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Shortwave Radio

Shortwave Radio

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Published by Jim
Build your own short wave radio.
Build your own short wave radio.

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Published by: Jim on Oct 10, 2008
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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07/01/2014

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ELECTRONICS
Receive Short WaveOn Your Home Radio
By Len BuckwalterHere is the most inexpensive route to short-wavelistening—the conversion of a table model radio.
J
UST above the broadcast band exists the bustling activity of various communications services. A sweep across the dialfrom 1.7 to 5.5 mc will tune ship-to-shore stations, commercialtelephone, weather, WWV time signals, and the 80 meterham band.With little expense or special skill a table model AC-DC radiocan easily be converted for use on these frequencies. The costmay be kept below $4.50 even if all the parts are purchased new.Here's how it works. The tuning range of the home receiver isaltered by replacing the antenna and oscillator coils and tuningcondenser. The parts are readily available from local distributorsor mail order houses. Alignment, described later, is accomplishedwith signals received off-the-air.
The converted receiver
may 
be used with its original speaker. However,headphone reception, valuable for receiving weak stations, is provided for.
1306
 
actually select your desired signal andhear it on what becomes effectively aclear channel, free from interferencefrom other CW or phone signals.The surplus filter designated FL-5-F,has long been used for separating codesignals. In its original state the filter introduces a loss in signal level whichmay be serious enough to cause thesignal to become inaudible during deepfades. The incorporation of the amplifier, however, places the picture in adifferent light, and instead of encountering losses, we have a gain of up to-(-4 db at 1020 cps only, with an extremely sharp peak in the "sharp"position. In the BROAD position, usedfor 'phone reception, the overall gain isas much as -f 19 db.The filter, which is the heart of theSignal Splitter, is housed in a metalcase measuring 3%" wide by 2%"deep by 4" high. The top cover is takenoff easily when four screws are removed, one from each corner.1) Drill %" hole to accommodate12AU7 socket, approximately %"in from left side.2) Drill %" hole, %" in from rightside for 'phone jack Jl.3) At approximate center, drill holeto accommodate function switchSI, 5/16" for toggle switch, or
Vz"
by
Yi"
for slide switch, whichever is preferred.Another hole must be drilled to allowentry of power supply leads and theinput audio lead from the receiver. Thisaudio lead must, of course, be shieldedto prevent hum pickup. The size of thehole is dictated by the combined wiresizes, and it should be drilled on the leftside at a point about 1" irom the top.To operate the Signal Splitter, afterthe power supply has been connectedand turned on, first turn the functionswitch to the BROAD position, connectthe audio input lead to the headphone
 jack on your receiver, then plug your
headset into the output jack on the topof the signal splitter. You should be ableto hear all the signals you would normally hear, but at greatly increasedsound level due to the amplificationwithin the unit. Reduce your receiver
Various interconnections should have enoughslack so cover of filter case may be removed.
audio to a comfortable listening level.Now, turn the function switch toSHARP and operate your receiver BFOin the normal manner. You will noticeimmediately that the signals will not beas loud as when in BROAD position andthat 'phone signals will no longer be intelligible. This is normal, due to theextremely sharp tuning characteristicsof the filters. However, you will alsonotice that as you tune across your receiver dial with the BFO on, that oneparticular note (1020 cycles) will appear to be particularly loud, and thatalmost invariably you will hear only onesignal at a time. •1305
PARTS LISTRI.R4—580,000 ohm
</i 
» resistorR2—1000 ohm '/j wR3.R6—33,000 ohm 1/2 wR5—3300 ohm >/
2
wCI,C2,C3,C5—.03 mfd 400 volt Aerovox AerolitecapacitorsC4—25 mfd electrolytic 25 voltJ—phone jackPLI—phone plugSI A,SIB—DPDT slide switchFIA.FIB—Filter FL-5-F (available at most surplusdealers or Concord-Niagara, 47 Warren St., NewYork City)VIA.B— I2AU7 tube and socketPower Supply PartsR7—120 ohm
'/,
wR8—920 ohm '/j wR9—33,000 ohmC4.C7—20 mfd ISO vDl—Silicon diode rectifier (Sarkes-Tarzian M-ISO)T—Power transformer (Stancor PS84I5 or Triad
RS4X)
S02—Chassis socket (Cinch-Jones S-304-AB)PL2—Power Plug (Cinch-Jones P-304-AB)Case—Aluminum box 4"x2'/
t
"xl-VI»"
 
OSCILLATOR
The new parts are wired into receiveras above. They are LI, L2, CI, and C2.Note points in circuit to which theyare connected (12BE6, AVC, B-).Main tuning condenser CI and thetwo coils. At the right Is the tappedoscillator coil L2. Antenna coil LIabove it has two separate windings.Underside of chassis showing mounting detail of ofcillator coil L2 at theupper right hand corner. Immediatelyabove it is the 12BE6 converter tube.

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