Umayyad Mosque, Damascus, Syria
Najm ad-DiUn AyyuUb
(Arabic: ?D?D?D?D?D?D?D?D?D?D?D?D?D?D?D?D?D?D ; Kurdish: ?D?D?DSD?DOD?D?D?D?D?D?D?D?D
) (born, Tikrit, Iraq c. 1138, died March 4, 1193), better known as
inmedieval Europe, was a Sultan of Egypt and Syria. He was a Kurdish Muslim and led the Islamicopposition to the Third Crusade.At the height of his power, the Ayyubid dynasty he founded, ruled over Egypt, Syria, Iraq,Hejaz, and Yemen. He led Muslim resistance to the European Crusaders and eventuallyrecaptured Palestine from the Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem. As such, he is a notable figure inArab, Kurdish, and Muslim culture.Saladin was a strict practitioner of Sunni Islam. He did not maim, kill or retaliate against thosewhom he defeated, with the notable exception of certain events following the Battle of Hattin.His generally chivalrous behaviour was noted by Christian chroniclers, especially in the accountsof the siege of Krak in Moab.
ad-Diô n ibn Ayyuô b
in 1138 from a predominantly Kurdish backgroundand ancestry. His family lived in Tikrit, Iraq where he was born during the Islamic world'sGolden Age. His father, Najm ad-Di•n Ayyu•b, was banned from Tikrit and moved to Mosulwhere he met Imaâd ad-Din Zengi, the Turkish atabeg or regent of Mosul at the time who wasalso the founder of the Zengid dynasty, who was leading Muslim forces against the Crusaders inEdessa.
Ima†d ad-Din Zengi appointed Najm ad-Din as the commander of his fortressin Baalbek. After the death of ImaØd ad-Din Zengi in 1146, his son, NuØr ad-DiØn, became theregent of Mosul. Saladin received his name from Nu*r ad-Di*n and was sent to Damascus tocontinue his education and this was where he also completed his educational studies. Severalsources claim that during his studies he was more interested in religion than joining the military.Another factor which may have affected his interest in religion was that during the First Crusade