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Cooperative Safeguarding of Cultural Heritage the School Museum of Pusol in Elche (Spain)

Cooperative Safeguarding of Cultural Heritage the School Museum of Pusol in Elche (Spain)

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Fernando García Fontanet, Luis Pablo Martínez Sanmartín, "Cooperative Safeguarding of Cultural Heritage: The School Museum of Pusol in Elche (Spain)", en Ways of Safeguarding the Intangible Cultural Heritage. Papers of an International Conference at Pécs September 17-20, 2007, Budapest, European Folklore Institute, 2008, pp. 123-128.
Fernando García Fontanet, Luis Pablo Martínez Sanmartín, "Cooperative Safeguarding of Cultural Heritage: The School Museum of Pusol in Elche (Spain)", en Ways of Safeguarding the Intangible Cultural Heritage. Papers of an International Conference at Pécs September 17-20, 2007, Budapest, European Folklore Institute, 2008, pp. 123-128.

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Published by: Luis Pablo Martínez on Sep 12, 2011
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09/12/2011

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Szellemi
kulturalisorokseg-
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amegorzes
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WaysofSafeguardingtheIntangibleCulturalHeritage
ApeGsinemzetk6zikonferenciael6adasaib61/PapersofanInternationalConferenceatPees2007.szeptember
17-20/
September
17-20,2007
Eur6paiFolkl6rlntezetEuropeanFolkloreInstituteBudapest
 
Amegjelenesttarnoqatta/SponsoredbyNemzetiKulturaJisAlap/NationalCulturalFund
nka
.mntllWlllir'U"_Jo\~p
Szerkesztette/Edited
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Csonka-TakacsEszterForditas,lektoralas/Iranslatsdby,revisedbyC.SzalaiAgnesFrankOrsolyaThomasCooperTordejte/l.ayoutbyPusztaiJanosAszerkeszt6
rruokatarsai/Co-editors
C.SzalaiAgnesEredicsJuliaFazekasZsuzsaHavayVikt6riaFelel6skiad6/Published
by
HoppalMihalyEur6paiFolkl6rlntezet'EuropeanFolkloreInstituteH-1011Budapest,SzilagyiDezsoter6.Tel.
I
fax:+3612122039www.folkline.hu2008ISBN978-963-87755-5-9Nyomdairnunkak/PrintedbyFVTeamNyomdaipariBt.
 
CooperativeSafeguardingofCulturalHeritage:TheSchoolMuseumofPusolinElche,
Spain'
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FernandoGarciaDirectorSchoolMuseumofPuso/
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LuisPabloMartinezInspectorofCulturalHeritageGeneralitatdelaComunitatValenciana
ThecityofElcheislocatedinthesoutheasterncorneroftheIberianPeninsula.Elche(Spain)countstwopropertieswhoseheritagevaluehasbeenrecognizedbyUNESCO:thePalmeral,inscribedintheWorldHeritageList(2000),andtheMysteryPlayofElcheor
Festad'E/x,
pro-claimedaMasterpieceoftheOralandIntangibleHeritageofHumanity(2001).Likemanyotherplacesintheworld,thecityofElcheexperiencedanintensetransfor-mationduringthelastcentury.In1900,with27,430inhabitants,Elchewasstillaruraltown.Agricultureplayedadeterminingroleinthelocalcultureandeconomy,untilthemiddleofthe20thcentury.Inthe1960s,thecitybeganaprocessofdemographicincreaseandacceleratedindus-trialization.TodayElche,with226,198inhabitants,isadynamiccityintransformationtowardbecomingasocietybasedonknowledgeandinformation.Agriculturehascometobeamarginalactivity,thoughitunquestionablyaddsalandscapevaluetothecommunity.Pusolisaplacename,oneofthirtyruraldistrictssurroundingElcheinwhatiscalledthe
Campd'Elx
orcountrysideofElche.Until1960,educationalfacilitiesintheCampd'Elxwerefewandprecarious.Thefewschoolsthatdidexist
are
:lilytiser-'illy
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so
len
:el-
ler
.st,
lat
els:he
123
wereinprivatehomesorsimilarfacilities.Toeducatethechildrenofthelocalfarmers,privateteacherswerecritical.AschoolwasbuiltinPusolin1960,withinthecontextofestablishinganetworkofprimaryschools,undertheeducationaladministrationofSpain,theNationalMinistryofEducation,andsupportedbythemunicipality.ThegoalwastoprovideahigherqualityofpubliceducationfortheruralpopulationaroundElche.Atatimeofhighbirthrates,thesenewruralschoolssoonbecameovercrowded;eachonehaddozensofchildrenofdifferingages,taughtbyjustoneortwoteacherswhohadtoteachchildrenatdifferenteducationallevelssimultane-ously.Atthetime,teachingintheseruralschoolswasachallenge,educationalandglobal,
tor

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