mexican aerospace indUstry
exico has become a majorinnovation and manufac-turing center in the aero-space industry. In the last decade, the world’s leadingaerospace companies have found in Mexico theideal destination for the development of theirmanufacturing strategies, given available capa-bilities and talent.Many facts have favored the development of the aerospace industry in Mexico. Aerospacecompanies emphasize the availability of hu-man capital and competitive costs as the mainstrengths of Mexico’s aerospace industry.The global industry’s opinions match vari-ous studies that have underlined Mexico’scomparative advantage in terms of costs. Ac-cording to KPMG, our country is ranked first in terms of operation costs compared to theindustry’s leading countries. This advantageresults largely from the country being part of the dollar zone, its free trade agreements andmacroeconomic stability, among other factors.In addition, there are 745,000 engineer-ing and technology students in Mexico, that is, 30% of the country’s total university popu-lation. Moreover, according to the NationalAssociation of Universities and Higher Edu-cation Institutes (ANUIES, for its acronym inSpanish), close to 114,000 engineering andtechnology students graduate each year andthere are more than 900 postgraduate en- gineering and technology programs in high-level Mexican universities.Also, the experience and success of the au-tomotive and electric-electronic sectors in Mex-ico, have served as a platform for the aerospaceindustry’s development, and have begun thecreation of a solid provision/supplying chain.Today, Mexico is the country with the larg-est investment in aerospace manufacturing andholds the sixth place in aerospace research anddevelopment investment.During the last five years, Mexico’s aero-space-related exports have more than tripledand the number of companies established inthe country keeps growing. Mexico is the coun-try with the highest investment attraction of aerospace manufacturing for the 1990-2009period.According to the Mexican Aerospace In-dustry Association, the country is ranked 12in the global tables of aerospace equipment exporters. In 2010, the aerospace sector’s ex-ports reached 3.27 billion
. In 2011, Mexicanaerospace exports are expected to surpass 3.5billion
.Most of the Mexican aerospace sector ex-ports are directed to the US market (81%); fol-lowed by France and Germany, each with 2.8%.Canada and the UK come in third place witha participation rate of 2.6% each. Currently,Mexico is the ninth largest provider to the USaerospace market and the sixth supplier to itsEuropean counterpart. Exports are accelerat-ing quickly as manufacturers move into big-ticket items like tails and fuselages.
grOwTH & evOluTiOn
Mexico’s aerospace sector is sustained by fivemain axes: Manufacturing; Engineering; De-sign; Education (training, coaching and educa-tion) and Maintenance, Repair and Overhaul(MRO). Currently, over 70% of aerospacecompanies in Mexico focus, partially or totally,on component manufacturing. For their part MRO companies account for close to 23% of to-tal companies and their main capacities focuson providing maintenance for turbines and en- gines, auxiliary power units, fuselages, electric-electronic systems and landing systems, amongothers. Finally, services and engineering com-panies account for close to 13% of the industry.In terms of components developed in Mexi-co, around 23% of companies have engine man-
today, mexico is the coUntrywith the largest investmentin aerospace manUfactUringand holds the sixth placein aerospace research anddevelopment investment.
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