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Environmental Biology 1 Sample Quiz 1 2007

Environmental Biology 1 Sample Quiz 1 2007

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Published by: cybear62 on Oct 13, 2008
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EEEB W2001 MIDTERM 1 FALL 20071
 NAME: _ 
KEY
 ____________________ Uni: _______________ 1)
 
(0.25 pt) In Priestly’s Bell Jar, as described in class, what two fundamental processes must be balanced for life in the jar to persist for a very long time? _____ 
HETEROTROPY
 ______________ and _____ 
AUTOTROPHY
 __________________ 2)
 
(0.25 pt) H, O, N, C, Si, Mg, and Fe are all elements that are found in living systems. Compared towhat is available in the Earth’s crust, the relative abundance of these elements in life is much greater with the exception of a)
 
H b)
 
Oc)
 
 Nd)
 
C3)
 
(0.25 pt) Which statement is incorrect?a)
 
The age of our solar system tells us that it was formed from a secondary nova. b)
 
Almost half of the Biosphere’s biomass is made up of microorganisms.c)
 
Throughout Earth’s history, autotrophy has always exceeded heterotrophy, which is why we haveso much oxygen in the atmosphere.d)
 
Over 100 gigatons of material, made up of C, N, P, and S, are moved between the atmos-, hydro-,litho-, and bio-spheres by living organisms every year.e)
 
Gravitational collapse is why the periodic table of elements contains more than 3 elements.4)
 
(0.25 pt) (pick graph A, B, C or D)When one looks at the relativeabundance of elements in the cosmos,there is a general relationship between atomic number and thecommonness or rarity of an element.Which graph is the best, roughapproximation of this relationship(enter answer on the line below)?Answer _ 
D
 __________ 5)
 
(2 pt) Fill in the following table by placing an “X” where the macromolecule listed in the columnsforms a significant part of the cell component listed in the rows.
COMPONENT lipid protein carbohydrate DNA RNA
 plasma membrane X Xmicrotubule Xribosome X Xmitochondrion X X (X) X Xchloroplast X X (X) X Xchromosome X Xcell wall (X) X
(Note – parenthetical “x”s are acceptable.
3.0 pts
 
EEEB W2001 MIDTERM 1 FALL 20072
6)
 
(2 pts) Fill in the following table using ONLY terms from the list below (please, no substitutions).
 Note that some cells in the table require more than one term for a complete answer, and that some terms may be used more than once.
 A.
 
 primary structureB.
 
secondary structureC.
 
tertiary structureD.
 
quaternary structureE.
 
motifsF.
 
domains
EXAMPLE TERM(S) FROM ABOVE(ENTER LETTERS)
The way two or more proteins are associated with one another to form a larger protein, such as the way four globular proteinscombine to form a hemoglobin molecule, refers to a protein’s
D
The following elements of protein structure are determined bythe amino acid sequence in a protein (i.e., alter the sequence,and this (these) elements of structure are likely to be altered)
A,B,C,D,E,F
The portion of a protein that binds to DNA, such as that coded by the homeobox, refers to a protein’s
F
Alternating between an
α
helix and
β
pleated sheet refers to a protein’s
E (C)
The function of a regulatory protein is likely to be lost or altered if these elements of structure are changed:
A, B, C, D, E, F*we’re allowing partial credit for some answers such as C in the fourth part, thought “alternating”refers to motifs, not secondary structure, but helices and sheets are secondary structure.
7)
 
(0.5 pt) The synthesis of a cell membrane protein, such as a cell surface receptor, would begin withgene transcription, follow through with gene translation, then transported through several organelles,and eventually inserted into the cell’s outer membrane. The sequence of organelles involved with this process would be (RER = rough endoplasmic reticulum and SER = smooth endoplasmic reticulum)a)
 
nucleus, ribosome, RER, SER, transport vesicle, Golgi apparatus, transport vesicle, cell membrane b)
 
nucleus, ribosome, SER, RER, transport vesicle, Golgi apparatus, transport vesicle, cell membranec)
 
nucleus, RER, SER, Golgi apparatus, ribosome, mitochondrion, lysosome, cell membraned)
 
nucleus, mitochondrion, ribosome, Golgi apparatus, SER, RER, vacuole, cell membranee)
 
nucleus, micronucleus, ribosome, transport vesicle, RER, SER, cell membrane8)
 
(2 pts) Place an x in the appropriate column for the following cell membrane protein functions. Notethat there can be more than one x in a column.
MEMBRANEPROTEINFUNCTIONHIV’sinfection of aCD4 cellinvolvesControl of osmoticpressure bychemically gated ionchannels involvesCadherin-mediated junctionsinvolveG-protein coupledreceptor activation of akinase pathwayinvolves
Transporter XEnzyme XCell surfacereceptor X X XCell-to-celladhesionXAttachments tocytoskeletonX4.50 pts
 
EEEB W2001 MIDTERM 1 FALL 20073
9)
 
(4 pts) Match the following terms with the following processes (chose a
 single
, best term for eachanswer, but terms from the list may be used for more than one answer if you feel it is necessary)A.
 
 protostomeB.
 
deuterostomeC.
 
karyogamyD.
 
ecto-, meso-, andendo-dermE.
 
 brown algal cellwith four-membraneorganelleF.
 
double fertilizationG.
 
morphogensH.
 
notochordI.
 
reverse transcriptaseJ.
 
choanoflagillidaK.
 
alternation of generations _ 
A
 
 __ spiral cleavage _ 
B
 __ blastopore becomes the anus _ 
B
 _ after the first cleavage, if one separates both cells, each becomes a fully formed, but smaller embryo _ 
D
 __ forms after gastrulation __ 
I
 _ HIV __ 
K_
gametophytes produce gametes that fuse to become sporophytes that produce spores __ 
C
 _ step before meiosis in fungal reproduction __ 
E
 _ secondary endosymbiosis __ 
J
 _ can form cell aggregates __ 
G
 _ bicoid and nanos are used to form anterior-posterior axis in fruit fly embryo __ 
H
 _ 
macho-1
gene not expressed, FGF receptor activated __ 
F
 _ formation of endosperm and embryo in seed plants10)
 
(0.25 pt) How do intra-cellular signal molecules differ from extracellular signal moelcules?a)
 
They are larger. b)
 
They are not lipid soluble.c)
 
Many involve the G-protein coupled receptor (GPCR).d)
 
All of the above.e)
 
 None of the above.4.25

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