History of the Ashanti Kingdom
Asante Kings (Asantehene)
Nana Osei Tutu (1680 tp 1717), Nana Opoku Ware I (1720-1750) Nana Kusi Obodum (1750-1764) Nana Osei Kwadwo (1764-1777 Nana Osei Kwame (1777-1798) Nana Opoku Fofie (1798-1799) Nana Osei Bonsu (1800-1823) Nana Osei Yaw Akoto (1824-34) Nana Kwaku Dua I (1834 - 67) Nana Kofi Karikari (1867-74) Nana Mensah Bonsu (1874-1883) Nana Kwaku Dua II in 1884 Nana Kwaku Duah II alias Nana Agyeman Prempeh I from 1888 to 1931, Nana Osei Tutu Agyeman Prempeh II from 1931 to 1970Otumfuo Opoku Ware II from 1970-1999. The Asante kingdom was founded by the great KingOsei Tutu in the eighteenth century. His fetish priest was Okomfo Anokye, who unified theAsante states through allegiance to the Golden Stool, which miraculously descended fromheaven. Okomfo Anokye planted two trees in the forest and predicted that one tree would liveand become the capital of Ashanti. Hence is derived the name Kumasi (the tree lived); the placein which the other tree was planted became Kumawu (the tree died).Although located in the heart of the forest, Asante dominion was extended by military action and political skill towards the European occupied castles on the coast to the south, and also into thedry savannah lands to the north. This led to various wars with Britain. Kumasi was captured bythe British Army in 1873 (as a result of which much of the magnificent Asante gold regalia can be seen in Londo n in the British Museum). After a final uprising in 1901, led by the QueenMother of Ejisu (Yaa Asantewaa) Asante came into British Protection and finally became aregion of the Gold Coast colony.In 1957, after a period of internal self-government, the Gold Coast becam e the first Africancolony to achieve independence under the charismatic leadership of Kwame Nkrumah.
Getting to the end of the 17th century Anokye Komfuo planted three "KUM" trees at different places. One at Kwaaman ruled by the Nananomayokofuo , a second one at Apemso-Bankoforuled by Nananomaduanafuo and a third a village near Fomena and Amoafo called Oboani ruled by Nananomekuonafuo.The Kum tree at Kwaaman flourished and became a very big tree under which the King and his people often sat and so Kwaaman became Kum-ase meaning under Kum.