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Buku Ajar Taksonomi Tumbuhan1

Buku Ajar Taksonomi Tumbuhan1

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Published by: smastoideus on Sep 14, 2011
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DAFTAR ISI
DAFTAR ISI ........................................................................................................................1PENDAHULUAN ............................................................................................................... 41.1. DEFENISI DAN RUANG LINGKUP ..................................................................... 41.2. TUJUAN ................................................................................................................... 41.3. HUBUNGAN DENGAN ILMU BOTANI LAIN ....................................................51.4. TAHAP PERKEMBANGAN ...................................................................................5DETERMINASI .................................................................................................................. 72.1. CARA MENDETERMINASI TUMBUHAN .......................................................... 72.2. ATURAN PEMBUATAN KUNCI DETERMINASI .............................................. 82.3. MENGGUNAKAN KUNCI DETERMINASI ......................................................... 92.4. JENIS-JENIS KUNCI DETERMINASI TUMBUHAN .......................................... 92.5. MEMBUAT CONTOH KUNCI DETERMINASI SEDERHANA .......................10TATA NAMA (NOMENKLATUR) .................................................................................123.1. SEJARAH TATANAMA TUMBUHAN ............................................................... 123.2. NAMA UMUM ......................................................................................................133.3. NAMA ILMIAH ..................................................................................................... 143.4. PRINSIP DAN PERATURAN TATANAMA TUMBUHAN ............................... 143.5. KOMPOSISI NAMA ILMIAH .............................................................................. 153.6. TINGKAT KESATUAN TAKSONOMI ............................................................... 163.7. TIPE TATANAMA TUMBUHAN ........................................................................173.8. SATU TAKSON SATU NAMA ............................................................................18KELAS CHAROPHYCEAE (CHARACEAE) .................................................................19(Ganggang karang) .........................................................................................................19(Ganggang pirang) ......................................................................................................... 215.1. Bangsa Phaeosporales .............................................................................................215.2. Bangsa Laminariles .................................................................................................225.3. Bangsa Dictyotales ..................................................................................................245.4. Bangsa Fucales ........................................................................................................25(Ganggang merah) ......................................................................................................... 276.1. Anak kelas BANGIEAEA (PROTOFLORIDEAE) ...............................................276.2. Anak kelas FLORIDEAE ....................................................................................... 27(Lumut Kerak) ............................................................................................................... 307.1. Kelas ASCOLICHENES ........................................................................................317.2. Kelas BASIDIOLICHENES (HYMENOLICHENES) .......................................... 31DIVISI BRYOPHYTE .......................................................................................................33(Tumbuhan Lumut) ........................................................................................................ 338.1. KELAS HEPATICAE (LUMUT HATI) ................................................................ 348.1.1. Bangsa Anthocerotales (Lumut Tanduk) ............................................................. 348.1.2. Bangsa Marchantiales.......................................................................................... 358.1.3. Bangsa jungermaniales........................................................................................ 358.2. KELAS MUSCI (LUMUT DAUN) ........................................................................368.2.1. Bangsa Andreaeales ......................................................................................... 388.2.2. Bangsa Sphagnales ( lumut gambut ) ...............................................................388.2.3. Bangsa Bryales .................................................................................................391
 
PTERIDOPHYTA ............................................................................................................. 43(Tumbuhan Paku) ...........................................................................................................43KELAS PSILOPHYTINAE ..............................................................................................48(Paku Purba) ...................................................................................................................4810.1. Bangsa Psilophytales (Paku Telanjang) ................................................................4810.2. Bangsa Psilotales .................................................................................................. 49KELAS LYCOPODINAE ................................................................................................. 51( Paku Rambat atau Paku Kawat ) ................................................................................. 5111.1. Bangsa Lycopodiales ............................................................................................5111.2. Bangsa Selaginellales (Paku Rane, Paku Lumut)................................................. 5311.3. Bangsa Lepidodendrales ....................................................................................... 5411.4. Bangsa Isoetales ....................................................................................................56KELAS EQUISETINAE ...................................................................................................58(Paku Ekor Kuda) ..........................................................................................................5812.1. Bangsa Equisetales ................................................................................................5812.2. Bangsa Sphenophyllales.......................................................................................6112.3. Bangsa Protoarticulatales......................................................................................61KELAS FILICINAE ..........................................................................................................63(Paku Sejati) ...................................................................................................................6313.1. Leptosporangiate (Filices) .................................................................................... 6313.2. Anak Kelas Hydropterides (Paku Air) ..................................................................70PRIMOFILICES ................................................................................................................74FITOGRAFI .......................................................................................................................7515.1. KORMUS DAN BAGIAN-BAGIANNYA ..........................................................7515.2. AKAR (Radix) ......................................................................................................7515.3. BATANG (CAULIS) ............................................................................................8015.4. DAUN (Folium) ....................................................................................................85BATANG, DAN DAUN ..............................................................................................10915.6. ALAT PERKEMBANGBIAKAN (Organum Reproductivum) ......................... 11315.6.1. BUNGA (FLOS) ..........................................................................................11315.6.2. Bagian-bagian Bunga ...................................................................................11915.7. BUAH (Fructus) ..............................................................................................12515.8. BIJI (Semen) ...................................................................................................12915.9. Lembaga (Embryo) ......................................................................................... 131DESKRIPSI ..................................................................................................................... 13416.1. DEFENISI DAN KEPENTINGAN ....................................................................13416.2. BENTUK DAN ISI DESKRIPSI ....................................................................... 134PENCIRIAN .................................................................................................................... 13517.1. DEFENISI ...........................................................................................................13517.2. MACAM SIFAT TAKSONOMI ........................................................................135SUMBER BUKTI TAKSONOMI ...................................................................................13618.1. PERANAN SUMBER BUKTI TAKSONOMI ..................................................13618.2. BEBERAPA SUMBER BUKTI TAKSONOMI ................................................136KLASIFIKASI .................................................................................................................13919.1. DEFENISI DAN TUJUAN .................................................................................13919.2. SEJARAH DAN MACAM-MACAM KLASIFIKASI ......................................1392

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