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Fire

Fire

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Published by Burt Gummer
FIRE IS ESSENTIAL TO SURVIVAL. It provides warmth, protection, a means of signalling, boils water, cooks and preserves food.
YOU MUST LEARN TO LIGHT A FIRE UNDER ANY CONDITIONS ANYWHERE, FAST& ANY TIME. IT IS NOT ENOUGH TO KNOW ALL THE METHODS YOU HAVE TO BE EXPERT AT THEM.
FIRE IS ESSENTIAL TO SURVIVAL. It provides warmth, protection, a means of signalling, boils water, cooks and preserves food.
YOU MUST LEARN TO LIGHT A FIRE UNDER ANY CONDITIONS ANYWHERE, FAST& ANY TIME. IT IS NOT ENOUGH TO KNOW ALL THE METHODS YOU HAVE TO BE EXPERT AT THEM.

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Published by: Burt Gummer on Oct 13, 2008
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07/10/2013

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Note of the co-author, this file is not finished yetas I write this on June 25 1995, it even needs abit of translation still, which will be done in thefinal upload, so please bear with me till then.However I believe that so far all which is writtencan be used without too much problemo. If yousee any glaring mistakes write them to me & Iwill make the necessary correction. Thanks.
FIREBUSH MEMORY HELPER:*
1) Have your matches container attached
ON YOU & WATERTIGHT.
2)
An axe is the most important tool inthe bush,
more so than the gun, bow andarrow, next in line is a good machete or thosenew all purposeshovels. pix*3) The hunting knife comes next, but wellsharpened & A GOODONE *#.4) A bit of snare wire, some small waxedstring & a long leather shoe lace, astrongrope, are moreusefulthana gun.A) Snare wire, to snare rabbits, partridge &trouts.B) Wax string to attach which you'll haveto makein survivalC) Strong rope to suspend your game, orattachbig snare,pulling.D) Well oiled leather string to tie yourluggage, transport pull an animal fromwater5)
THIS BOOK FOR ALL KIND OFUSES& S/KIT. PRACTICE IT!!!
6) Your gun, ammo & other stuff intravellingkit.
(MAX 40 LBS!)
7)
NEVER enter the bush without agoodwarm parka,
even if it's hot day, better to carry iton your back, than having nothing when nightcomes and you find that you
MUST
stay in thebush.8)
MAKE SURE you NEVER enterwood without good strong boots.
The army typeis not the best, for the leather sole slips on woodunless it has the nonskid &
WOOL SOCKS 1SPARE.
9) You
MUST
have some kind of containerto boil things with, you may forget the teaor coffeebut
NEVER
thecontainer.10) A 3 days Survival pack via food ex:pinole, pemmican,spirolina, peanuts.11)
ALWAYS carry a lot of matches andspareBic lighters. (KeepthemDry!)WE URGEYOU TO BRING4 BICS
12) Don't waste matches, use hot embers tolightcigarettes, BRINGCANDLES (2)
13) SEEBEST#1 AND #2 S/KIT#3one for on you and one for 40 LBS,PRACTICE FIRELIGHTING:FIRE IS ESSENTIAL TO SURVIVAL.
Itprovides warmth, protection, a means of signalling,boilswater,cooksand preserves food.
YOU MUST LEARN TO LIGHT A FIREUNDER ANY CONDITIONS ANYWHERE,FAST& ANY TIME.IT IS NOT ENOUGH TO KNOW ALL THEMETHODS YOU HAVE TO BE EXPERTATTHEM.FIRSTESSENTIALABILITY:THE ABILITY TO LIGHT FIRE UNDERALL KIND OF CONDITIONS IS ONE OFTHE FIRST ESSENTIAL KNOWLEDGE INSURVIVAL.THUS YOUR ABILITY TO DO SO WILLGIVE YOU GREATER CONFIDENCE INYOUR ABILITY TO OVERCOMEOBSTACLES IN ALL AVENUES OF LIFEAND SPECIALLY IN SURVIVAL.PREPARATION:
First
MAKE SURE
that you have sufficientquantities of tinder, kindling & fuel. Then preparea fireplace, so that you can control the fire. Usedcarelesslyfirecan getout of handand bringditer.
 
THE FIREPLACE:It needs to be prepared carefully.
Choose a sitethat is sheltered, especially during high winds.Except for signal purposes or exceptionally towarma temporary boughor a snowhole shelter.Do not light a fire at the base of a tree or a stump.Clear awayleaves,twigs, moss and dry grass froma circle
at least
2m (6 feet) across & scrapeeverything away until you have a surface of bareearth.
If the ground is wet or covered with snow, thefireMUST be builton a platform.
Make this from a layer of green logs covered witha layer of earth or a layer of stones. If land isswampy or the snow deep a raised platform isneeded,knownas a templefire.
TEMPLEFIRE:
This hearth consists of a raised platform, built of greentimber.Four uprights supportcross-piecesintheirforks.Across them place a layer of green logs and coverthis with several inches of earth. Light the fire ontop of this. A pole across upper forks ondiagonally opposite uprights can support cookingpots.
IN WINDYCONDITIONS
:If there are particularly strong winds, dig a trenchand lightyourfirein it.
Also good for windy conditions: encircle yourfirewith rocksto retainheat and conservefuel.
Use them to support cooking utensils. Their heat,as well as that from the fire will keep thingswarmand you can use the rocks themselves as bedwarmer.
WARNING! WARNING!:
Avoidplacingwet or porous rocks and stonesnearfires,especially rocks that havebeen submerged inwater.They may explode when heated.
Avoid
slates andsofter rocks and test others by banging themtogether.
Do not use any that crack,
sound hollow or areflaky. If they containmoisture it willexpandfasterthan the stone and can make it explode, producing
dangerous
flying fragments that could take out aneyeif youare closeto thefire.
LIGHTING FIREFROM A COAL:
*Sometimes only a small red coal may be availableto start a fire and
unless you know how,
you will
NEVERGET THE COALTO CATCH ONTOTINDERAND SO TO GIVEYOU FLAME.IT IS EXTREMELY IMPORTANT! TOKNOW! HOW TO MAKE A FIRE FROM ASINGLE TINY COAL, NO BIGGER THANTHE PINCHED OUT SPARKS OF ACIGARETTE!
To light a fire from a coal, collect a bundle of drytinder, softlytease a large piece and place the coalin the centre, fold the rest of the tinder over thecoal and with the tinder ball held very looselybetween thewidespread fingers.Now whirl the ball round and round at arms’length or if there is a strong wind blowing, holdthe ball in the air, allowing the wind to blowbetween thefingers.The ball will start to smoke as the tinder catches.When there is a dense flow of smoke, blow intotheball,loosening it in yourhand.These few last puffs will convert the smoulderingmassto flamethusfirefromcoal at last.
ANOTHER TRICK:is
to attach a pierced can toa 4 foot rope, put the coal & tinder in it, & let itswirltillit smokes& flames.
FIRESTARTING:
Select fire area, out of the wind, protected fromrain & snow. Secure fuel, build fire beforedarkness. Gather adequate supply of fuel first, sothatfirecan be fed immediatelyas it grows.
FIREERRORS:
 
First error of the novice, green horn is to try tocook their food on a strong fire, result is burningthe food, now one learns fast that for boiling,frying or sizzling all one needs is a good bed of red charcoal.Some of those things written seem evident but
REMEMBER
thatmanya readerhas
NEVER
setfootin thewild.
FIRE STARTING MOST COMMONERRORS:
1) Choosing badly the tinder as well as theburningmaterial.2) Forget protecting the match from thewindas youstrikeit. (OOPS’s!)3) Lighting the fire under the wind insteadof windward.4) Smother the fire you just started byadding combustible before the propertimethuschoking thefire.5) Not having dry matches or fire starterwhichwillwork.
KEEPYOUR FIREBURNINGALLNIGHT:TO KEEP YOUR FIRE BURNING ALLNIGHT; COVER IT UP WITH A PILE OFASHES.
The fire will keep burning underneath it, and willbe ready for you in the morning! All you have todo is to blowon it to see it comingalive.
FIREGOLDENT"RICK":HERE'SA TRICKWORTHHIS WEIGHTINGOLD.
Before going to bed place near you head a smallamount of dry moss or dry twigs or wood chipsand when you wake up you just have to throwthem in the fireplace, strike a match and theinteriorof thetentwillquicklywarmup.
PRINCIPLES OF FIRE
:There is no single way to built a fire camp butbasicprinciples remain:1) Fuelflammable enough2) To giveoffgassufficientlycombustible3) To be lit by the heat we are able toconcentrate on it. This burning kindling in turn
MUST
be amplyhot and long lived to releaseandinflame more and more gas from progressivelylargeramounts of fuel.All that can be done with a match and proper fuelto getthefiregoing,but thereare otherways.
TINDERARE NUMEROUS:
Tinder is highlycombustible substance in which aspark can be blown into flame & innumerablematerials of this sort can be found, and carried inspecialcontainers suchas tinderboxes etc.Tinder principal property is that it
MUST
bereadily combustible and finely fibred.
A simpletestMUST be madeto findout.
Take a loosely teased handful of the material andblow. If the fire fromthe coal extendsto the tinderthenitsgood tinder.Natural tinder is generally found in dry, beatengrass,finelyteasedbarkand palmfibres.Most of these coarse tinder’s are improved in theirability to take and hold a spark by: being beatenand pounded untilthefibresare fineand soft.Natural fire-catching properties of tinder can beimproves by the additionof a lightdusting of 
veryfinely ground charcoal
or better still by beingthoroughlyscorched.If saltpetre (notsaltpeter) is available a littlemay be mixed with the charcoal before it is addedto the tinder or the tinder itself can be soaked in asolution of saltpetre and water and allowed to dryout beforeuse.Tinder impregnated with a solution of saltpetreand later dried
MUST
be carried in an airtightcontainer.If carried otherwise the saltpetre will becomedamp with moisture from the air. With this orother prepared tinder you
ALWAYS
have anemergencymeanof getting firegoingwild?

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