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Intro to Vector Control of Induction Mc for Electrical Engg

# Intro to Vector Control of Induction Mc for Electrical Engg

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Introduction to Vector Control of Induction Motor. It's complete!!!
Introduction to Vector Control of Induction Motor. It's complete!!!

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04/25/2013

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Introduction to Vector Control of InductionMachines
R.E. BetzDepartment of Electrical and Computer EngineeringUniversity of Newcastle, Australiaemail: reb@ecemail.newcastle.edu.auLast modiﬁed: February 24, 2000Generated: February 24, 2000

Contents
Preface vi1 Fundamentals 1
1.1 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11.2 The Sinusoidal Assumption . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31.2.1 Winding Interaction with Spatial Flux Density Distribution 41.2.2 Winding Interaction with Temporal Flux Density Variation 71.3 Flux Linkage to Sinusoidally Distributed Windings . . . . . . . . 101.4 Other Important Assumptions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111.4.1 Properties of Three Phase Sinusoidal Windings . . . . . . 121.5 Torque Expressions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 131.5.1 Torque of a Simple Reluctance Machine . . . . . . . . . . 141.5.2 Linear Torque Model . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 241.5.3 The Ellipse Diagram for co-energy . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
2 The Kron Primitive Machine 36
2.1 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 362.2 Model for the Doubly Fed Machine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 362.2.1 Zero saliency case . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 382.2.2 One degree of saliency case . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 382.2.3 Torque expression . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 382.3 Commutator Machines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 402.4 The Primitive Machine Concept . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 422.4.1 Use of the Primitive Machine - the DC Machine . . . . . 462.5 Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
3 Frame transformations, DQ and Space Vector Models 50
3.1 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 503.2
dq
Models . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 503.2.1 Stationary Frame Transformations . . . . . . . . . . . . . 513.2.2 Rotating Frame Transformations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 573.2.3 Example: SYNCREL Linear
dq
Model . . . . . . . . . . . 603.3 Space Vector Model . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 653.3.1 Current Space Vectors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 653.3.2 Flux Linkage Space Vector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 703.3.3 Voltage Space Vector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 723.3.4 Example: SYNCREL Space Vector Model . . . . . . . . . 733.3.5 Space Vector Power Expression . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74

CONTENTS ii
3.3.6 Example: Space Vector Expression for SYNCREL Torque 763.3.7 Relationship Between Space Vectors and
dq
Models . . . 783.4 Steady State Model . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79
4 Vector Control of Induction Machines 81
4.1 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 814.2 Vector Models for Induction Machines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 814.2.1 Flux Linkage Expression . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 814.2.2 Magnetising Current . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 844.2.3 Power and Torque Expressions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 844.2.4 The Space Vector Model of the Induction Machine . . . . 894.3 A Heuristic Explanation of Vector Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . 914.4 Special Reference Frames . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 944.4.1 The Magnetising Flux Linkage Reference Frame . . . . . 944.4.2 The Rotor Flux Linkage Reference Frame . . . . . . . . . 964.4.3 Stator Flux Linkage Reference Frame . . . . . . . . . . . 974.5 Derivation of Rotor Flux Oriented Vector Control . . . . . . . . . 994.6 Structure of a Rotor Oriented Vector Drive . . . . . . . . . . . . 1034.6.1 Indirect Rotor ﬂux Oriented Controller . . . . . . . . . . 1034.6.2 Direct Rotor Flux Oriented Controller . . . . . . . . . . . 1044.7 Magnetising Flux Orientation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106
A Calculation of Inductances for Salient Pole Machines 107
A.1 Calculation of Inductances . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107A.1.1 Self Inductances . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109A.1.2 Mutual Inductances . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117A.1.3 Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120
B Winding Functions 121
B.1 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 121B.2 Ideal Sinusoidal Winding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 122B.2.1 Conventional inductance calculation . . . . . . . . . . . . 122B.2.2 Alternative inductance calculation . . . . . . . . . . . . . 125B.3 Non-sinusoidal winding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 128B.3.1 Inductance Using Basic Principles . . . . . . . . . . . . . 128B.3.2 Inductance Using Winding Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . 131B.4 Flux Linkage Expression . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 132B.5 A Note on Winding Functions for Multi-pole Machines . . . . . . 133B.6 Conclusion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 134

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