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PSALMS 45 TO 70

PSALMS 45 TO 70

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Published by glennpease
BY REV. ALEXANDER MACLAREN, D.D.
BY REV. ALEXANDER MACLAREN, D.D.

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Published by: glennpease on Sep 12, 2011
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04/25/2013

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PSALMS 45 TO 70
BY REV. ALEXADER MACLARE, D.D.
PSALM XLV.1 My heart seethes [with] goodly speech:I speak my work fpoem) to a king:My tongue is the pen of a swift scribe.2 Thou art fair beyond the sons of men;Grace is poured on thy lips :Therefore God has blessed thee for ever.,3 Gird thv sword on thy thigh, O hero.Thy splendour and thy majesty.4 [And [in] thy majesty] press forward.ride on.For the help of truth, and meekness-righteousness :And thy right hand shall teach thee awe-striking deeds.5 Thine arrows are keen — The peoples fall under thee — Into the heart of the enemies of the king.6 Thy throne, O God, is for ever and aye:7 A sceptre of uprightness is the sceptre of thy kingdom.Thou lovest righteousness, and hatest in-iquity :Therefore God, thy God, has anointed theeWith the oil of gladness above thy fellows.8 Myrrh and aloes [and] cassia [are] allthy robes ;
 
Out of palaces of ivory, stringed instru-ments make thee glad.9 King's daughters are among thy favour-ites :The consort stands at thy right hand inOphir gold.10 Hearken, _ O daughter, and behold, andincline thine ear;And forget thy people, and thy father'shouse ;11 So shall the king desire thy beauty:For he is thy lord; and bow thou down tohim.12 And the daughter of Tyre [shall come]with a gift ;The richest among the peoples shall seek thyfavour.13 All glorious is the king's daughter in the inner  palace :Of cloth of gold is her garment.14 In embroidered robes is she led to the king:Maidens behind her, her friends, are broughtto thee.15 They are brought with gladness and exulta-tion :They enter into the palace of the king.16 Instead of thy fathers shall be thy children :Thou wilt make them princes in all the earth.17 I will commemorate thy name through gen-eration after generation :Therefore shall the peoples praise thee for ever and aye.
 
This is an epithalamion or ode on a king's mar-riage. The usual bewnldering variety of con- jectures as to his identity meets us in commenta-ries. The older opinion points to Solomon's mar-riage to an Egyptian princess, to which it is ob- jected that he was not a warrior king, as the mon-arch of the psalm is. Hitzig regards " daughter of Tyre," in ver. 12, as a vocative, and thereforelooks for a king who married a Tyrian woman.He is obliged to go to the northern kingdom tofind one, and pitches on Ahab. because Jezebelwas the daughter of " a king of the Zidonians,"and Ahab had an " ivorv house" (x Kings xxii.39). It is hard to believe that that wedded pair of evil memory are the originals of the lovely por-traits in the psalm, or that a psalmist would rec-ognise the kingdom of Israel as divinelv estab-lished and to be eternally upheld. Besides, theconstruction of ver. 12. on which this theorv pivots, is doubtful, and the daughter of Tyre "herementioned is more probablv one of the bringer?133THE PSALMS.of gifts to the bride. The attributes of the kingand the promises for his descendants cannot beextended, without incongruity, beyond the Da-vidic Hne. Hence Delitzsch has selected Jeiioram,the son of Jehoshaphat. principally because hiswife, Athaliah, was of Tyrian descent, being Jeze- bel's daughter, and partly because his father had been a trader, which accounts for the allusionsto gold of Ophir and ivory. These are slender grounds of identification, to say nothing of themiserable contrast which Jehoram's reign — adreary record of apostasy and defeat, culminatingin a tragic death and a dishonoured grave (2Chron. xxi.) — would present to the psalm. Somecommentators have thought of the marriage of aPersian king, mainly because the peculiar word

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