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Table Of Contents

Simplified Distribution for Fluid Therapy
Total Body Water
Extracellular Fluid
Plasma Volume
Red Blood Cell Volume
Diffusion
Gibbs-Donnan Equilibrium
Osmosis
Ion Pumps
Starling's Forces
Intake
Losses
Hyperosmolality
Volume Depletion
Other Mediators of ADH Release
Renal Effects of ADH
Non-Renal ADH Effects
Osmolar Clearance
Free Water Clearance
Electrolyte Free Water Clearance
Glomerulotubular BalanceGTB
Aldosterone
Atrial Natriuretic Factor
Effects of Angiotensin II
Additional Factors
Summary of Sodium Regulation
Diagnosis
Clinical Manifestations
Treatment - Mild
Treatment - Severe
Classification
Secondary Hyperaldosteronism
Daily Balance
Assessment of Potassium Status
Regulation of ECF Potassium Concentration
Potential Control Mechanisms
Functions
Important Generalisations
Exceptions
Mechanism of Distal Potassium Secretion
-channels
Homeostatic Control Of Distal Secretion
Causes
Manifestations
Hypokalaemia & Alkalosis
Aetiology - 1
Aetiology - 2
Aetiology - 3
Clinical Effects
Treatment - Hyperkalaemia> 6-7 mmol/l
Body Response to Acid
Bicarbonate Reabsorption
Homeostatic Control of Tubular Acid Excretion
Metabolic Acidosis
Metabolic Alkalosis
Extracellular Volume Depletion
Aldosterone Excess and Potassium Depletion
Cortisol and PTH
Correction Factors
Aetiology
Blood Gases
Increased Non-Respiratory Acids
Decreased Bases
Dilutional Acidosis
Treatment
Bicarbonate Administration
Bicarbonate - Clinical Uses
Chloride Responsiveness
Blood Gasses
Other Alkaloses
Effector Sites for Calcium Homeostasis
Control Mechanisms
Secondary Influences
Hormonal Control of Effector Sites
Aetiology HPIM
Symptoms
Clinical Signs
"Clinical Syndromes" of Hypophosphataemia
Absorption & Excretion
Important Functions of Magnesium
Therapeutic Uses Of Magnesium
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USMLE Fluids & Electrolytes

USMLE Fluids & Electrolytes

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Published by: sgod34 on Sep 11, 2011
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