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Published by Saranathan Pksn

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Published by: Saranathan Pksn on Sep 17, 2011
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From Wikitravel
Trivandrum Central Railway station at the heart of the cityLocated near the southern tip of mainland India,
), [1](formerly and often still known as
) is the capital city of KeralainSouthern India. The city is shares the same name with its district,Thiruvananthapuram, which is one of the 14 districts of Kerala. Referredto by Mahatma Gandhi as the
"Evergreen city of India"
, the city ischaracterized by its undulating terrain of low coastal hills and busycommercial alleys.Thiruvananthapuram is built on hills by the sea shore and sandwiched between the Western Ghats and the Arabian Sea, Thiruvananthapuram isranked first in the number of foreign tourists visiting Kerala and is afascinating destination for holidaymakers.
[edit] Understand
Thiruvananthapuram, with a tradition dating back to 1000BC, lies on asmall strip of land with plenty of coconut & palm trees, and it namemeans "City of Lord Anantha" (the serpent on which LordPadmanabha/Vishnu reclines) in Sanskritand Malayalam. It was a trading  post for spices, sandalwood and ivory. Thiruvananthapuram is the LargestCity in Kerala.The city is the state capital and houses many central andstate government offices, organizations and companies. Apart from beingthe political nerve centre of Kerala, it is also a major academic hub and is
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home to several educational institutions including the University of Kerala, and to many science and technology institutions, the most prominent being the Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre (VSSC), Centre for Development of Advanced Computing (C-DAC), Technopark, the IndianInstitute of Space Science and Technology (IIST) and the Indian Instituteof Science, Education and Research (IISER).
[edit] History
Thiruvananthapuram is one of the oldest cities in India, with periodicreferences in many Greek and Roman literatures. However the city's position came forefront when the Venad Dynasty came into power of Southern regions, after the Great Partition of Kerala Empire of Cheras in14th century. Though Venad rulers had their capital at Kollam (70kmsnorth of Thiruvananthapuram), the town was well considered as a major trading centre. The rise of new Venad King, Maharaja Marthanada Varmaand subsequently formation of Travancore Kingdom in late 17th century proved a turning point for the city. The Raja, after formation of thekingdom by annexing many small states and feudal principalites,dedicated the entire kingdom to Lord Padmanabha, the presiding deity of Sree Padmanabhaswamy temple and crowned as Emperor, making theroyal family to rule in the name of the lord. This resulted in makingThiruvananthapuram as the capital of new kingdom and the city startedgrowing around the temple. In 19th century, the entire administration was brought to Thiruvananthapuram city from the Royal headquarters of SreePadmanabhapuram Fort (50kms from Thiruvananthapuram city), whichmarked completion of first phase of Thiruvananthapuram city.Travancore was one of the most powerful Indian Princely state duringBritish Raj, with the kingdom becoming 3rd most richest state amongnative states. Thiruvananthapuram city, under the royal patronage grewinto a major academic, cultural hub of India, with many firsts to its credit.The Maharajas always cared to keep their capital, one of the mostgreenest cities in India, which resulted in many praises for the capital. Asthe power and wealth of Travancore Kingdom reached its peak duringearly 20th century, Thiruvananthapuram became a major prosperous city.With independence of India, the Travancore chose to ascend into IndiaUnion. After formation of Kerala state in 1957, it was decided to retainThiruvananthapuram as the capital city.Being a capital and administrative city, it remains to be one of the hottest political center in Kerala. The 3rd phase of the development came in early1990s, when Kerala Government decided to establish Technopark- a largeIT Park. The growth of Technopark as the largest InformationTechnology park in South Asia, made a major impetus for the growth of city. Today the city is on focus of making it as major IT/Bio-Technologyhub.The arterial road of Thiruvananthapuram is the
MG Road
or the
Mahatma Gandhi Road
which lies in the north-south direction andconnects almost all important attractions in the city.
[edit] Climate
The city has a tropical climate and therefore does not experience distinctseasons. The mean maximum temperature is 34 °C and the meanminimum temperature is 21 °C. Humidity is high, and rises to about 90%during the monsoon season.Thiruvananthapuram is the first city along the path of the south-westmonsoon and gets its first showers in early June. However, pre-monsoonshowers are common in April and May, accounting to about 35 cm onaverage. Annual rainfall is not very high compared to other districts of Kerala, but it is still a substantial 180 cm. The rainiest months are May,June, July, August, and October, but there are frequent showers in other months too between April and November. For travelers who wish toavoid the rain, the best period to visit is from December to March.The winter temperature comes down to about 18 °C at some places athigh altitudes and summer temperatures can sometimes go as high as 35°C.
[edit] When to go
The best time to visit Trivandrum is between October andFebruary, the perfect time for beach vacations. February to May issummer, which is very hot and humid while June to September isthe monsoon season. The second rainy season, the North-Eastmonsoon, is equally strong and occurs during the months of October and November.
The festival of 
which occurs towards the end of August or early September is a good time to soak up the carnivalatmosphere. There are usually many cultural programs during the

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