From Rabbi Baruch HaLevi Epstein
HEAVENS & EARTH TESTIFY
א ,בל קרפ םירבדיפִ-ירֵמְאִ ץרֶהָ עמַשְתִוְ הרֵָדַאֲוַ םמַשָׁהַ ניזִאֲהַ
ירפסהדעל םימה ?ץראה תאו םימה תא לאריב המ דיעה המלץראה תוצמל ץראהו ,םימה תוצמל
The Heavens testify on Mitzvos such as Kiddush HaChodesh, setting the dates for Yom Tovim(Mitzvos between a person and G-d) The earth testifies on Mitzvos such as Terumah, Maaser, Leket,Shikchah, Peah, etc. (Mitzvos between a person and other people).
THE BLESSING PRIOR TO TORAH LEARNING
ג ,בל קרפ םירבדניקלֹאלֵ לדֶגֹ בהָ ארָקְאֶ 'ה םשֵ יכִ
א א ףד תורב תסמהרותה ןמ הינפל הרותה תרבל ןינמ בר רמאוניקלאל לדג ובה ארקא 'ה ם י רמאנ
T.T. The Gemara in Yuma teaches that when Moshe began to tell over the Shira (of HaAzinu), he toldYisrael I will make a blessing and you will answer after it, amen. This is the intent of “I will call”, tomake a beginning blessing.The Chachamim disagree whether one makes a blessing only on learning Torah, or also on learningMishneh and Talmud. Disagreement hinges on whether one considers the Mishneh and Talmud as proper forms of Scriptural learning since verses are included and explained within them.T.T. Evidently, this disagreement pertains only to the blessing prior to learning. However, all agree thatone only makes the after blessing after reading the Torah, since this reading has a set time asestablished by Moshe. However, learning Mishneh and Talmud has no ending time, and a “final” blessing is not applicable. A possible evidence to this understanding can be learned from Tosefos in Nidah 51b. The people in the West (Eretz Yisrael) make a blessing when the take off their Tefillin (atthe end of the day), and Tosefos explains that they maintain that this mitzvah is not applicable atnight. Thus, since the mitzvah has a set time, one makes an after blessing. However, since wemaintain that the Mitzvah of Tefillin is applicable at all times (only the Rabbis made a decree to takethem off at night to avoid falling asleep while wearing them), thus, this is a constant Mitzvah with nofinal blessing.
ITEMS FOR FURTHER STUDY:
הרב ילב םלועה ןמ הנהנ ו ,בל