3guidesbyjulie.blogspot.com AP European HistoryEconomic Renewal and Wars of Religion, Review for Sections 11-14The Council of Nobles was sent to the Spanish Netherlands by Philip II to carry out theReconquista. They executed thousands of people, seizing Protestant-owned lands andimposing new taxes upon the people of the Netherlands.De la CouncilDe la CouncilDe la CouncilDe la CouncilBartholomew de las Casas was a Spaniard living in Cuba. He previously owned a mahoganyplantation with numerous slaves. One day, however, he had a paradigm shift and decided thatenslaving Native Americans was wrong.He began to fight a tireless crusade based on the idea that Indians of the New World had souls,which meant they could not be enslaved.He went before the Council of the Indies, arguing that the Indians were Christian, Spanishsubjects. The council later agreed, saying that Indians who converted to Catholicism could notbe enslaved.When Bartholomew built a town and populated them with Indians who lived a Spanishlifestyle, it was later attacked.Explorers were instructed to read the
out to Indians telling them that if theyconverted, they could not be harmed. However, there were loopholes, such as reading it whenthey were miles away, or reading it in Spanish.De Leon/PizDe Leon/PizDe Leon/PizDe Leon/PizaaaarrrrrorororoIn 1513, Ponce De Leon led an expedition that discovered Florida.Pizarro conquered the Incas in Peru, capturing their ruler (the Inca), and demanding ransom of gold and silver in return.Gold and silver had only religious value to the Incas, since gold symbolized the Sun God, whilesilver symbolized the Moon Goddess.The riches in silver found in the Potosi silver mines funded European projects of the king of Spain for years to come. After 1550, 500,000 pounds of silver and 10,000 pounds of goldflowed annually from America to Spain.Destruction of the IndiesDestruction of the IndiesDestruction of the IndiesDestruction of the IndiesWritten by Bartholomew de las Casas, outlining the plight of the Native Americans beingenslaved by conquistadores.Dias,Dias,Dias,Dias, BartholomewBartholomewBartholomewBartholomewRounded the tip of Africa, the Cape of Good Hope. However, he encountered a hurricane afterdoing so and was forced to return to Europe rather than continue sailing to India.His fleet sailed close to the coast of Africa so as not to go astray. Every night, they anchoredand Dias would make notes in his logbook – these would become invaluable to later explorersfollowing his route.