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Synopsy Landing Gear

Synopsy Landing Gear

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Published by ashwinkadam

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Published by: ashwinkadam on Sep 11, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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The landing gear of the very first airplanes was notvery complex. Specially designed landing gear and wheelsthat absorbed the extreme loads imparted during takeoffsand landings. In addition, braking systems were installed to provide safer and more efficient control for solving anairplane after landing. In later years, as aircraft designsimproved to flight to reduce aerodynamic loads, or drag.With continued improvements in technology, landing gear systems on modern aircraft are highly reliable and capableof handling extreme conditions, enabling safe transitions between flight and ground mobility. Landing gear designs for aircraft vary from simple,fixed arrangements to very complex retractable systemsinvolving many hundreds of parts.
One type of retractable main landing gear isillustrated in the figure. The assembly consists principallyof the shock strut; the wheel; the brake assembly, thetrunnion, and side brace; the torque link, or “scissors”; theactuating cylinder, the down-and-up locks; and the bungeesystem.To retract the gear, the actuating cylinder isextended by hydraulic pressure. Since the actuatingcylinder can provide greater force during extension of thecylinder than it can during retraction because of the greater  piston area exposed to fluid pressure, the extensionmovement of the actuating cylinder is used to retract thegear. Retraction of the gear requires greater force becauseof gravity. Extension of the actuating cylinder causes thegear to rotate on the trunnion pin until the gear isapproximately in a horizontal position. When the gear reaches the full UP position, a pin on the strut engages theUP latch and locks the gear in the UP position.When the gear is extended, the first movementof the actuating cylinder releases the UP lock. This permitsthe gear to fall of its own weight, and the actuating cylinder acts to snub the rate of fall. Usually there is an orifice check valve in the Up line of the landing-gear hydraulic system;this restricts the fluid flow from the actuating cylinder tothe return line, thus slowing the rate of gear 

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