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Norma genérica de Comercio Justo

Norma genérica de Comercio Justo

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Published by: ALBERTO GUAJARDO MENESES on Sep 15, 2011
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Fairtrade InternationalBonner Talweg 177, 53129 Bonn, GermanyTel. +49-228- 94.92.30, Fax: +49- 228- 242.17.13, email: info@fairtrade.net, www.fairtrade.net
Generic Fairtrade Standard
for
Hired Labour
Current version: 01.05.2011
Supersedes previous version:
15.08.2009Expected date of next review : 2012
Contact for comments:standards@fairtrade.net For further information and standards downloads:www.fairtrade.net/standards.html
 
Copyright © 2005 – 2011 Fairtrade Labelling Organizations International e.V.All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in aretrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic,mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise without full attribution.
 
 
Generic Fairtrade Standard for Hired Labour, May 2011 2 
Table of Contents
Beneficiaries...............................................................................................................................................3References..................................................................................................................................................3Structure......................................................................................................................................................3Scope...........................................................................................................................................................4Application..................................................................................................................................................5Monitoring of amendments.......................................................................................................................5Definitions...................................................................................................................................................51 Social Development...............................................................................................................................61.1 Development Potential and Capacity Building............................................................................61.2 Freedom from Discrimination.....................................................................................................111.3 Freedom of Labour.......................................................................................................................121.4 Freedom of Association and Collective Bargaining.................................................................131.5 Conditions of Employment..........................................................................................................161.6 Occupational Health and Safety..................................................................................................212 Economic Development.......................................................................................................................273 Environmental Development...............................................................................................................333.1 Environmental management.......................................................................................................333.2 Pest management.........................................................................................................................333.3 Soil and Water...............................................................................................................................373.4 Waste.............................................................................................................................................393.5 Genetically Modified Organisms (GMO).....................................................................................403.6 Biodiversity...................................................................................................................................413.7 Energy and Greenhouse Gas Emissions...................................................................................43Annex 1 Geographical Scope......................................................................................................................44Annex 2 Prohibited Materials List...............................................................................................................46
 
Generic Fairtrade Standard for Hired Labour, May 2011 3 
Fairtrade: an Alternative for Small Farmers and Workers
 Fairtrade is a strategy that aims to promote sustainable development and to reduce povertythrough fairer trade. Its purpose is to create opportunities for producers and workers who havebeen economically disadvantaged or marginalized by the conventional trading system. If fairaccess to markets under better trade conditions would help them to overcome barriers todevelopment, they can join Fairtrade.
BeneficiariesSmall farmers
can participate in Fairtrade if they have formed organizations (co-operatives,associations or other types of organization) that are able to contribute to the social and economicdevelopment of their members and of their communities and which are democratically controlledby their members. Producer organizations can be certified if they comply with the requirements ofthe Generic Fairtrade Standards for Small Farmers’ Organizations. These Generic FairtradeStandards for Hired Labour therefore do not apply to such producer organizations.
Workers
can participate in Fairtrade if they are organized (normally into unions) and if thecompany that they work for is prepared to promote its workers’ development and to share withthem the additional revenues generated by Fairtrade. Companies of this sort working with hiredlabour (farms and plantations, factories, manufacturing industries, etc.) can gain certification ifthey comply with the requirements of the Generic Fairtrade Standards for Hired Labour.
References
When setting its standards Fairtrade International (FLO) follows certain
internationallyrecognised standards and conventions
, particularly those of the International LabourOrganization (ILO) as they form the most internationally accepted basic labour rights. In thisdocument the Generic Fairtrade Standards are worded in their own terms but, where applicable,references are also given to any other external standards that Fairtrade International follows.Fairtrade International also requires that producer organizations and companies always abide by
national legislation
unless that legislation conflicts with internationally recognized standards andconventions, in which case the higher standards prevail. However, if national legislation setshigher standards on an issue than FLO, it supersedes Fairtrade Standards. The same applies toregional and sector-specific practices.
Generic Fairtrade Standards
apply to all situations within the FLO geographical scoperegardless of the product to be certified, unless stated differently in the standards specific to aparticular Fairtrade product.
Product-specific Fairtrade Standards
also apply. However, ifGeneric Fairtrade Standards set higher requirements than Product-specific Fairtrade Standards,they supersede in all cases unless stated differently.As laid out in ILO Convention 110, all workers and their representatives shall be afforded everyfacility for communicating freely with any auditing party. The certification body should determinethe details assuring access to all relevant information and all workers and their representatives inits
certification contract
with applicants.
Structure
The standard is composed of
requirements
against which companies will be inspected. Theserequirements are divided into:
 
minimum requirements
, which all companies must meet from the moment they joinFairtrade.
 
progress requirements,
against which companies must demonstrate efforts towards long-term improvement and which should be developed according to a plan agreed by the

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