Sump tank is cleaned and filled with water. (ensure water to be free from foreign bodies)2.
Drain valves are closed and desired vane is placed.3.
Main power supply is switched on..4.
Pump is switched on and flow rate is set such that the vane is stationary.5.
Flow rate is measured using the measuring tank and stop watch.6.
Flow rate is set again by placing different combination of weights. Flow rate is also measured.7.
All readings are noted.8.
Vane is changed and experiment is repeated.9.
Pump and main supply of power are switched off when experiment is completed.10.
Water is drained from all tanks.
Observations and Calculations
Data used and recorded
Density of water ρ = 1000 kg/ m
Diameter of nozzle d = 0.010 mArea of cross section of nozzle A=
/ 4 = 7.85 X 10-5 m
Area of measuring tank = 0.1 m
Weight of Aluminum disc + rod = 14.5 gm.Weight of Flat plate disc = 89.5 gm.Weight of hemispherical vane = 97.5 gm.
Sample calculation for Flat plate vane with 98.5 gm weight
:Given area of measuring tank = 0.25 x .40 m
= 0.1 m
Time = 10 secHeight rise in measuring tank = 6.8 cm = 0.068 mNow, Volume flow rate = Volume / timeVolume of fluid = Area x height= 0.1 x 0.068 m
= 0.0068 m
So volume flow rate = 0.0068 m
/ 10 sec = 0.00068 m
/ secNozzle velocity=0.00068/7.85*10^-5= 8.66m/sImpact velocity= (nozzle velocity
= 8.18 m/sForce=
= 5.56 N
Applying Newton’s second law in the direction of incident jet
Force = Mass x Acceleration. = Mass flow rate x Change in velocity per second