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Table Of Contents

CHAPTER 1. INTRODUCTION
1.1 BACKGROUND
1.1.2 Design Equations for Flexural Strength
1.1.3 Design Equations for Shear Strength
1.1.4 Design Equations for Moment-Shear Interaction
1.1.5 Recent Research on Steel I Girder Bridge Behavior and Design
1.2 PROBLEM STATEMENT AND RESEARCH SCOPE
1.3 OVERALL RESEARCH APPROACH
1.4.1 Focus on Flange Vertical Bending Stress
1.5 ORGANIZATION
CHAPTER 2. OVERVIEW OF DESIGN EQUATIONS
2.1 VERTICAL BENDING STRENGTH
2.1.1 Modified AASHTO LRFD (2001) Equations for Straight Girders
2.1.1.1 General Equations
2.1.1.2 Flange Local Buckling Parameters
2.1.1.3 Base Lateral-Torsional Buckling Equations
Figure 2.1.10. Straight girder lateral-torsional buckling curves (ar = 1)
2.1.1.9 Summary
Figure 2.1.13. McManus’s idealized single span model
2.1.2.5 Recommended Specification Design Limits
2.1.4 Simpson’s Method
2.1.5 Nakai’s Equation
2.1.6 Hanshin Equations
2.1.7 Simplified Equation Proposed by Yoo
2.1.8 Cross-Section Yield Interaction Equations Proposed by Yoo
2.1.8.3 Implications With Respect to Hybrid I Girder Design
2.1.9.1 Motivation
2.1.9.2 Recommended Equations
2.9.1.3 Calculation of Flange Elastic Local Buckling Strengths
2.1.9.4 Summary
2.2 SHEAR STRENGTH
2.2.1 Recommended Specifications (Hall and Yoo 1998)
2.2.2 Current AASHTO LRFD Equations
2.2.3 Lee and Yoo’s Equations (1998)
2.2.4 Modified AASHTO LRFD Equations
2.2.5 Recommended Equations
2.3 MOMENT-SHEAR INTERACTION
2.3.1 Recommended Specifications
2.3.2 AASHTO LRFD (2001)
Figure 2.3.2. Reference moments utilized by Basler (1961c)
Figure 2.3.3. Shear and moment strengths under combined bending and shear
2.3.3 Recommendations
CHAPTER 3. FINITE ELEMENT MODELING
3.1 OVERVIEW
3.2 STRESS-STRAIN REPRESENTATION
3.4 MODELING OF INITIAL GEOMETRIC IMPERFECTIONS
3.5 MODELING OF RESIDUAL STRESSES
3.5.1 ECCS (1976) Model
3.5.2 Culver-Nasir Model (1971)
3.6 CALCULATION OF ELASTIC DESIGN ANALYSIS STRESSES
CHAPTER 4. COMPARISON TO EXPERIMENTAL RESULTS
4.1 TEST CONFIGURATIONS
4.1.1 Single Girder Tests
Figure 4.1.2. Mozer et al. (1971) tests L1-A and L2-A, side view
4.1.2 Two-Girder Test System
4.1.3 Three-Girder Test System
4.2 GEOMETRIC AND MATERIAL PROPERTIES
4.4 SUMMARY OF RESULTS
4.4.1 Single-Girder Test Results
4.4.1.1 Bending Tests
4.4.1.2 Shear Tests
4.4.2 Two-Girder System Results
4.4.3 Three-Girder System Results
4.4.3.1 Full Nonlinear Analysis Predictions
4.4.3.2 Design Equation Predictions
4.5 EXAMPLE DESIGN CALCULATIONS
4.5.3 Flexural Strength Calculations for Specimen B1
4.5.1.1 One-Third Rule Equations
4.5.1.3 Yoo’s (1996) Cross-Section Yield Interaction Equations
4.5.4 Shear Strength Calculations for Specimen S1-0.10
4.5.2.1 Current AASHTO LRFD (2001)
4.5.2.2 Lee and Yoo’s (1998) Equations
4.7 LOAD-DEFLECTION PLOTS
4.7.1 Single-Girder Bending Tests
4.7.2 Single-Girder Shear Tests
4.7.3 Three-Girder System Bending Tests
4.8.2 Bending Tests
4.8.3 Summary
CHAPTER 5. DESIGN OF PARAMETRIC STUDIES
5.1 OVERVIEW
5.2 CONSTANT PARAMETERS
5.3 PRIMARY TEST SUITE
Figure 5.3.1. Configuration for the primary test suite girders
5.4 CROSS-SECTION AND PANEL ASPECT RATIO PARAMETERS
5.5 LENGTH RELATED PARAMETERS
5.6 DESIGN OF END SEGMENTS
Figure 5.6.1. Strengthening of the outside unsupported segments
5.7 DESIGN OF TRANSVERSE STIFFENERS
5.8 GIRDER DESIGN SUMMARY
5.9 MODIFIED UNIFORM VERTICAL BENDING SUITE
5.10 INTERNAL LOADING SUITE
5.11 FREE-END SUITE
5.12 LATERALLY UNSUPPORTED STRAIGHT GIRDER SUITE
Figure 5.12.1. Configuration of laterally unsupported straight girders
5.13 SINGLY-SYMMETRIC GIRDERS
6.1 SPECIMEN 3.25-25-160-1-0.10-0.35 (bf/tf = 25, Lb/bf = 6.5)
6.2 SPECIMEN 2.75-25-160-3-0.05-0.50 (bf/tf = 25, Lb/bf =16.5)
6.3 SPECIMEN 2.75-15-100-3-0.05-0.50 (bf/tf = 15, Lb/bf = 16.5)
6.5. EVALUATION OF GIRDER FLEXURAL DUCTILITY
7.1 PRIMARY TEST SUITE
7.1.2 Evaluation of Strength Ratio Statistics
7.2 MODIFIED UNIFORM VERTICAL BENDING SUITE
7.3 INTERNAL LOADING SUITE
7.7 RESULTS FOR NONSLENDER-WEB GIRDERS
7.8 RESULTS FOR SLENDER-WEB GIRDERS
7.10 FREE-END SUITE
7.11 LATERALLY UNSUPPORTED STRAIGHT GIRDER SUITE
7.12 SINGLY-SYMMETRIC GIRDER SUITE
7.14 SUMMARY
8.1 ULTIMATE SHEAR STRENGTH
8.1.5 Summary
8.1.6 Influence of Horizontal Curvature on Ultimate Shear Strength
8.2 ELASTIC BUCKLING STRENGTHS
8.3 POSTBUCKLING STRENGTH
8.4 ASSESSMENT OF SHEAR STRENGTH EQUATIONS
9.1 DOUBLY SYMMETRIC SPECIMENS
9.2 SINGLY-SYMMETRIC SPECIMENS
CHAPTER 10. CONCLUSIONS
10.1 SUMMARY
10.1.2 Development of Design Recommendations
10.1.2.1 Vertical Bending Strength
10.1.2.2 Shear Strength
10.1.2.3 Moment-Shear Strength Interaction
10.2 RECOMMENDATIONS FOR FURTHER RESEARCH
APPENDIX A. BENDING STRENGTH DATA
A.1 PRIMARY TEST SUITE
A.1.2 First-Order Elastic fl/fb Values
A.2 MODIFIED UNIFORM VERTICAL BENDING SUITE
A.2.2 First-Order Elastic fl/fb Values
A.3 INTERNAL LOADING SUITE
A.3.2 First-Order Elastic fl/fb Values
A.4 FREE-END SUITE
A.4.2 First-Order Elastic fl/fb Values
A.5 LATERALLY UNSUPPORTED STRAIGHT GIRDER SUITE
A.5.2 First-Order Elastic fl/fb Values
A.6 SINGLY-SYMMETRIC GIRDER SUITE
A.6.1 Design Analysis Stresses
APPENDIX B. SHEAR STRENGTH DATA
B.1 ULTIMATE SHEAR STRENGTH
B.2 ELASTIC SHEAR BUCKLING STRENGTH
B.3 POST-BUCKLING STRENGTH
B.4 SINGLY-SYMMETRIC GIRDERS
APPENDIX C. MOMENT-SHEAR INTERACTION DATA
C.2 MAXIMUM V/M DATA, SYMMETRIC GIRDERS
C.3 HIGH-SHEAR HIGH-MOMENT DATA, SYMMETRIC GIRDERS
APPENDIX E. GAUSS POINT RESIDUAL STRESSES
E.1 SINGLE GIRDER TESTS
E.2 TWO-GIRDER TEST SYSTEM
E.3 THREE-GIRDER TEST SYSTEM
E.4 PARAMETRIC STUDY SPECIMENS
REFERENCES
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White Etal 2001

White Etal 2001

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Published by Don White

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Published by: Don White on Sep 11, 2011
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