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diabetic ketoacidosis (dka)

diabetic ketoacidosis (dka)

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Published by yazid

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Published by: yazid on Oct 13, 2008
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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02/01/2013

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\u0629\u0633\u062f\u0627\u0633 \u0629\u0646\u0633 \u0628\u0644\u0637 \u064a\ue000\u0642\u062a \u0648 \u062f\ue001\ue000\u0639\u0625
\u0629\u0633\u062f\u0627\u0633 \u0629\u0646\u0633 \u0628\u0644\u0637 \u064a\ue000\u0642\u062a \u0648 \u062f\ue001\ue000\u0639\u0625
\ue002\ue003\ue004\u062c \ue000\ue003\u0632\ue003 \u2013 \u062f\u0627\u0651\ue005\u0639 \u0630\u0627\ue006\u0645 \u2013 \ue007\ue008\ue006\ue009\ue001 \u0631\u0647\ue00a
\ue002\ue003\ue004\u062c \ue000\ue003\u0632\ue003 \u2013 \u062f\u0627\u0651\ue005\u0639 \u0630\u0627\ue006\u0645 \u2013 \ue007\ue008\ue006\ue009\ue001 \u0631\u0647\ue00a
Objectives
Objectives

\ue000Definition of DKA and its Pathophysiology
\ue000Causes and precipitating factors
\ue000Clinical features by history and physical

examination
\ue000Investigations for DKA (Diagnosis &
Monitoring)

\ue000Management
\ue000Complications
\ue000Prognosis.

Introduction
Introduction
\ue000Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is an ACUTE,
MAJOR, LIFE-THREATENING complication of
diabetes.
\ue000DKA is defined:
oClinically as an acute state of severe
uncontrolled diabetes that requires emergency
treatment with insulin and intravenous fluids.
oBiochemically as an increase in the serum

concentration of ketones greater than 5 mEq/L,
a blood glucose level of greater than 250 mg/dL
(although it is usually much higher), blood pH of
less than 7.2, and a bicarbonate level of 18
mEq/L or less.

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