Chapter 11- Water Pollution11.1 Types of Water PollutionWater pollution- any contamination of water that lessen its value to humans and other species- aquaticand nonaquatic
unsuitable for irrigation
unsuitable for use in factories
unfit for domestic consumptionAffects both groundwater and surface watersSurface water- bodies of water in direct contact with the atmosphereGround water- water found in the groundIn saturated soilsIn aquifersClassified by:1.
Toxic organic chemicalsf.
Oxygen-demanding organic wastesPoint Source Water PollutionPoint source water pollution- has its source in a well-defined locationi.e. pipe through which a sewage treatment plant or factory discharges waste into either surface orgroundwaterNonpoint Source Water PollutionNonpoint source water pollution- does not arise from distinct point sources; when pollutants arewashed into bodies of water from large areasi.e. farmland where chemicals drain into groundwater or surface waters, pastures, constructionsites, cities, lawns, storm drains11.2 Major Pollutants, Prevention, and ControlTwo basic approaches for ensuring clean water supplies:1.
Water pollution controla.
Pollution control devices- technologies that remove pollutants from the effluents of factories and sewage treatment plantsi.
Usually applied to point sourcesii.
Pollutants are treated so they become less harmful, or are concentrated anddisposed of 1.
Often in landfillsiii.
Output controls- deal with the pollutant after is has been produced