After studying this unit, you should be able to
describe the refrigeration cycle for householdrefrigerators.
describe the types, physical characteristics, and typicallocations of the evaporator, compressor, condenser, andmetering device.
explain the various defrost systems.
describe how to dispose of the condensate.
discuss typical refrigerator designs.
explain the purpose of mullion and panel heaters.
describe the electrical controls used in householdrefrigerators.
discuss ice-maker operation.
describe various service techniques used by therefrigeration technician.
Never use a sharp object to remove ice from an evaporator.
Remove refrigerator doors or latch mechanisms beforedisposing of a refrigerator.
Use proper equipment when moving refrigerators.
Use a back belt brace when lifting.
Do not raise the low-side pressure in a refrigerator abovethe manufacturer’s low-side specified design pressure.
Tubing lines may contain oil that may flare up and burnwhen soldering. Always keep a fire extinguisher withinreach when soldering.
Use all electrical safety precautions when servicing ortroubleshooting electrical circuits.
You should have a firm understanding of Section 1 of thistext before proceeding with this unit. The term
means to move heat from a place where it is not wanted to aplace where it makes little or no difference. The domestic re-frigerator is no exception to this statement. Heat enters therefrigerator through the walls of the box by conduction, byconvection, and from warm food placed inside. When thefood is warmer than the box temperature, it raises the tem-perature in the box. Heat travels naturally from a warm to acold substance,
The refrigerator moves this heatfrom inside the box to the room where it makes little or nodifference,
The domestic or household refrigerator is a plug-in appli-ance and can be moved from one location to another. Typi-cally, no license is required to install plug-in appliances. It isa package unit that is completely factory assembled andcharged with refrigerant.
HEAT TRANSFERS THROUGHTHE WALLS AND THROUGHTHE AIR FROM DOOROPENINGS AND WARM FOOD.35
Warm food brings heat into the refrigerator.
HEAT LEAKING INREFRIGERATOR'SCOMPONENTS PUMPTHE HEAT OUT.REFRIGERATOR'SHEAT PUMPINGMECHANISM
The refrigeration cycle moves the heat from therefrigerated box to the room, where it makes little or no difference.
19360_45_ch45_p1145-1194.qxd 1/10/08 1:11 PM Page 1146