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Metro Logy

Metro Logy

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Published by Rajesh

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Published by: Rajesh on Sep 16, 2011
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06/23/2014

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1
 
NRI INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY
 
LABORATORY MANUAL
METROLOGY
(III B Tech Mechanical Engineering)
M Rajesh
DEPARTMENTOFMECHANICAL ENGINEERING
 
2
METROLOGY LABLIST OF EXPERIMENTS
Sl.No. Name of the Experiment
1.Measurement of Length, Height & Diameter byVernier caliper and Micrometer 2.Measurement of bores by using Micrometer andDial bore indicator3.Measurement of Gear tooth thickness by usingGear tooth Vernier.4.Angular measurement by Bevel protractor andSine bar 5.Measurement of Flatness of surface plate byusing spirit levels.6.Surface roughness measurement by using TalySurf.7.Alignment test of Lathe machine8. Alignment test of Milling Machine
 
3
EXPERIMENT-1
MEASUREMENT OF LENGTH, HEIGHT
&
DIAMETER BY VERNIERCALIPERS, MICROMETER.
1.
AIM:
To measure Length, Height and Diameter of given objects by using
 
Vernier Calipers & Micrometer.2.
APPARATUS:
Vernier Calipers, Outside Micrometer & Objects3.
DESCRIPTION:
Pierre Vernier, a Frenchman, devised principle of Vernier for precise measurements in1631. The Vernier Caliper consists of two scale one is fixed mad the other is movable.The movable scale, called Vernier Scale. The fixed scale is calibrated on L-shape frame
 
and caries a fixed jaw. The Vernier scale slides over the main scale and carries over themovable jaw. Also an arrangement is provided to lock the sliding scale on fixed mainscale.
Principle of Vernier Caliper:
The principle of Vernier is based on the difference between two scales or divisions,which are nearly, but not quite alike for obtaining small difference. It enables to enhancethe accuracy of measurement.
Least Count:
Least count is the minimum distance which can be measured accurately by theInstrument.Least Count of Vernier Caliper is the difference between the value of main scale divisionand Vernier Scale Division.Thus Least Count = (Value of Smallest Division on Main Scale)-(Value of Smallest Division on Vernier Scale)= 1-49/50= 0.02 mm.(or) Least Count = (Value of Minimum Division on the Main Scale)/ (Number of Division on Vernier Scale ) = 1/50 = 0.02 mm.

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