considered a “Re-Judaizing” of Christianity, and of course the Eastern rejection of the
could only be seen as a spit in the face at an order of the Pope.The
is a Latin phrase that means literally “and (from) the son.” It was insertedinto the Nicene Creed by the Catholics when referring to the Trinity, and follows “who proceedsfrom the father,” so it reads “who proceeds from the father and the son.” This greatly changedthe theology that Christian fathers had been working so hard to hammer out for the illiterate or uninformed church member. Pope Leo III even had the creed, with the
, engraved on twosilver tablets, one in Greek and the other in Latin, and placed them at the tomb of Saint Peter.The Eastern Orthodox church, rejected this stance, condemning any “tampering” with the NiceneCreed. (Farrell, p. 88)During this time period the Middle East was being swept by Islam, which eventually ledto the Crusades, of which too much has already been written. With the
in mind we see a pattern of assumed Papal superiority over all other church bodies, including those outside of Christianity. Since the eighth century the Pope has used the title
, literally the“Vicar of Christ” or “In the Person of Christ,” in other words the Pope declared himself to be anEarthly representative of Christ, though some later Popes had removed that title fromthemselves, it is still a title and a concept used to this day, cap stoned with the First VaticanCouncil of 1870 where the Pope was recognized as “infallible.” (Farrel, p. 149) All of this isespecially perplexing when one gets into the Pagan roots of Christianity and the CatholicChurch’s role in securing these doctrines, the most obvious example of this are the largestrecognized Christian holidays, Easter and Christmas.