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The Peregrine Fund Annual 1999

The Peregrine Fund Annual 1999

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Published by Israel

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Published by: Israel on Oct 13, 2008
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th e
p e r e g r in
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M a je sty o n th e W in g - B a ld E a g le \u00a9 1 9 7 8 , Ro b e rt B a te m a n . C o u rte sy o f th e a rtist a n d M ill Po n d Pre ss, In c . V e n ic e , FL 3 4 2 9 2
19 9 9
A n
n
u al
Repo r t
W orking to Conserve
Birds of Prey in Nature
T
h e P e r e g r in e F a lc o n w a s le g a lly r e m o v e d f r o m
th e lis t o f th re a te n e d a n d e n d a n g e re d s p e c ie s w ith in th e E n d a n g e re d
S p e c ie s A c t (E S A ) o n 2 5 A u g u s t 1 9 9 9 (s e e p a g e 2 fo r d e ta ils ). A lt h o u g h t h e P e r e g r in e w a s o u t o f je o p a r d y fo r s o m e y e a r s ,
th e re s to ra tio n e ffo rt c o u ld n e v e r b e c o n s id e re d c o m p le te u n til th is le g a l a c tio n w a s ta k e n . B a s e d o n g e o g ra p h ic a re a a n d
results, the restoration of the Peregrine Falcon m ust be considered the m ost significant species recovery program
in th e 2 0 th
C e n t u r y in N o r t h A m e r ic a . T h e p r o p o s e d d e -lis t in g o f t h e B a ld E a g le w ill b e a g o o d b e g in n in g fo r t h is n e w c e n t u r y !

T h e P e r e g r in e F u n d w a s in v o lv e d in t h e e a r ly d a y s o f B a ld E a g le r e s t o r a t io n . In 1 9 7 6 w e p io n e e r e d t h e m e t h o d fo r r e le a s e o f e a g le s t o t h e w ild , h e lp in g N e w Y o r k S t a t e la u n c h it s e n d a n g e r e d s p e c ie s p r o g r a m . T h e t w o e a g le t s w e r e le a s e d b y \u201c h a c k in g \u201d w e re re m o v e d , o n e e a c h , fro m

n e s t s w it h t h r e e y o u n g in W is c o n s in w h e r e t h e B a ld E a g le p o p u la t io n w a s h e a lt h y. S o m e p e o p le c r it ic iz e d t h e r e le a s e a s ju s t a p u b lic it y s t u n t fo r t h e N a t io n \u2019s B ic e n t e n n ia l Y e a r. In c r e d ib ly, t h e s e fir s t t w o r e le a s e d e a g le s b r e d in 1 9 7 9 , ju s t 8 0 m ile s a w a y fr o m

th e re le a s e lo c a tio n , ra is in g tw o y o u n g o f th e ir o w n a n d c o n tin u in g to n e s t th e re fo r m a n y y e a rs.
The success dem onstrated the m ethods w e developed for the Peregrines had broad application for other species and, m ore

im p o rta n tly, th a t s p e c ie s re s to ra tio n w a s p o s s ib le . T h e re in tro d u c tio n o f B a ld E a g le s in N e w Yo rk w a s e x p a n d e d a n d c o n tin u e d a s it w a s in m a n y o t h e r s t a t e s a n d in t e r n a t io n a lly w it h o t h e r e a g le s p e c ie s b y o t h e r p r iv a t e a n d g o v e r n m e n t o r g a n iz a t io n s . W e lo o k fo r w a r d t o t h e d e -lis t in g a n d h a v e p la c e d t h e B a ld E a g le o n t h e c o v e r in r e c o g n it io n o f t h a t im p o r t a n t o u t c o m e . O u r c o n - g r a t u la t io n s to a ll in v o lv e d !

A lt h o u g h r e s t o r a t io n o f t h e P e r e g r in e F a lc o n a n d B a ld E a g le in N o r t h A m e r ic a a r e m a g n ific e n t a c c o m p lis h m e n t s , n e v e r w a s
e ith e r s p e c ie s in je o p a rd y o f e x tin c tio n th ro u g h o u t its e n tire ra n g e a s w a s th e c a s e fo r th e M a u ritiu s K e s tre l. T h e M a u ritiu s
K e s t r e l e x is t s o n a s in g le is la n d , M a u r it iu s , in t h e In d ia n O c e a n . In t h e m id 1 9 7 0 s w h e n T h e P e r e g r in e F u n d b e c a m e in v o lv e d ,
w o r k in g w it h t h e M a u r it iu s W ild life A p p e a l F u n d , Je r s e y W ild life P r e s e r v a t io n T r u s t , a n d o t h e r s , m o s t p e o p le c o n s id e r e d t h e
s p e c ie s b e y o n d h o p e o f re c o v e ry, a s o n ly o n e p a ir w a s k n o w n to re m a in a n d n o m o re th a n th re e to fiv e to ta l k e s tre ls e x is te d .
To d a y th e M a u ritiu s K e s tre l flo u ris h e s, a n d th e re a re b e lie v e d to b e o v e r 7 0 0 k e s tre ls. Fo r ra p to r re s to ra tio n , th is a c c o m p lis h m e n t
m u s t h e a d th e lis t fo r s p e c ie s re s to ra tio n in th e 2 0 th C e n tu ry.

In 1 9 9 3 w e w e r e a s k e d b y t h e U .S . F is h a n d W ild life S e r v ic e a n d t h e S ta t e o f H a w a i\u2018i to a s s u m e a n im p o r ta n t r o le in r e s to r a t io n o f t h e H a w a iia n C r o w a n d , la t e r, a ll o f t h e S ta t e \u2019s e n d a n g e r e d b ir d s . O n ly t w o r a p to r s p e c ie s b r e e d in H a w a i\u2018i, t h e H a w a iia n O w l a n d H a w a iia n H a w k , a n d n e it h e r is in je o p a r d y, a lt h o u g h t h e h a w k is lis t e d u n d e r t h e E S A a s \u201ce n d a n g e r e d .\u201d

T h r o u g h a h e r c u le a n

effort by The Peregrine Fund staff and cooperators, a great dealhas been accom plished in just a few years. Much of the know ledge a n d p h y s ic a l fo u n d a t io n n e e d e d fo r e ffe c t iv e s p e c ie s r e s to r a t io n in H a w a i` i n o w e x is t s . W e d id a ll w e c o u ld s h o rt o f re s h a p in g o u r o rg a n iz a tio n , w h ic h w a s th e n e x t re q u ire m e n t if th e p ro g ra m

r e s u lt s a c h ie v e d
w e re to c o n tin u e a t th e s a m e p a c e . In 2 0 0 0 , o u r ro le , s ta ff, a n d th e p ro g ra m
in H a w a i\u2018i a r e b e in g t r a n s -
fe r r e d to t h e Z o o lo g ic a l S o c ie t y o f S a n D ie g o (s e e p a g e s 8 & 9 ). W e a r e a g a in r e -fo c u s in g o n r a p to r s .

Even w orking only on raptors, how ever, the actions needed far exceed our resources, em phasizing the im p o r t a n c e o f b e in g r e a lis t ic , e ffe c t iv e , a n d c o lla b o r a t in g w it h o t h e r s . O u r v a r y in g in v o lv e m e n t s w it h a ll o f t h e a b o v e -m e n t io n e d s p e c ie s a n d p r o je c t s h a v e c o n v in c e d u s o f t h is c o n c lu s io n .

O ver 30 years ago Tom

Cade founded The Peregrine Fund. I have touched on only a portion of the o r g a n iz a t io n \u2019s r e c o r d a n d e v e n s o b e lie v e it t o b e r e m a r k a b le . T h e q u a lit ie s a n d t r a d it io n s w h ic h h a v e h e lp e d a c h ie v e th e s e re s u lts in th e 2 0 th C e n tu ry m u s t b e re m e m b e re d a n d e m p h a s iz e d a s w e p ro - c e e d in to th e fu tu re . T h e re fo re , w e p re s e n t to y o u \u201c R a p to r 2 1 0 0 ,\u201d T h e P e re g r in e F u n d \u2019s p la n fo r th e

2 1 s t C e n t u r y (p a g e 1 ). W it h t h is p la n c o m e s a r e q u e s t fo r y o u r c o n t in u e d p a r t n e r s h ip .
S in c e r e ly y o u r s ,
B ill B u r n h a m
P r e s id e n t
LETTER FRO M TH E PR ESID EN T
F ir s t r e le a s e t o t h e
w ild b y h a c k in g o f
n e s t lin g B a ld E a g le s -
1976, New
York state.
FilePhotos
1
T

he successful com pletion of the Pere- g rin e Fa lc o n re s to ra tio n p ro m p te d u s to r e v ie w a n d d e fin e t h e m a jo r o b je c -

t iv e s o f T h e P e r e g r in e F u n d w it h t h e a im
o f
b u ild in g a n o r g a n iz a t io n t h a t w ill c o n t in u e to
w ork through the next century to conserve
b ird s o f p re y in th e w ild . T h e re s u ltin g s tra te -
g ic p la n , R a p to r 2 1 0 0 ,d e s c r ib e s t h e m a jo r
o b je c t iv e s o f t h e o r g a n iz a t io n , p r o v id e s a
g u id e lin e fo r p r io r it iz in g p r o je c t s to a c h ie v e
t h o s e o b je c t iv e s , a n d o u t lin e s h o w w e a n t ic i-
p a t e t h e p la n w ill b e im p le m e n t e d .
T h e P e r e g r in e F u n d \u2019s o b je c t iv e fo r R a p t o r
2 1 0 0 is t o w o r k t o c o n s e r v e w ild p o p u la t io n s
o f b ir d s o f p r e y. Im p lic it w it h in R a p to r 2 1 0 0
is t h e u n d e r s ta n d in g t h a t w e w ill b u ild o n
th e s tre n g th s a n d c h a ra c te ris tic s o f T h e P e re -
g r in e F u n d t h a t c o lle c t iv e ly m a k e u s a
u n iq u e c o n s e r v a t io n o r g a n iz a t io n , s u c h a s :
o u r fo c u s o n b ir d s o f p r e y ; h a n d s -o n , s c i-
e n c e -b a s e d p r o je c t s ; a n d o u r n o n -p o lit ic a l,

s o lu t io n -o r ie n t e d a p p r o a c h t h a t d r a w s p e o p le together to w ork on shared goals. W e occupy a u n iq u e a n d im p o r ta n t n ic h e in t h e c o n s e r - v a t io n c o m m u n it y a n d b y e x t e n d in g o u r

g lo b a l a c t iv it ie s w e e x p e c t t o h a v e a m a jo r
im p a c t o n c o n s e rv a tio n o f ra p to rs a n d o th e r
s p e c ie s in t h e ir e c o s y s t e m s .
M e t h o d s a r e d iv id e d in to t h o s e t h a t w ill b e
a p p lie d w it h in t h e U .S . (R a p to r 2 1 0 0 N a t io n a l
P ro g ra m ) a n d th o s e a p p lie d th ro u g h o u t th e re s t
o f th e w o rld (R a p to r 2 1 0 0 In te rn a tio n a l P ro -
gram ) because raptor conservation needs and
o p p o r t u n it ie s d iffe r b r o a d ly a lo n g t h o s e lin e s .
In g e n e ra l, w e g o to w o r k w h e n : (1 ) ra p to r

s p e c ie s b e c o m e th re a te n e d o r e n d a n g e re d ; o r (2 ) lim it e d k n o w le d g e e x is t s o n s p e c ie s o f r a p - to rs ; o r (3 ) ra p to r c o n s e r v a tio n b e n e fits e n v i- r o n m e n t a l h e a lt h a n d c o n s e r v a t io n o f b io d i-

v e rs ity ; a n d (4 ) w h e n ra p to rs c a n b e u s e d fo r d e v e lo p in g lo c a l c a p a c it y fo r c o n s e r v a t io n in t h e d e v e lo p in g w o r ld ; a n d (5 ) o u r e ffo r t s c a n c o n trib u te to c o n s e rv a tio n o f h a b ita t a n d th e e n v iro n m e n t o n w h ic h ra p to rs d e p e n d .

R a p to r 2 1 0 0 N a tio n a l P ro g ra m
in c lu d e s
actions that w e can apply to conserve species

w it h in t h e U n it e d S ta t e s . T h e s e in c lu d e : (1 ) h a n d s -o n ra p to r m a n a g e m e n t a c tio n s (e .g ., c a p t iv e b r e e d in g a n d r e le a s e ); (2 ) p r o v id in g

a d v ic e a n d k n o w le d g e to o th e rs (e .g ., fe d e ra l,

s ta t e , a n d lo c a l g o v e r n m e n t ); (3 ) p u b lic e d u - c a t io n ; (4 ) h a n d s -o n e n h a n c e m e n t o f r a p to r h a b ita ts ; a n d (5 ) b a s ic re s e a rc h .

R a p to r 2 1 0 0 In te rn a tio n a l P ro g ra m
in c lu d e s

a ll o f th e a c tio n s in th e N a tio n a l P ro g ra m , a s n e e d e d a n d a p p ro p ria te , p lu s a c tio n s th a t a re a p p lic a b le in m a n y d e v e lo p in g n a t io n s w h e r e a la c k o f k n o w le d g e , e x p e r t is e , o r in fr a s t r u c - tu re a re o fte n th e g re a te s t c h a lle n g e s to

a c h ie v in g c o n s e r v a t io n . T h e s e in c lu d e : (1 )

in c r e a s in g k n o w le d g e a n d u n d e r s ta n d in g o f th e n a tu ra l h is to ry a n d s ta tu s o f little -k n o w n ra p to rs th ro u g h fie ld s tu d ie s ; (2 ) c o n s e rv in g

ra p to rs a n d th e ir h a b ita ts, to in c lu d e w o rk in g
to p re v e n t s p e c ie s fro m
b e c o m in g e n d a n -
g e r e d ; (3 ) d e v e lo p in g lo c a l c a p a c it y to a c h ie v e
c o n s e rv a tio n th ro u g h tra in in g , s u p p o rt, a n d
d e v e lo p in g in fr a s t r u c t u r e ; (4 ) p r o v id in g
o p p o rtu n itie s fo r s tu d e n t tra in in g a n d s u p -
p o r t; (5 ) p r o v id in g in fo r m a tio n to g o v e r n -
m e n t s fo r p o lic y d e c is io n s ; (6 ) s e r v in g a s a n
in fo r m a t io n w a r e h o u s e o n t h e b io lo g y a n d
s ta tu s o f ra p to rs w o r ld w id e ; a n d (7 ) e s ta b lis h -
in g a b io g e o g r a p h ic s m a ll g r a n t s p r o g r a m
t o
fu n d in d iv id u a ls to a c h ie v e m u c h o f t h e in -
c o u n try w o rk .
In a s s e s s in g w h e t h e r to b e g in a n e w p r o j-
e c t , w e w ill u s e t h e fo llo w in g g u id e lin e s to
h e lp u s d e c id e in w h a t to in v e s t o u r c o n s e r -
v a tio n re s o u rc e s (d o lla rs, p e o p le , tim e , e tc .):

(1 ) d e g r e e o f s p e c ie s e n d a n g e r m e n t ; (2 ) le v e l o f k n o w le d g e a b o u t t h e s p e c ie s ; (3 ) p r o b a b il- ity th a t o th e rs c a n a n d w ill d o th e w o rk ; (4 )

le v e l o f im p a c t o f r e s u lt s c o m p a r e d w it h le v e l

of investm ent of resources; (5) how the proj- e c t fits w ith o th e rs u n d e rw a y o r p la n n e d ; a n d (6 ) w h e t h e r w e a r e c a p a b le o f a c c o m p lis h in g t h e p r o je c t s u c c e s s f u lly .

P r o je c t s w ill b e e v a lu a t e d a n n u a lly u s in g
t h e fo llo w in g g u id e lin e s to h e lp d e c id e

w h e th e r o r n o t to c o n tin u e th e p ro je c t: (1 ) a d e q u a te p ro g re s s to w a rd s d e fin e d o b je c - tiv e s ; (2 ) p rio r a n d fu tu re o rg a n iz a tio n a l

resource investm ents needed to be success-

fu l; (3 ) a v a ila b ilit y o f fin a n c ia l, s ta ff, a n d fa c il- it y r e s o u r c e s ; (4 ) im p a c t a n d s u s ta in a b ilit y o f th e re s u lts ; (5 ) p ro je c t c o s t a n d p ro p o rtio n o f p r o je c t c o s t p r o v id e d b y T h e P e r e g r in e F u n d .

O v e r a ll, a s u c c e s s f u l p r o je c t w ill d e m o n -
s tra te o n e o r m o re o f th e fo llo w in g b e n c h -
m a rk re s u lts : (1 ) p re v e n tin g th e e x tin c tio n o f
a s p e c ie s ; (2 ) c o n s e r v a t io n o f im p o r ta n t

r a p to r h a b ita t ; (3 ) a n in c r e a s e in k n o w le d g e o f s p e c ie s ; o r (4 ) d e v e lo p in g in d iv id u a l a n d o r g a n iz a t io n a l c o n s e r v a t io n a n d s c ie n c e

c a p a c it y in t e r n a t io n a lly to c a r r y in it ia t iv e s
fo rw a rd . E x c e p tio n a l s ta ff a n d B o a rd m e m -
b e r s a r e b o t h a h a llm a r k o f t h e p a s t a n d c r it i-
cal for the future. Each person m ust con-
trib u te m e a s u ra b ly to th e o rg a n iz a tio n \u2019s
a c h ie v e m e n t o f m e a n in g fu l a n n u a l r e s u lt s .
E x p e n d it u r e s m u s t n o t e x c e e d in c o m e o r

t h e a n n u a lly a p p r o v e d b u d g e t . Id e a lly, in v e s t - m e n t in c o m e (e n d o w m e n t ) s h o u ld , a t a m in i- m u m , c o v e r a ll a d m in is t r a t iv e e x p e n s e . O u r

g o a l is fo r 1 0 0 %
o f d o n o rs \u2019 g ifts to g o to p ro j-
ect support.
BU ILD IN G TO LA ST \u2013 RA PTO R 2100
A STRATEG IC PLA N FO R TH E 21ST C EN TU RY: RA PTO R 2100
Early in 1998, The Peregrin e Fu n d Board an d staff began a series of retreats an d m eetin gs to review
w ho w e are, w hat w e stan d
fo r, w h y w e e x is t , a n d w h e r e w e a r e g o in g . H a v in g a n a lm o s t t h r e e -d e c a d e h is t o r y o f b u ild in g u p o n s u c c e s s e s a n d a n n u a lly
a c h ie v in g m e a n in g f u l r e s u lt s p r o v id e d a n e x c e lle n t b a s is fo r r e v ie w
a n d d is c u s s io n . T h e p r o c e s s r e q u ir e d a lm o s t t w o y e a r s a n d
r e s u lt e d in \u201cA S t r a t e g ic P la n F o r T h e 2 1 s t C e n t u r y : R a p t o r 2 1 0 0 .\u201d
RAPTO R 2100: EXECU TIV E SU M M ARY
O bjective: W orking to C onserve
W ild P o p u la tio n s o f B ir d s o f P r e y
Sy n o p sis:The Peregrine Fund w orks w orldw ide

to c o n se rv e w ild p o p u la tio n s o f b ird s o f p re y. C o n se rv in g ra p to rs p ro v id e s a n u m b re lla o f p ro - te c tio n fo r e n tire e c o sy ste m s a n d th e ir b io d iv e r- sity. W e a re a n o n -p o litic a l, so lu tio n -o rie n te d , hands-on, science-based organization. G oals are achieved by restoring and maintaining viable p o p u la tio n s o f sp e c ie s in

je o p a rd y ; stu d y in g little -k n o w n sp e c ie s; c o n se rv in g h a b ita t; e d u c a t- in g stu d e n ts; d e v e lo p in g lo c a l c a p a c ity fo r sc i- ence and conservation in developing countries; a n d p ro v id in g fa c tu a l in fo rm a tio n to th e p u b lic . Since beginning w ork in 1970 w e have assisted ra p to r c o n se rv a tio n p ro je c ts in m o re th a n 4 0 c o u n trie s o n six c o n tin e n ts.

D ra w in g b y J o h n S c h m itt

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