pitching plate. He may take one step in any direction, buthis foot must remain in contact with the plate until the ball isreleased. The ball is lobbed underarm and must have an arc whichreaches at least six feet, but no more than twelve feet, from theground. Anything else will be called an illegal pitch by the umpireand will count as a ball unless the batter swings at the pitch.The pitcher in Slowpitch may seem on a hiding to nothing, sinceeveryone is going to hit the ball. But the trick is to use differentkinds of spin, a high arc and variations in the speed or angle ofdelivery to make things as awkward as possible for the batters.As shown in the diagram, the batter will be standing next to homeplate, ready to hit. Here comes the pitch! For a moment, let'signore the main object of the game, which is for the batter to hit theball. Suppose he/she doesn't? What happens then?
Strikes and Balls
A pitched ball will be described (by the umpire) as either a
Basically, a strike is a good pitch and a ball is a badone.
A GOOD PITCH must
be pitched from the pitching plate.
have an arc of between 6 and 12 feet from the ground.
not, in the opinion of the umpire, be too fast.
pass between the height of the batter's knees and backshoulder as he / she stands at home plate in a normal battingstance (you can't make it harder by crouching down!).
pass across some part of the Strike Zone.
THE STRIKE ZONE
is an imaginary three-dimensional columnof space with depth, width and corners corresponding to theshape of home plate. A ball needs to pass through ANY partof this zone to be called a strike.
is a pitched ball which fulfils all of the aboveconditions. In all other cases, the pitch is a
, unless thebatter swings at it.
occurs if three strikes are called against thebatter and the batter hasn't managed to hit the ball into FairTerritory.