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Flare and Incenator

Flare and Incenator

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Published by Madhan Kumar
useful system
useful system

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Published by: Madhan Kumar on Sep 12, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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01/18/2012

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~IIII
;,
Number:
79-K-001-PD
II
I.
II
I
II
PROJECT
SPECIFICA
nON
.
.',.
RevisionNo:
··co
Date]
:0912006)
Page:
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1.FLARESYSTEMPROCESSDESCRIPTION
TheFlareSystemscollectand
dispose
'ofthehydrocarbonvapours(andanycondensedvaRourasaresult)generatedduring
normal,
abnormalandemergencyreliefscenarios.Therewil'bethreeflaresystems:Eth.y1ene'FlareSystemPolyethylene
I
Butene-lflaresystem
Low
Pressure
FlareSystem
For
Phase-I,
reliefs
from
the.Ethyl.·enePlant,
eTX
Plant,aut~ne-1Plant,Polymerplants(LLDPE,
H
DPE
&
PP)lspheres,
utilities
andoffsite
areas
aredischarged
to
thehigh
pressureflare.systems;Relieffrom
the,
process
unitsvviJIbe
collectedfirst
intheunitISBtknockout
drums
beforedischarqinq.to
the
mainflareheaders.ifheheadersystemwillbesizedassumingrelieffromthePhaseIIMonoS!yreneRlantwillbeaddedtothePolyethyl'eneflareheaders.
Alow
pressureflare..
system
will
collect.andsafely
dispose
o.f
the.
Ipw
pressure
operational
(non-reliefvalve)discharges
from
RrOCeSSjutilitiesandbffsite,areas,RlusanyreliefsourcesVvtlichcannottoleratethehigherHP~stemoJ:)eratingpressure,Thesejn·cludevents·from
pump
andcomRres'sorseals
andequipmentvents.Tthe
LowPressureFlarevvillb@indeRendentfromtheHPflares.1.1ETHYLENEFLARESYSTEMTheEthylene.·FlareSystem·shallcollectanddisposeofdischarges,n-omth.e.Ethylenep-Iant,fromU&COunitsandpossiblyafutureM~tathesis
(Phase-ll)
plantItwillnormallyoJ:)erateat~ustaboveatmosJ:)hericRressurew11ilsthandlingRurgefloVIISandminorleakages.Th
e
fl
are
system
sh
allcomprise
of
the"foll"ovving·:
o
An·OSBL.flareknockoutdrum(EthyleneFlareKODrumV-7901)
dTwo
fl.areknockoutdrumpumpsEthyleneFlare
KO
DrumPumRsP-7901AlB)
o
Amultipoint-groundflareVvithassocIatedstaging
valves
(EthYleneFlareFL-il901)
o
AnairassistedflareWithassociatedknockout/sealdrum(EthyleneLiquidSealKODrumV-7902)andtwoairassistblowers(EthyleneFlareBlowersB-7901
~/B)
 
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Number:
79-K-001-PD
II
I.
II
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PROJECT
SPECIFICA
nON
.
.',.
RevisionNo:
··co
Date]
:0912006)
Page:
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of?
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Class:
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The
mainflareheader-willcollecttheflaregasesandroutethemtothee
·OSBL
FlareKnockOu.tDrumiV-7901.TheEthyle'neFlareKnockOutDrumPumps.P-7901AlB
VIIi!"!
disposeofthecondensedvaf20urlfromtheEthyleneFlareKODrumV-7901routingittotheBenzeneOilyWaterStorageT~nkITK-7705)orFlareHeaderOilySumpT~nk(TK-7901dependingonthe
level-and
temperatureoftheBenzene'Oily\IVat~r$torag~:Tank.ifheairassistedflaresystems"Nillhandlethereliefflowsthatoccurbelowthestagingpressureofthefirststageofthegroundflare.ThesubsequentstagesoftheMultiPointGroundFlareopenupasthepressureincreases.ThestagingsystemwillbeDeScontrolled,withbucklingRinbYRassvalvesinstalledaroundeachstagingvalveintheeventoffailure.
..
The
watersealintheFlare
Knock
OutlSe~1drum~-7902willpreventairingressandtheflareflamepropagation
to:
.theflareheader.Thewatersealwill.
maintain
.apositivebackpressureinthemainheaderand¥viIIalsoremovethe.entrainedliquidsfromtheflareknockou.t
drum:
Theflareknockout/sealdrumwill'beprovidedwithlowpressuresteam'heatingtomaintainthet.emperatureoftheliquidabovefreezinqpointandalsotovaporiseth.eJight
hydrocarbons,
Service
water
supplywill
maintain
theliquid
level
in
the
flareknockout/sealdrum.ExcessliquidcollectedintheFlareknockoutlsealdrum\'ViIIbegravit:ydrain.edunderlevel.controlintotheFlareHeaderOilySumgTank(TK-7901).ffheFlareHeaderOilySumpPumpsP-7902AJBprovidedinTK-7901willdischargetheoilY]wastewatertotheBenzeneOilyWaterStorageTank(TK-7705)forfurtherhandling.
The,
MultiPoint.GroundFlares.ystemFL-7901vvillincludetheflaredistributionmanifoldandthe.burnerssystem.Theflaresystem
·will
be
designed
forsmokelessoperationforaUreliefscenanos.TheflareheadersVvillnormallyhepurged
Vvith'
fuelgas'.Purgestations.wfllbeprovidedatthe.end
pf
eachsub-headervvithintheunitstoensureaconstantsweep
o.f
the.headerpiping;vvtiichexcludesanyoxygenfromenteringthesystem..Fuelgasvvill
be
usedforthepilotsandigniters..TheMulti
Point
GroundFlare.'and
the.
AirAssistFlarevvillbelocated
ihside.
acommonradiationfi'.eld.An18mradiationfence
Will
beprovidedaroundtheflare'areatoenclose.theftamesand
to:
minimizeradiationandnoise
level,
 
~IIII
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Number:
79-K-001-PD
II
I.
II
I
II
PROJECT
SPECIFICA
nON
.
.',.
RevisionNo:
"CO
Date]
:0912006)
Page:
5
of?
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Class:
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1.2POLYETHYLENEIBUTENE-1FLARESYSTEMThePolyethylerlelButene-1FlareSystemshall.collectanddisposeof
discharges
fromthePolyethylene,Ptopylene,BTX,Butene-'1,MonoStyren~(Phas~-n)andU&Ounits.Itwillnormallyo~erateatjustaboveatmosRheric~ressureVllhilsthandling~urgeflowsandminonleakages.Theflare·systemshallcomprise.'ofthefollovvi'ng:,dA
separate
56"diametermainflareheader
o
A
pipelineboot.
o
A
multi
polntqroundflare
with
associated
sta,-gingvalves(PolyethyleneFlareFL-7Q05)oAnairassisted,flarewithassociatedknock.out/sealdrum(PolyethyleneLiquidSealKODrumV-7907}and
twoair
assistblowers.PolyethyleneFlareBlowers6-7902AlB)
o
Igniti"onSystem-Primary:highenergys~ark~stem,withbacku~manualflame
-~
rontgeneratonThemainflare
header-will
collecttheflaregaseft"orntheindividual
ISBL
knockoutdrums'oftherespective:processunitsand_routeit
to
thep·0IyethylenelButene..
t
flare
system..Anyeventualliquidearrvoverfromthe'ISBL.kno.cout,
drums
vvillbecollectedinthepipelineboot.upstreamofflarepackage,beforeb~inggraVitydrainedtothe.P·Qlyethylen~/Butene.-1header:'oilysumptank'(TK-7903).For'normaloperationalflaring,theqasesfromthePolyethylen'e/Butene-1flareheadervvillberoutedtotheairassistflareknockout/sealdrum.Foremerqencyrelease,therelievedqaswillberoutedtotheMultiPointGroundFlare.ifheairassistedflaresystems"Nillhandlethereliefflowsthatoccurbelowthestagingpressureofthefirststageofthegroundflare.ThesubsequentstagesoftheMultiPointGroundFlareopenupasthepressureincreases.ThestagingsystemwillbeDeScontrolled,withbucklingRinbYRassvalvesinstalledaroundeachstagingvalveintheeventoffailure.Thewatersealinthe.Flare.Knock'Out/SealDrum'iV-790willpreventtheflareflame.'propagationtotheflareheader.Thewatersealwillalsomaintainapositivebackpressurein
the-main
header.Thisdrumvvill.alseremovetheentrainedliquidsfromtheflareknockoutdrum,TheFlareKnockOutlS.eal
Drum
Vv'illbeprovidedVvithlowpressure"steamheatinqto
maintaln
thetemperature'ofthe'
liquid
aboven-e·.eZi"ngointandalsotovaporisethelighthydrocarbons.
Service
watersupplyWillmaintaintheliquidlevelintheflareknockout/sealdrum.Theliquidcollectedinthe,Flareknockout/5·e.8.1rum
'\lViU
begravi~drainedunderlevelcontrolinto
the
Polyethylene/Butene..1FlareHeaderD.ilySumpTank(TK-7903).The.·FlareHeaderOHy
Sump
Pumps.P-7908AJBRrovidedinTK-7903Vv'illdischargetheoilywastewaterto
the
BenzeneOilyVVat,erStorage
Tank
(TK-7705)forfurtherhandling.TheM!JltiPointGroun.qFlareS:yst~mwillincludetheflaredistributionmanifoldand
the
burners'system.Theflaresystemvvillbedesigned'forsmokeless
operation
forallreliefscenarios.

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