the couple about pregnancy, its course, outcome well before the time of actual conception.
Identify high risk factors by detailed obstetric, medical, family and personal history.
Evaluate base level health status such as weight (over weight or under weight), blood pressure - and treat appropriately.
Evaluate nutritional status such as anemia - and treat appropriately.
Rubella and Hepatitis immunization in non-immunized women.
Patients with medical complications such as diabetes, hypertension or epilepsy –•Educate about the effects of the disease on pregnancy and pregnancy on the disease.•Stabilize pre-existing diseases by intervention.•Avoid pregnancy in extreme situations.
Encourage strongly to stop smoking, alcohol intake and other abusive drugs. Give specialized care to addicted woman.
Screen for inheritable genetic diseases before conception.
Investigate for history of recurrent fetal loss, or with family history of congenital abnormalities and counsel the couples appropriately.
The woman enterspregnancy with an optimalstate of health
Pre-conceptional counselingand care to optimizematernal health-conceptionally
Maintenance of healthof the motherDelivery of ahealthy infant
Objectives ofPrenatal care