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Trial Exam Stpm Terengganu 2011 Chem p1 Ans

Trial Exam Stpm Terengganu 2011 Chem p1 Ans

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Published by: Zoe Yinz on Sep 15, 2011
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11/14/2012

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TRIAL2011
2
CHEMISTRY962/1
TRIAL1011
MARKIGHEMEPAPER1
Question
~o.
A
Whentheenthalpychangeiszero,changingtemperaturewillnotshifttheequilibrium.Hence,theequilibriumconstantremainsunaffected.AnswerExplanation
C
Referdefinition.
2
3
7
8
910
11
u
13
A
Liquid
cantake
theshapeofthecontainer
LD
which
itiplaced
but
001
necessarilyoccupyit
fu
lIy(Cr)P:[AT]3d)
45',
(Mn)
Q:
[AT]3d
S
45
2,
(Fe)R:[Ar)3d
6
4s
1,
():[AT]~
ort~,
P,Q,R
andaretransitionelement.Goingfrom
P
to
,thesecondionizauoaenergygenerallyincreaseddueto
til
slightincreasedinthenuclearcharge.However,thesecondionizationenergyofPandarehigherilianexpectedbecausethesecondelectronsremovedfromPandarefromaninner3dorbital
[STPM2002
J
5
&
,D
ThereisnoabruptIncreaseindiesuccesiveionisationenergiesin
D
r------1~~----r---------~--
6
i~honlyovalembonds.
i0
2
betweenmoleculeshavegiantcovalenttructure.B,Cand0betweenmoleculhavevanderwaalforces.
B
ThebybndizationinvolvesIorbitalofthefirstelemlitand3porbitaloftheecondelement.
TI1US
formings-phybridizedorbitalbetweenthem.
CTheN~
and
OH
in2-nJlJ'ophenolareclosetooneanotherforintramolecularhydrogenbond
10
take
place.Whereathe,
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and
OH
groupin
4-
nitropbenolaretoo
far
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hydrog
nbondingwhich
I
strongerintermolecularforcesmaking
rae
boilingpoint
of
4-nitrophenolihiAherthan2-nitroDhenol
D
A
catalystprovide
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a
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witha
loweractivationenergysothatthespeedofdiereationisincreased.
B
incethepowerof[
lol
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first
orderwithrespectto
'10&
ion.
k
dependoncatalyst.
B
Sincetheforwardreaction
i
endothermic,
an
increaseintemperature
hills
the
equilibriumto
tbe
rightaccordingto
Lc
Chatelier'
principle,byaborbingtheexcessheat.Inthecase,moregaspaniclesareproducedandthereianincreaseinvolume.Furthermore,beatingwillalsocausethe
g
etoexpand.
B
C
MarkingchemeTRIAl.2011
 
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lionAnswerElplanationNo.
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14AAbufferwithpH<7ontainsamixtureofaweakcidandits
all
Thus
8
weakaid
i
required.Ane.ce
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oftheacidconvertsNaOHtoits
It.
Togetherwiththeexcessacidabufferwouldresult.
IS
rtJl
Thepartitionlawholdsonlyfordilutesolutions.
16
C
Z(withalowerboilingpoint)willdistilledover
first
followedbyY.
17
A
I
CaH1(s)-CD!'
+
2HAttheanode:
2H'
Hz(g)
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Ca
l-...
2(;Ca
18
D
19
B
Cellreaction:
Zn
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Cu
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2
10
=
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V20
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-286x22Hz
+
0,2H
1
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1
0(g)
_j
44x.2
Dy
He.
Law:(.
286:<2)
+("
44x2)..a
a
=·484
JcJ
21
B
/,C~rA/CH)CHlCCA
2
I
CH
1
22
CAlkalineKMnO
A
is
astrongoxidizingagent.Itwilloxidizemethylbenzene
to
thebenzoateion.
'A
henanacidisadded.thebenzoateinformsbenzoicacid.CHl
COO'
COOH
@
KMnOiOH'
@
H'
@
Reflux
MethylbenzeneBen1.08IcionBenzoicaid
23
D
Thehydroxygroup
(01
f)
inthecompoundethanolCH.JCH
2
0H
cannotbesubstitutedbychlorinegas.ChitinegascansubstiMethehydrogen
in
thealkylchain(CH
1
CH
1,)
whenexposedtoultravioletlight
24
0
TheOHissubstituted
by
Sr.
lS
0
Aldehyde
IUId
ketonecompoundshaveacarbonylfuncrionalgroup,
0
MarkingchemeTRIAL2011

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